Definition of divergence in US English:



  • 1The process or state of diverging.

    ‘the divergence between primates and other groups’
    • ‘However, this may be an underestimate if positive selection has increased the rate of amino acid divergence.’
    • ‘The result was greater economic divergence, and inflation rates in particular moved wider apart.’
    • ‘Next, all divergence times and substitution rates were found by maximum likelihood.’
    • ‘Furthermore, there is often a degree of functional divergence between the X- and Y-linked genes.’
    • ‘This observation is indicative of a rapid rate of divergence.’
    • ‘This model should prove useful for estimating divergence times when substitution rates vary across lineages.’
    • ‘The interspecific divergences were calculated using only the seven taxa from which all three gene sequences had been obtained.’
    • ‘Sequence divergence in the coding region shows a departure from clock-like evolution.’
    • ‘It will be up to the leader of the Church's 38 autonomous provinces to ‘accommodate those divergences.’’
    • ‘In contrast, divergence between closely related species is not affected by recombination.’
    • ‘Another controversial subject with respect to time estimates is that of divergence times for higher primates.’
    • ‘Personally, I think that the two pendulums, convergence and divergence will continue to swing.’
    • ‘An extreme divergence in venom evolution can extend even to the secondary loss of toxins.’
    • ‘The Isler-Brumfield papers provide yet another window into the processes that influence divergence.’
    • ‘In contrast, the synchronic approach would provide estimation of the rate of divergence between populations.’
    • ‘As the generation time increases, the evolutionary rate slows and divergence stabilizes.’
    • ‘Furthermore, functional and structural divergence might, in some cases, precede rather than follow gene duplication.’
    • ‘The rates of divergence that were simulated are within the range observed in the analyzed data of the 12 families studied.’
    • ‘The evolutionary process of this divergence, however, is not well understood.’
    • ‘The book is filled with countless examples of companies that tried convergence instead of divergence, and were unsuccessful.’
    separation, dividing, parting, forking, branching
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A difference or conflict in opinions, interests, wishes, etc.
      ‘a fundamental divergence of attitude’
      • ‘This divergence of views highlights the difficulties entailed in prevention and intervention, notably in the legal field.’
      • ‘Doubts about recession and the model lineup have produced a divergence in investor opinion over BMW.’
      • ‘The divergence of views suggests a marked lack of consensus at the Bar on how complaints of this nature should be dealt with.’
      • ‘There are strong divergences of views amongst psychiatrists on these issues.’
      • ‘Some people reading these stories say: ‘Oh, if there's a divergence of medical opinion on this, we better be careful.’’
      • ‘Your Honour, but quite clearly, there is, in fact, a divergence of recent view.’
      • ‘This leaves room for a divergence between our beliefs and the truth.’
      • ‘In any relationship there is a divergence of opinion, a variety of vested interests, different beliefs and values.’
      • ‘There are already signs of significant divergences of view here, notably between the US and UK themselves.’
      • ‘The ALP no longer contains a real divergence of views.’
      • ‘There is a clear divergence of view as to how Mrs LM came to sign this document.’
      • ‘The same is true for sharp divergences of viewpoints within and across nations.’
      • ‘There I encountered a marked divergence of views.’
      • ‘These sections illustrate the historical and spatial divergences and convergences between the two Gujarati villages.’
      • ‘The jury is out on gold, and I have seldom seen such a divergence of opinion - if you cut out the World Gold Council, that is.’
      • ‘This divergence of view is neither surprising nor unusual.’
      • ‘This divergence of interests is manageable, but it is also fundamental.’
      • ‘To cause an unnecessary divergence of public opinion is the most abnormal way to run the administration.’
      • ‘This line ignores the fundamental divergences between US and Indian interests.’
      • ‘His curiosity about cultural divergences within countries and regions, for example, is admirable.’
      difference, dissimilarity, variance, polarity, disparity, contrast
      deviation, digression, departure, shift, drift, drifting, straying, deflection, wandering, moving away
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 A place where airflows or ocean currents diverge, typically marked by downwelling (of air) or upwelling (of water).
      • ‘Atmospheric divergence typically occurs where airflow is moving away from the centre of a pressure system.’
      • ‘This is a negative divergence, and the point is capturing flux, like water going down a sink.’
      • ‘Of course, for any flow we might induce in water, with pipes or otherwise, the total divergence will always be exactly zero.’
  • 2Mathematics
    The inner product of the operator del and a given vector, which gives a measure of the quantity of flux emanating from any point of the vector field or the rate of loss of mass, heat, etc., from it.

    • ‘With a constant rate, divergence time estimation is straightforward.’
    • ‘A more accurate estimate of the speed of divergence can be made using the following more modern proof.’
    • ‘Our example here is technical in nature, but some traders use a P / E ratio or other fundamental factors to measure correlation and divergence.’