Definition of draft in English:

draft

noun

  • 1A preliminary version of a piece of writing.

    ‘the first draft of the party's manifesto’
    as modifier ‘a draft document’
    1. 1.1 A plan, sketch, or rough drawing.
    2. 1.2Computing A mode of operation of a printer in which text is produced rapidly but with relatively low definition.
  • 2the draftUS Compulsory recruitment for military service.

    ‘25 million men were subject to the draft’
    as modifier ‘draft cards’
    1. 2.1North American A procedure whereby new or existing sports players are made available for selection or reselection by the teams in a league, usually with the earlier choices being given to the weaker teams.
    2. 2.2rare A group or individual selected from a larger group for a special duty, e.g., for military service.
  • 3A current of cool air in a room or other confined space.

    ‘heavy curtains at the windows cut out drafts’
  • 4The action or act of pulling something along, especially a vehicle or farm implement.

  • 5A written order to pay a specified sum; a check.

  • 6A single act of drinking or inhaling.

    ‘she downed the remaining beer in one draft’
    1. 6.1 The amount swallowed or inhaled in a single act of drinking or inhaling.
      ‘he took deep drafts of oxygen into his lungs’
  • 7The depth of water needed to float a ship.

    ‘the shallow draft enabled her to get close to shore’
  • 8The drawing in of a fishing net.

    1. 8.1 The fish taken at one drawing; a catch.

verb

[with object]
  • 1Prepare a preliminary version of (a document)

    ‘I drafted a letter of resignation’
    • ‘Cine and the WHO are drafting a document that will serve as a guide for researchers and communities in health research projects.’
    • ‘In the rest of Italy, both clerics and laymen drafted documents, without any precise distinction of function or activity.’
    • ‘The Assembly has already set up a 55-member committee to draft the document.’
    • ‘They were one of the earlier draft versions prepared by the Crown Prosecutor to assist the judge in putting the case before the jury in the summing up.’
    • ‘Administration officials tell CNN this 20-plus page document was actually drafted back in 2003.’
    • ‘The quotation documents were drafted using the quantities and units of measurement we estimated earlier.’
    • ‘I go there to prepare speeches, or draft articles and letters.’
    • ‘The preliminary survey questionnaire was drafted on July 13, 1997.’
    • ‘It is very difficult, I think, for those who draft the document at the end of the process to stand back and reread it with the eyes of the judges who will come to it completely afresh.’
    • ‘On the other, he was never officially involved in the council, never having been appointed to any of the commissions that did much of the work of drafting the eventual documents.’
    • ‘Your legal department should be able to draft a document called a nondisclosure agreement, or an NDA.’
    • ‘He does, however, warn against drafting the document oneself.’
    • ‘The delay is widely blamed on the prosecutors in his case, who have so far only prepared draft versions of their reports into each group member.’
    • ‘If he is the person who drafted the documents, I am afraid he has a very poor understanding of legal matters.’
    • ‘Nor have they established that, even leaving it until the last minute, he could not have drafted these documents and prepared them prior to the expiry of the four month period.’
    • ‘I am drafting this document just after completing a commercial novel of about a half-million words, and I enjoyed every one of them.’
    • ‘Some states will respect the different laws of the state where the document was drafted.’
    • ‘Those documents were generally drafted later and reflect social democratic ideas arising in the 19th century.’
    • ‘I attach hereto draft documents which I hope will form a satisfactory agreement in respect of services on the above Estate.’
    • ‘Half a century ago, a document was drafted that's still highly topical: a Universal Declaration of Human Rights.’
  • 2Select (a person or group of people) and bring them somewhere for a certain purpose.

    ‘he was drafted to help with the task force on best safety practices’
    • ‘I was supposed to go onto university when the lead of a musical, that was due to be staged by my old drama teacher, dropped out and I was drafted in.’
    • ‘She was given so many flowers that three policewomen were drafted in to help the Queen's lady-in-waiting to carry them.’
    • ‘Security measures had been dramatically stepped up at Heathrow airport with extra police officers being drafted in from surrounding areas and forces.’
    • ‘A month later union leaders were drafted in following fears the firm's wood mill was facing imminent closure, with more finished products being shipped in from abroad.’
    • ‘I was drafted in from head office to ‘facilitate the streamlining of resources in middle management’.’
    • ‘The first rescue attempt was made by a team of firemen, but the current was too strong, so by 6pm a specialist civil defence team were drafted in.’
    • ‘A team of Hampshire police officers was drafted in last night as a murder investigation was launched.’
    • ‘Local people were drafted in as casual workers to clean up the contaminated factory.’
    • ‘It suggests senior teachers took classes, staff were drafted in from other schools and disruptive children were being taken out of lessons.’
    • ‘Taxi drivers were also drafted in to scour parts of Bolton.’
    • ‘Extra staff were drafted in to cope with the demand.’
    • ‘About 20 officers were drafted in - some from Bradford - to deal with the incident at 9.17 pm.’
    • ‘Now she is quite happy to do the designing and planting, but when it comes to the heavy stuff I'm drafted in.’
    • ‘Extra officers were drafted in from other US cities.’
    • ‘Extra officers were drafted in from all over the county to cope with the gathering crowds.’
    • ‘Hundreds of police officers were drafted in to monitor yesterday's march, which passed off peacefully with no arrests.’
    • ‘Dozens of extra officers were also drafted in from across the force, and senior officers even flew to the US to meet members of the FBI to help with the investigation.’
    • ‘Extra police officers were drafted in to patrol a peace march after word of a rival, impromptu pro-war demonstration was circulated.’
    • ‘More volunteers are drafted in just in time as the ferry spills out the first swell of festival-goers who immediately target our ticket office en-masse.’
    • ‘Pupils who are able to turn up for lessons face disruption as stand-in teachers are drafted in to provide cover for staff members who are not able to start work.’
    1. 2.1US Conscript (someone) for military service.
      • ‘Unfortunately, two years later, he was drafted into the French military, and he lost his prime slot at the company.’
      • ‘Unable to pay 20 gold napoleons for his stay, the poor man was thrown into debtor's prison before being drafted into service in the emperor's army.’
      • ‘However, in March 1916, he was drafted for military service to the Reserve Officers School near Sofia.’
      • ‘Up until 1994, Honduras drafted children into its military.’
      • ‘The boys were about to be drafted into the military.’
      • ‘It's his homeworld and he says he lives in fear of being drafted back into their military yet again.’
      • ‘Attending college allowed him to avoid being drafted into the military.’
      • ‘He was drafted into the Royal Army Service Corps shortly after and saw action throughout the war, including the D Day landings.’
      • ‘Accordingly, in March 1863, Congress passed the Conscription Act to draft men into military service.’
      • ‘After graduating from high school, he was drafted into the Military Officer Training School.’
      • ‘However, the authorities had other ideas, and Chris was drafted into the Swedish Army for his National Service.’
      • ‘After the main drummer from Machito's famous big band was drafted into the military, he was recruited to play drums and performed excellently.’
      • ‘An army serial number must be assigned and issued to an Army or Navy inductee by a relevant military draft office on the day when he is drafted into service.’
      • ‘Worse, so many doctors, scientists, and lab technicians had been drafted into military service that civilian operations were hamstrung.’
      • ‘As a youth he had no intention of pursuing a military career, but he was drafted into the revolutionary army in 1793.’
      • ‘In Algeria, for example, men were drafted into service.’
      • ‘A state effort to enlist new voters calls on people to make a choice between being drafted for military service or registering to vote.’
      • ‘At this point, I'll also note that he was drafted for military service in the Vietnam War.’
      • ‘After two years there, he and other American Japanese male prisoners of the appropriate age were drafted for military service.’
      • ‘The Russian Czar, Peter the Great, devised the system in which young men were drafted to serve in the military for prolonged terms.’
      conscript, call up, enlist, mobilize, rally, muster, marshal, press, recruit, raise, assemble, round up
      View synonyms
    2. 2.2North American Select (a player) for a sports team through the draft.
      • ‘He is a good athlete with a strong arm, but might not he back next year if the team drafts a quarterback.’
      • ‘Is this the year the team drafts its future quarterback?’
      • ‘The team might consider drafting a quarterback in the middle rounds for development purposes.’
      • ‘While it's impossible to know for sure before the player is drafted, the team can get a clear idea of how good he'll be almost as soon as he begins his NFL career.’
      • ‘He doesn't seem willing to stay with the team as a transitional starter if it drafts a quarterback.’
      • ‘It hurts that most of these players were drafted by good teams and thus didn't get the opportunities to play that some of their peers did.’
      • ‘The Steelers also are likely to look at drafting another quarterback in 2004.’
      • ‘I think drafting international players has proved to be successful for several NBA teams.’
      • ‘The team's four recently drafted rookies made positive first impressions in their summer league debuts.’
      • ‘The Broncos will draft a quarterback but not in the first round.’
      • ‘The sole exception is if a younger player is drafted by an NBA team and later cut.’
      • ‘Every football player dreams about being drafted by an NFL team.’
      • ‘Warner, meanwhile, must regain the confidence of his teammates… Don't be surprised if the team drafts a quarterback.’
      • ‘Picking the wrong agent can cost a player an opportunity to be drafted by some teams.’
      • ‘Such are the expectations of highly drafted quarterbacks in the NFL these days.’
      • ‘Even if the Broncos find a good free-agent backup, expect them to draft a quarterback.’
      • ‘The second player they selected was drafted three years ago - with the 1,000th pick.’
      • ‘The team has made strong statements about drafting a quarterback, but those comments are deceptive.’
      • ‘Look for the Chiefs to draft a developmental quarterback, perhaps even on the first day.’
      • ‘The situation puts even more pressure on the team to draft a player who can have an immediate impact.’
  • 3Pull or draw.

  • 4Motorsports
    no object Benefit from reduced wind resistance by driving very closely behind another vehicle.

adjective

  • 1Denoting beer or other drink that is kept in and served from a barrel or tank rather than from a bottle or can.

    ‘draft beer’
  • 2Denoting an animal used for pulling heavy loads.

    ‘draft oxen’

Phrases

  • on draft

    • (of beer or other drink) on tap; ready to be drawn from a barrel or tank; not bottled or canned.

Origin

Mid 16th century: phonetic spelling of draught.

Pronunciation

draft

/draft//dræft/