Definition of dysfunction in US English:

dysfunction

noun

  • 1Abnormality or impairment in the function of a specified bodily organ or system.

    ‘bowel dysfunction’
    • ‘Finally, our study design did not allow us to examine in detail the hypothesis that lung inflammation due to ARDS may contribute to nonpulmonary organ dysfunctions.’
    • ‘Neurobehavioral and pulmonary dysfunctions were measured 7 weeks after the chlorine spill.’
    • ‘Implanted electronic devices provide a vast array of treatments for patients with cardiac dysfunctions.’
    • ‘So is there potential for casting further light on this by studying people who have neurological dysfunctions associated with memory disability such as Alzheimer's?’
    • ‘In this system, organ system dysfunctions are used to evaluate morbidity in critically ill patients.’
    • ‘The course content included identification, screening and early intervention and medical implications like epilepsy, hyperactivity and brain dysfunctions.’
    • ‘These dysfunctions lead to the clinical syndrome of heart failure.’
    • ‘Severe sepsis is defined as sepsis associated with evidence of one or more acute organ dysfunctions.’
    • ‘We found that both pancreatic damage and end-organ dysfunctions correlated with the magnitude of the inflammatory response.’
    • ‘We included all consecutive patients with blood culture-positive sepsis and measured organ dysfunctions and mortality.’
    • ‘Optimum supplementation with vitamin C and other essential nutrients may provide a basic therapeutic means for the prevention and successful management of cardiovascular dysfunctions.’
    • ‘Therefore, other factors play a role in the development of lung dysfunctions.’
    • ‘Immunological dysfunctions, inflammation of the respiratory tract, and disorders such as porphyria have all been suggested as possible causal factors.’
    • ‘Bladder dysfunctions should be treated before a second procedure is performed.’
    • ‘Massage can therefore be very effectively used in conjunction with bodywork to treat not only musculo-skeletal problems, but dysfunctions of organs, glands and whole systems.’
    • ‘Major consequences of foetal alcohol syndrome are facial deformities, central nervous system dysfunctions and non specific malfunctions.’
    • ‘Third, sepsis and organ dysfunctions are synergistic in worsening outcomes.’
    • ‘Survival varies widely depending upon age, chronic disease burden, and nonpulmonary organ dysfunctions such as shock and hepatic failure.’
    • ‘One important function of health-care services, here personal medical services, is to restore handicapping dysfunctions, for example, of vision, mobility, and so on.’
    • ‘Although computed tomography can identify most brain lesions, it does not identify metabolic and extrinsic brain dysfunctions.’
    disease, infection, complaint, problem, condition, affliction, malady, sickness, illness, ailment, infirmity, disability
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    1. 1.1 Deviation from the norms of social behavior in a way regarded as bad.
      ‘inner-city dysfunction’
      • ‘More fundamentally, such statistics do not address the issue of the conditions that give rise to social dysfunction.’
      • ‘I accept that there is a relationship between sexual dysfunction and stress, anxiety and depression.’
      • ‘Family structure is crumbling, and dysfunction in relationships is at an all-time high.’
      • ‘She just doesn't get it - the depiction of family dysfunction is not a social evil.’
      • ‘This is about the link between criminality and deprivation, family dysfunction and poor education.’
      • ‘The focus on individuals' psychological dysfunction is not confined to education.’
      • ‘She admits that there has been an element of dysfunction in all her relationships.’
      • ‘It calls to mind a world of social dysfunction hiding beneath the surface of everyday life.’
      • ‘Every time I visited home since my grandma died, I saw more and more chaos and dysfunction in my family.’
      • ‘Where do poverty, dysfunction, violence and high mortality rates fit into the analysis?’
      • ‘Others look, quite understandably, at democratic or social dysfunction and wish that we had machines that could help us fix it.’
      • ‘His poor ability to make relationships with others indicated high levels of psychological dysfunction.’
      • ‘Stress, sexual dysfunction and even inability to work are also to be excluded.’
      • ‘The downside is the social dysfunction I witness amongst the spectators because of alcohol consumption.’

Pronunciation

dysfunction

/ˌdɪsˈfəŋ(k)ʃ(ə)n//ˌdisˈfəNG(k)SH(ə)n/