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1A disorder in which an organ or tissue of the body wastes away.See also muscular dystrophy
- ‘In addition, diseases resulting in impaired contraction of striated muscle, such as myasthenia gravis or myotonic dystrophies, may demonstrate similar abnormalities.’
- ‘Fuchs' dystrophy is an inherited disease that affects the cornea - the transparent front surface of your eye.’
- ‘There are some people who have corneal dystrophies such as Fuchs who also have macular degeneration, and they can benefit from transplantation when the cornea becomes cloudy.’
- ‘Muscular dystrophies are genetic disorders, usually progressive, which can lead to profound paralysis.’
- ‘The key breakthroughs in the mitochondrial disorders and Duchenne dystrophy had all been made by the early '90s, and yet a decade later, no effective treatments have yet emerged.’
2Impaired nourishment of a bodily part.
- ‘Soft tissue dystrophy continues, and the skin is cool, ischemic, dry, thin, and shiny.’
- ‘There, in the camp, he almost died of hunger, developed dystrophy and pellagra, and almost lost his central vision.’
Late 19th century: from modern Latin dystrophia, from Greek dus- ‘bad’ + -trophia ‘nourishment’.
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