Definition of elasticity in English:



  • 1The ability of an object or material to resume its normal shape after being stretched or compressed; stretchiness.

    ‘aging can decrease the elasticity of your skin’
    • ‘The fibers are twisted into ropes and sprayed with natural latex, which increases their elasticity.’
    • ‘With the braided lines there are too many breakages when the fish takes due to the lack of elasticity.’
    • ‘Ultra-violet rays and the free radicals age the skin more quickly reducing its elasticity and creating wrinkles.’
    • ‘Lung elasticity declines slightly with aging but smoking accelerates this greatly.’
    • ‘The lining helps give blood vessels the elasticity they need to regulate blood pressure.’
    • ‘It promises to firm and plump, thus improving elasticity.’
    • ‘"We're trying to alter both the strength and elasticity of the natural silks," Lewis said.’
    • ‘Dry skin can look leathery, dry and flaky, and will lose the elasticity it needs to stay firm and young-looking.’
    • ‘For a full season of mountain fun, you need more than rock-hard legs: The key is elasticity.’
    • ‘Arterial damage affects the elasticity of arteries, which become stiff and rigid.’
    • ‘It retains its elasticity even though frozen and it insulates the ice cream.’
    • ‘A very small fraction of this is due to imperfect elasticity of the solid Earth.’
    • ‘Exhaling is passive; muscles relax and elasticity of the lungs cause them to expel air.’
    • ‘Greater elasticity corresponds to faster deformation and stiffer body, while low elasticity corresponds to softer bodies.’
    • ‘The most striking feature of the basilar membrane is its elasticity.’
    • ‘There may be failing sight, deafness for high tones, graying hair, and loss of elasticity of the skin.’
    • ‘Well, Angela, the ideal liposuction patient is healthy with a consistent body weight and good skin elasticity.’
    • ‘In the case of thermal fluctuations this second type of correlation depends on the elasticity of the membrane.’
    • ‘The clay is exhibiting its elasticity on the shovel; the recent spell of rain altering its pliability.’
    • ‘Circular knitting depended on natural elasticity of its ribbing to substitute for fashioning.’
    stretchiness, flexibility, pliancy, suppleness, rubberiness, plasticity, resilience, springiness
    adaptability, flexibility, adjustability, fluidity, accommodation, versatility, variability, malleability, conformability
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  • 2The ability of something to change and adapt; adaptability.

    • ‘The instant possesses an immemorial elasticity that defies quantitative diagnosis.’
    • ‘This solution has the merit of elasticity.’
    • ‘These results are directly comparable to the familiar sensitivity and elasticity of population growth rate.’
    • ‘Infinitely more liberal than comparable slang of that era, this application of the folk saying allowed unusual elasticity of interpretation.’
    • ‘It remains a permanent monument to the academic aspect of elasticity.’
    • ‘Homeric epic provides the most powerful example of the Greek interest in the instability and elasticity of time.’
    • ‘Within the rodents, which generally have short generation times, generation time is positively correlated with adult survival elasticity.’
    • ‘He recognized the elasticity of the term "Latin," which could apply to any civilization that had been part of the ancient Roman world.’
    • ‘They even have enough elasticity power to allow you to disagree with them.’
    • ‘The case demonstrates the elasticity of kinship considered as the basis of a social group.’
  • 3Economics
    The degree to which a demand or supply is sensitive to changes in price or income.

    ‘the price elasticity of electricity demand’
    • ‘The growth was a result of price elasticity, where drops in tariffs increased usage.’
    • ‘Students might have been surprised to see they were being asked to work out the rate of inflation, the elasticity or the multiplier.’
    • ‘Cars have a relatively high income elasticity of demand.’
    • ‘The total welfare changes more closely correspond to the changes in sector gross revenue with the lowest supply elasticity.’
    • ‘The average of our two estimates of exhortation expenditure elasticities of supply is 0.235.’