Definition of downturn in US English:



  • A decline in economic, business, or other activity.

    ‘a downturn in the housing market’
    • ‘Over the years it has been shown that some businesses are better at weathering cyclical downturns than others.’
    • ‘Tighter border security is sure to slow import growth even more in coming months, although lower imports will worsen downturns in economies around the world.’
    • ‘Throughout most of the history of the United States, business downturns have been relatively brief - perhaps a year long at most - and recoveries have come soon afterward.’
    • ‘While most companies plan for economic or business downturns, they do not do the same level of preparation for disaster.’
    • ‘Tech companies blame the sharp downturn in their industry for the big write-offs.’
    • ‘Overproduction leads to declines in profits and sharp downturns in the business cycle, and a viable balancing of production, distribution, and demand is referred to as a regime of accumulation.’
    • ‘In past downturns, software spending declines usually trail the rest of the technology industry by six to nine months.’
    • ‘There is a great deal of irresponsible leading going on and a downturn in the economy will expose it hurting all concerned.’
    • ‘The downturn in economic activity in Ireland in the second half of last year was unique in the context of previous downturns in the Irish economy.’
    • ‘That's because highly levered businesses suffer in downturns as debt service eats into margins, and increases the risk of default.’
    • ‘Critics have previously argued that the stability pact hampers growth by preventing euro zone governments from boosting public spending to stimulate their economies during downturns.’
    • ‘The economist said the downturn in the US economy had played a major part in a change in sentiment.’
    • ‘Out of all the sectors affected by the downturn, special activities holidays have fared best.’
    • ‘Thus, the expected growth from the single market may have been held back by the downturn in the business cycle.’
    • ‘‘This contraction was expected as economies worldwide succumbed to downturns,’ the department said in a statement.’
    • ‘By the mid 1960s, confidence in the government's ability to utilize fiscal and monetary policy tools led many to believe that cyclical downturns in the economy were a thing of the past.’
    • ‘It is easy to blame the general downturn for the decline in telecom capital spending.’
    • ‘Like many other dotcoms it's been hit by the economic downturn and the global decline in advertising revenues.’
    • ‘And with the prolonged stock market downturn, employers are running out of the time for smoothing out prior losses.’
    • ‘Beaten-down big caps with the financial power to weather the inevitable downturns in business can offer investors spectacular rewards when the economy recovers.’
    setbacks, upsets, reverses, reversals, reversals of fortune, downturns, mishaps, strokes of ill luck, strokes of bad luck, accidents, shocks, vicissitudes, crises, catastrophes, tragedies, calamities, trials, crosses, knocks, burdens, blows, buffets
    View synonyms


[with object]usually as adjective downturned
  • Turn (something) downward.

    ‘his downturned mouth’
    • ‘The large strong feet, downturned bill, soaring habit, and certain behaviors of the anhimids are shared by raptorial gruiforms as well.’
    • ‘Cuvieronius possesses a slightly downturned symphyseal region and upper tusks that are twisted in a long open spiral and with a spiral band of enamel persisting in the adults.’
    • ‘The symphyseal region of the mandibles is short, wide, and slightly downturned.’
    • ‘He looks rather menacing with his thick, towering frame and a black downturned mustache that gives him a look of permanent annoyance.’
    • ‘As he looked at Rose there was relief in the small face with its downturned mouth, and something of hope came into the boy's eyes as he noted that she didn't have copper hair or blue eyes.’
    • ‘He looked just like the pictures: the long-ish hair, piercing eyes, and the downturned mouth.’
    • ‘The rostrum in homolids is usually bifid, while that of P. gorrelli is characterized by two lateral rostral spines and a downturned, central rostral spine.’
    • ‘Concerning this jaw, Cope remarked that it was a trilophodont mastodont with a short downturned symphysis but did not figure it.’
    • ‘Furthermore, the vomer is widest near its middle and its edges are downturned to create a troughed ventral surface.’
    • ‘Elevated part of adult tabularium broad with variable periaxial depression and downturned margin.’
    • ‘Under the woman's worried stare, the boy's downturned mouth began to quiver.’
    • ‘In contrast, it is less strongly upturned in the same position in P. ultima and then downturned just before the tip.’
    • ‘The proximal part of the corallum is calceoloid, the septa, which are of one order only, lack any trace of dilation, and the broad, closely spaced tabulae are not downturned to form deep interseptal loculi.’
    • ‘As the door opened, he pulled one hand out, his thin, downturned mouth lifting into a charming smile that revealed a slight overbite.’
    • ‘Correlated features are the distinctly downturned facial region, deep temporal region, and forwardly rotated suspensorium.’
    • ‘They have trouble sometimes coordinating the effort between upturned eyes and downturned mouths, but the extra strikes make the experience all the more memorable.’
    • ‘Moving by puling himself along the ground through muscular contractions, the only clear sign of humanity or feeling in the big cartoon eyes and downturned mouth hovering in front of his downward curve.’
    • ‘Adult tabularial surfaces very gently convex, or slightly depressed periaxially, downturned in interseptal loculi and deeply depressed in cardinal siphonofossula.’
    • ‘But in today's downturned economy, there is a new interest in rehabilitating them.’
    • ‘But where to work was the question he and others throughout the technology sector have been asking themselves as high-tech companies have been forced to purge their payrolls in light of a downturned economy.’