Definition of earthquake in English:



  • 1A sudden and violent shaking of the ground, sometimes causing great destruction, as a result of movements within the earth's crust or volcanic action.

    • ‘It was the end of a week in which the number of earthquakes near the volcano grew significantly.’
    • ‘Nine on the Richter scale indicates an earthquake of absolutely awesome destructive power.’
    • ‘Sunday's quake was both an aftershock of last year's tremor, and an earthquake in its own right.’
    • ‘We have had small earthquakes that have shaken the earth before, though nothing of that magnitude.’
    • ‘Tsunamis are waves formed when huge masses of water are displaced by undersea volcanic eruptions or earthquakes.’
    • ‘This earthquake was the seventh in a series of repeating earthquakes on this stretch of the fault.’
    • ‘Every year, hundreds of minor earthquakes occur and some are felt in this the region.’
    • ‘This is one of the most destructive earthquakes of the twentieth century.’
    • ‘This displacement manifests itself through destructive earthquakes along the North Anatolian Fault.’
    • ‘There are worries that there could be an aftershock earthquake, which could trigger another tsunami.’
    • ‘When it came to measuring these big earthquakes, the Richter scale fell short.’
    • ‘The two earthquakes struck within days of each other, unleashing roughly the same devastating power.’
    • ‘British earthquakes concentrate along a similar north-south belt, with the strongest events in the west.’
    • ‘They are subject to periodic earthquakes and volcanic activity that can destabilize them.’
    • ‘A lifetime of earthquakes and landslides and volcanos and floods have changed the landscape as we once knew it.’
    • ‘The violent earthquake unleashed itself under the sea near northern Indonesia on December 26.’
    • ‘Within days of the earthquake she had been flown out of the country and was back home with her parents.’
    • ‘As the plates grind against one another, earthquakes are triggered along the fault.’
    • ‘About twice a year people feel still smaller earthquakes that do not cause damage.’
    • ‘The small country of El Salvador suffered two devastating earthquakes in one month.’
    earth tremor, tremor, convulsion, shock, foreshock, aftershock
    quake, shake, trembler
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    1. 1.1A great upheaval.
      ‘a political earthquake’
      • ‘This week, the PM was sunning himself in Tuscany when a political earthquake shook Europe.’
      • ‘There are two democratic earthquakes happening right now.’
      • ‘Zambians rejected all those political earthquakes by the scruff of the neck.’
      • ‘The stop the war movement has been a political earthquake in Britain.’
      • ‘Fifteen years ago this Tuesday a political earthquake brought down the Berlin Wall.’
      • ‘After the break, we'll take a closer look at the man at the epicenter of a political earthquake.’
      • ‘They would need to be at least six points ahead of the rest to do that, and that would take a political earthquake.’
      • ‘As a political earthquake, the end of the Empire measured right at the top of the Richter scale.’
      • ‘And I can promise you that we'll be creating a lot more earthquakes of our own at the next General Election.’
      • ‘In what period have so many people been so totally exposed at so fast a pace to such earthquakes of change?’
      • ‘The same danger lurks there as caused a political earthquake in France two weeks ago.’
      • ‘And we seem to be in the midst of one, as if caught up in a social earthquake.’
      • ‘All of the parties praised the fact that the expected political earthquake had not taken place.’
      upheaval, eruption, turmoil, turbulence, disruption, agitation, disturbance, unrest, disorder, furore, upset, tumult, chaos
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