Definition of eclampsia in English:



  • A condition in which one or more convulsions occur in a pregnant woman suffering from high blood pressure, often followed by coma and posing a threat to the health of mother and baby.

    See also preeclampsia
    • ‘For example, it may be hypothesized that recurrence of eclampsia in pregnant women is more common in those that have family history of hypertension.’
    • ‘In rare instances, it can progress to a life-threatening condition called eclampsia.’
    • ‘We determined whether a recorded history of gestational hypertension or pre-eclampsia or eclampsia predicted cardiovascular disease in later life, as indicated by measures of mortality and morbidity.’
    • ‘Anticonvulsant drugs may also be prescribed to protect against convulsions due to eclampsia.’
    • ‘Long term survival of mothers was addressed in 1976 by Chesley et al, who found no increased mortality in white women who had eclampsia in their first pregnancy.’


Mid 19th century: modern Latin, from French éclampsie, from Greek eklampsis ‘sudden development’, from eklampein ‘shine out’.