Definition of efflux in English:

efflux

noun

technical
  • 1The flowing out of a particular substance or particle.

    • ‘For the first category of compounds, it is the cell wall, together with the outer membrane and associated proteins, which presents a potential barrier to influx and efflux of chemical compounds.’
    • ‘In this study, glucose uptake and efflux from border cells was measured in vitro.’
    • ‘Later, the efflux of solutes from chloroplasts was measured.’
    • ‘The first step in this process is calcium ion efflux from the cells.’
    • ‘The scary aspect of this is that calcium ion efflux occurs at intensities and field strengths that are extremely low.’
    leak, leakage, spill, seepage, drip, dribble, discharge, emanation, issue, flow, outflow, outpouring, gush
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Material that is flowing out.
      • ‘Diverse mechanisms may be responsible for the development of resistance for Cr in microbes, including chromate efflux 85.’
      • ‘Together, these findings are consistent with the current being carried by a burst of Cl - efflux through Cl - permeable channels that activate almost simultaneously.’
      • ‘Efflux was then measured in tubes containing an assay layer without added Glc.’
      • ‘It is a feature of the results in Fig.2 that sucrose efflux and K + efflux respond similarly to rises in turgor, including the larger rise at highest turgor seen in P. vulgaris though not always in V. faba.’
      • ‘So, by such a transport inhibition of ketone body efflux from the liver, the brain is deprived of those energetic compounds leading to lower BDH activity.’
    2. 1.2
      another term for effluxion (sense 1)

Origin

Mid 16th century: from medieval Latin effluxus, from effluere ‘flow out’.

Pronunciation

efflux

/ɛˈfləks//eˈfləks/