The tough outermost membrane enveloping the brain and spinal cord.
- ‘The brain showed extensive postsurgical changes, including a small occipital subdural hematoma, sutures within the dura, and a ventriculostomy tract in each frontal lobe.’
- ‘The dura mater of the spinal cord is separated from the periosteum of the vertebrae by an epidural space.’
- ‘Brain shift occurs when the dura is opened, cerebrospinal fluid leaks out, and the brain either shrinks or swells.’
- ‘We report a case of prominent pigment deposition in the dura mater of the brain.’
- ‘There were prominent bilateral scalp contusions with soft tissue and intramuscular haemorrhage, symmetrical parietal skull fractures with coronal sutural diastasis, and a lacerated dura mater with extrusion of brain and blood.’
Late 19th century: from medieval Latin, literally hard mother translation of Arabic al-'umm al-jāfiya coarse mother.
- variant spelling of durra
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.