(in medical or technical contexts) unusually or abnormally low stature or small size.
- ‘The problem, according to Martin, is that while the body size of a large species shrinks considerably in cases of island dwarfism, brain size shrinks moderately.’
- ‘Mutations in the transmembrane domain of FGFR3 cause the most common genetic form of dwarfism, achondroplasia.’
- ‘The scientific point was that in the past 10 years, the mutations responsible for nearly all forms of dwarfism had been identified.’
- ‘Many metals, for example, have adverse effects on plants if they are concentrated to high levels; the result is plant deformities, dwarfism, or death of the plant.’
- ‘There was no history of familial dwarfism or known exposure to teratogenic drugs.’
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.