Difficult or labored breathing.
- ‘Ordinary physical exercise does not cause fatigue, dyspnoea or palpitations’
- ‘He had noticed increasing exertional dyspnoea and noisy breathing in the two months prior to presentation.’
- ‘A 52 year old woman developed acute dyspnoea and hypoxia two hours after rapid drainage of a large left tuberculous pleural effusion.’
- ‘Acute dyspnea is a common clinical finding in the emergency department and other urgent care locations.’
- ‘She was admitted to another hospital, where she continued to have shortness of breath and dyspnea.’
Mid 17th century: via Latin from Greek duspnoia, from dus- ‘difficult’ + pnoē ‘breathing’.
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.