Definition of effector in English:

effector

noun

Biology
  • An organ or cell that acts in response to a stimulus.

    [as modifier] ‘effector cells’
    • ‘The short prodomains caspases induced cell apoptosis, which played an effector as a target protein of cytosol or nucleus.’
    • ‘Previous studies on axon guidance have provided a wealth of information about guidance factors, their receptors, and cytoplasmic effectors.’
    • ‘The mechanism by which immune effector cells subsequently coordinate to construct a cellular capsule is also not understood.’
    • ‘There is, however, growing evidence that specific proteases may also act as mediators of signal transduction or effectors of programmed cell death during plant senescence.’
    • ‘The eosinophil is believed to be the principal effector cell for the pathogenesis of allergic inflammation.’

Pronunciation:

effector

/əˈfektər/