Definition of divergence in US English:



  • 1The process or state of diverging.

    ‘the divergence between primates and other groups’
    • ‘As the generation time increases, the evolutionary rate slows and divergence stabilizes.’
    • ‘The Isler-Brumfield papers provide yet another window into the processes that influence divergence.’
    • ‘Sequence divergence in the coding region shows a departure from clock-like evolution.’
    • ‘However, this may be an underestimate if positive selection has increased the rate of amino acid divergence.’
    • ‘Furthermore, functional and structural divergence might, in some cases, precede rather than follow gene duplication.’
    • ‘The book is filled with countless examples of companies that tried convergence instead of divergence, and were unsuccessful.’
    • ‘This observation is indicative of a rapid rate of divergence.’
    • ‘It will be up to the leader of the Church's 38 autonomous provinces to ‘accommodate those divergences.’’
    • ‘The rates of divergence that were simulated are within the range observed in the analyzed data of the 12 families studied.’
    • ‘Next, all divergence times and substitution rates were found by maximum likelihood.’
    • ‘This model should prove useful for estimating divergence times when substitution rates vary across lineages.’
    • ‘The result was greater economic divergence, and inflation rates in particular moved wider apart.’
    • ‘The interspecific divergences were calculated using only the seven taxa from which all three gene sequences had been obtained.’
    • ‘The evolutionary process of this divergence, however, is not well understood.’
    • ‘An extreme divergence in venom evolution can extend even to the secondary loss of toxins.’
    • ‘Furthermore, there is often a degree of functional divergence between the X- and Y-linked genes.’
    • ‘In contrast, divergence between closely related species is not affected by recombination.’
    • ‘In contrast, the synchronic approach would provide estimation of the rate of divergence between populations.’
    • ‘Another controversial subject with respect to time estimates is that of divergence times for higher primates.’
    • ‘Personally, I think that the two pendulums, convergence and divergence will continue to swing.’
    separation, dividing, parting, forking, branching
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A difference or conflict in opinions, interests, wishes, etc.
      ‘a fundamental divergence of attitude’
      • ‘The jury is out on gold, and I have seldom seen such a divergence of opinion - if you cut out the World Gold Council, that is.’
      • ‘This line ignores the fundamental divergences between US and Indian interests.’
      • ‘Your Honour, but quite clearly, there is, in fact, a divergence of recent view.’
      • ‘There is a clear divergence of view as to how Mrs LM came to sign this document.’
      • ‘This divergence of views highlights the difficulties entailed in prevention and intervention, notably in the legal field.’
      • ‘The ALP no longer contains a real divergence of views.’
      • ‘The divergence of views suggests a marked lack of consensus at the Bar on how complaints of this nature should be dealt with.’
      • ‘There I encountered a marked divergence of views.’
      • ‘To cause an unnecessary divergence of public opinion is the most abnormal way to run the administration.’
      • ‘Doubts about recession and the model lineup have produced a divergence in investor opinion over BMW.’
      • ‘This leaves room for a divergence between our beliefs and the truth.’
      • ‘Some people reading these stories say: ‘Oh, if there's a divergence of medical opinion on this, we better be careful.’’
      • ‘There are already signs of significant divergences of view here, notably between the US and UK themselves.’
      • ‘These sections illustrate the historical and spatial divergences and convergences between the two Gujarati villages.’
      • ‘There are strong divergences of views amongst psychiatrists on these issues.’
      • ‘The same is true for sharp divergences of viewpoints within and across nations.’
      • ‘This divergence of interests is manageable, but it is also fundamental.’
      • ‘This divergence of view is neither surprising nor unusual.’
      • ‘His curiosity about cultural divergences within countries and regions, for example, is admirable.’
      • ‘In any relationship there is a divergence of opinion, a variety of vested interests, different beliefs and values.’
      difference, dissimilarity, variance, polarity, disparity, contrast
      deviation, digression, departure, shift, drift, drifting, straying, deflection, wandering, moving away
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 A place where airflows or ocean currents diverge, typically marked by downwelling (of air) or upwelling (of water).
      • ‘Atmospheric divergence typically occurs where airflow is moving away from the centre of a pressure system.’
      • ‘This is a negative divergence, and the point is capturing flux, like water going down a sink.’
      • ‘Of course, for any flow we might induce in water, with pipes or otherwise, the total divergence will always be exactly zero.’
  • 2Mathematics
    The inner product of the operator del and a given vector, which gives a measure of the quantity of flux emanating from any point of the vector field or the rate of loss of mass, heat, etc., from it.

    • ‘Our example here is technical in nature, but some traders use a P / E ratio or other fundamental factors to measure correlation and divergence.’
    • ‘With a constant rate, divergence time estimation is straightforward.’
    • ‘A more accurate estimate of the speed of divergence can be made using the following more modern proof.’