Definition of disintegration in English:



  • 1The process of losing cohesion or strength.

    ‘the twin problems of economic failure and social disintegration’
    • ‘Inequality correlates closely with several indicators of social and political disintegration, suggesting that the broader well-being of the nation is affected by wide disparities in income between the rich and poor.’
    • ‘The presentation started to focus on the process of disintegration of the former USSR.’
    • ‘He warned that ‘even here the process of disintegration has commenced.’’
    • ‘His music was constantly described in terms of personal hysteria or the social disintegration of pre-1914 Europe.’
    • ‘According to her, the most critical issue facing Bali is ‘the potential for social conflict and disintegration stemming from a lack of human security’.’
    • ‘The potato constituted the main dietary staple for most Irish and when the blight struck a number of successive harvests social and economic disintegration ensued.’
    • ‘These types of sovereignty may be lost or limited by disintegration of a state, conquest or, more typically today, by binding agreements with other states.’
    • ‘Furthermore, some states are still in the process of disintegration.’
    • ‘No hazards are greater, however, than a continuance of the present process of disintegration in Germany - political, material, social and spiritual.’
    • ‘By that stage the Manchester scrum was in the process of complete disintegration and left the referee with no option but to award a penalty try and give Ribb a 10-3 lead.’
    • ‘The second policy presumes that crimes derive from social disintegration and poverty.’
    • ‘Societal beliefs, social isolation, community disintegration, stressful life events, mental illness and substance abuse must all be addressed in prevention.’
    • ‘Distribution of ‘surplus’ grain may well be needed to deal with the emergencies generated by war, civil disintegration, and natural disasters.’
    • ‘Communism was contained in the eastern half of the continent where it could undergo a slow process of disintegration.’
    • ‘This was an integral part of the process of disintegration, and marked the significance of the 1962-1965 period.’
    • ‘The standing army was in the process of disintegration as lower ranking officers defected to the opposition.’
    • ‘A riveting seminar held yesterday by the Centre for Policy Studies in London on the subject of breaking the poverty cycle threw up some startling insights into social disintegration in Britain.’
    • ‘Another disturbing trend is the apparently widespread disintegration of social and family ties.’
    • ‘Richards and her followers believed that the application of science to domestic problems could save society from the social disintegration they saw at the turn of the century.’
    • ‘Scholars debate the causes of the collapse, but they are in general agreement that it was a gradual process of disintegration rather than a sudden dramatic event.’
    fiasco, failure, catastrophe, disaster, disintegration, mess, wreck, ruin
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    1. 1.1The process of coming to pieces.
      ‘the disintegration of infected cells’
      • ‘Their lack of a cell wall often results in disintegration or severe distortion when preserved, so they must be examined live for any possible identification.’
      • ‘In some cases, germ cells appeared to be in various stages of disintegration.’
      • ‘We have the disintegration of the shuttle orbiter.’
      • ‘It's pretty clear that nothing untoward precipitated the disintegration of the Columbia spaceshuttle upon its re-entry.’
      • ‘Aerenchyma is formed by cell separation or selective cell death and disintegration.’
      • ‘The history of the universe in its periodic passage from evolution to dissolution is conceived as a biological process of gradual and relentless deterioration, disintegration, and decay.’
      • ‘The board said that one major piece of foam and at least two minor pieces fell off the shuttle, struck the wing, and ultimately led to its disintegration.’
      • ‘In 1988, just 11 ounce were enough to blow a hole in the fuselage of Flight 103 and cause the aircraft's disintegration, killing 270 people.’
      • ‘Remember two-and - a-half years ago, a piece of debris struck the left wing and was a fatal breach that ultimately let to the disintegration of the vehicle and the loss of the crew.’
      • ‘Had the foam hit, it could have caused the same type of damage that led to the disintegration of the shuttle Columbia over Texas on February 1, 2003.’
      • ‘Loss of red cells into the subcutaneous tissue, followed by their disintegration, causes the brown color change in the skin (nemosidcrin deposits).’
      • ‘Necrosis is a spontaneous and unregulated process that results in disintegration of the cell membrane and its organelles.’
      • ‘To add a little spice to the mission, the teams are also running a competition to see who can most accurately predict - in the event of cometal disintegration - the paths of any pieces during the 1000 solar orbits after impact.’
      • ‘A longer-term effect would be if the disintegration led to a meltdown of the grounded West Antarctic ice sheet, which would cause the world's oceans to rise by up to 5 metres.’
      • ‘During fruit softening, pectins and hemicelluloses typically undergo solubilization and depolymerization that are thought to contribute to cell wall loosening and disintegration.’
    2. 1.2Physics A process in which a nucleus or other subatomic particle emits a smaller particle or divides into smaller particles.
      • ‘A disintegration per second is also known as a Becquerel (Bq).’
      • ‘The implant is electrically isolated from active participation in the electrolytic disintegration which occurs when a current is applied to the wire.’
      • ‘A nucleus can find itself in an excited state when, for example, it has just been created through the disintegration of another radioactive nucleus.’
      • ‘Homocysteine also causes DNA strand breakage, resulting in mitochondrial membrane damage, nuclear disintegration, and apoptosis of neuronal cells.’
      • ‘The disintegration of the nucleus produces one alpha particle.’
      • ‘There is radon gas in uranium mines because the disintegration of uranium leads to radium, which then forms radon as shown in the equation above.’
      wearing away, abrasion, scraping away, grinding down, crumbling, wear and tear, weathering, dissolving, dissolution
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