Definition of discipline in US English:

discipline

noun

  • 1The practice of training people to obey rules or a code of behavior, using punishment to correct disobedience.

    ‘a lack of proper parental and school discipline’
    • ‘They know that forms of discipline which reward good behaviour, rather than punishing the bad, are more effective, safer and promote better relationships at home.’
    • ‘Institutionalization of discipline and dress codes is another strategy used to curb violence.’
    • ‘‘Those who are responsible for this… will be punished according to the army discipline and rules,’ he said.’
    • ‘So great is the concern for discipline that some parents will even be insistent that their child receives harsh, practically militaristic, discipline.’
    • ‘She said schools were reminded in 1994 that behaviour and discipline codes should include measures to counter bullying behaviour.’
    • ‘Sparta was, as you know, a military state, so to be ‘Spartan’ is to adhere to a code of military discipline.’
    • ‘A second possible interpretation emerges when parents' discussions of discipline practices are considered.’
    • ‘It is important to distinguish between discipline and punishment.’
    • ‘In 1923 parliament began to revise the code of military discipline.’
    • ‘To bring in the law as a big stick with which to beat parents of recalcitrant kids implies that there can be no discipline: only punishment.’
    • ‘And that fear is always accompanied by the threat of discipline, punishment, and violence.’
    • ‘Alongside the obsession with test results goes an insistence on discipline and harsh punishment of bad behaviour.’
    • ‘A healthy family will set codes of behaviour, discipline and boundaries, which allow for some flexibility, but are consistent and always recognise the individuality of its members.’
    • ‘Along with the other cadets, he rose before dawn, kept his quarters neat, attended class and adhered to a military code of discipline.’
    • ‘His rule reveals an extremely severe discipline and detailed penal code.’
    • ‘This legal code dealt with military discipline, criminal law and societal customs and regulation.’
    • ‘The rules of discipline were not casually administered.’
    • ‘They need rules and discipline not tea and sympathy for their wrongdoings.’
    • ‘Although the rhetoric of the military is all about discipline, the daily practice of the troops is a cut throat entrepreneurialism.’
    • ‘When parents set rules for discipline, children need to understand and respect the rules, which is possible only through communication and mutual respect.’
    control, regulation, direction, order, authority, rule, strictness, a firm hand
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    1. 1.1 The controlled behavior resulting from discipline.
      ‘he was able to maintain discipline among his men’
      • ‘She displays all the skills of her craft with discipline controlled by passion.’
      • ‘In most cases it takes lots of self control and discipline, but it is the lack of those particular qualities in a majority of players that keeps the casino gaming industry thriving.’
      • ‘It also suggested that a high level of formalism, discipline, and control is required for flexibility to be achieved.’
      • ‘It takes discipline or self control on the part of the trainer to make the horse into a disciple or follower, to cause the horse to willingly follow your lead.’
      • ‘‘There is insufficient discipline on controlling costs in local government,’ he said.’
      • ‘It seems to me that this House cannot have it both ways, and that we need some consistency here in order to maintain discipline.’
      • ‘It all becomes a matter of control or discipline or regard for other's situations despite your own wants.’
      • ‘They believe in instilling a deep sense of self-respect and discipline among students.’
      • ‘At the time, his playing impressed me with its discipline, control, intelligence, and gorgeous sound, all directly in the service of the music.’
      • ‘Due to the complex flow process, absence of lane markings and avoidance of regulatory measures, drivers are not able to maintain lane discipline.’
      • ‘As a result, what this recording lacks in kinetic excitement it gains in discipline and controlled wit.’
      • ‘Organised and efficient, others admire and respect their discipline, control and eloquence.’
      • ‘That meant tight budgetary discipline to control inflation, reduce the deficit and moderate the volume of public debt.’
      • ‘This was done purely to bring about discipline among the players and maintain its dignity.’
      • ‘Here, the battle commanders had been able to maintain a semblance of discipline and control.’
      • ‘The victory guaranteed them top place in their group and was deserved after they defended with discipline and controlled a game which witnessed several crowd incidents.’
      • ‘Traditionalists see crime and poverty as largely the result of a breakdown in social discipline or self control.’
      • ‘More than ever before, the working men of Chicago had to conform to new standards of industrial discipline and self control.’
      • ‘What's needed from me is a little bit more control and discipline.’
      • ‘Fasting is all about self control and discipline.’
      control, regulation, direction, order, authority, rule, strictness, a firm hand
      self-control, self-discipline, self-government, control, controlled behaviour, self-restraint
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    2. 1.2 Activity or experience that provides mental or physical training.
      ‘the tariqa offered spiritual discipline’
      ‘Kung fu is a discipline open to old and young’
      • ‘Yoga as a means to mental and physical discipline and well being is also taught.’
      • ‘It's a very physical discipline, how do you prepare for it?’
      • ‘Thirty-five sports disciplines and four cultural activities will be offered during seven days of competitions.’
      • ‘For many spiritually oriented folks, this can include providing compassionate service or maintaining spiritual disciplines such as meditation.’
      • ‘A group of friends and I have aimed to practice and develop bodybuilding in our city so as to show the aesthetic and physical profits of this discipline.’
      • ‘"Just how do they favour certain sports disciplines over others.’
      • ‘In fact, the Roller Skating School has endeavoured to popularise this all-year sport as a physical training discipline in schools and colleges.’
      • ‘However, to be continuously successful at any physical discipline requires that you be sincere to yourself and dedicated to the game.’
      • ‘The government has also arrested thousands of practitioners of a spiritual discipline that primarily involves physical exercise and meditation.’
      • ‘The group time must include some portion devoted to prayer and other spiritual disciplines.’
      • ‘Shinto reinforced already strongly-established national notions of spiritual discipline and physical fitness.’
      • ‘The practice of kata, as a lifelong physical discipline, is, however, an appropriate method of practice for older people.’
      • ‘Yoga, you might be interested to know, is the oldest physical discipline in existence.’
      • ‘Though meditation is the main religious discipline practiced by convert Buddhists, chanted liturgies are an important part of many meditations.’
      • ‘This new series explores a traditional spiritual discipline that offers sound guidance to help you cultivate the qualities of your soul.’
      teaching, tuition, coaching, tutoring, education, schooling, tutelage, pedagogy, andragogy
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    3. 1.3 A system of rules of conduct.
      ‘he doesn't have to submit to normal disciplines’
      • ‘It goes back to the basics of art in film by a self-imposed discipline of 10 ‘rules'.’
      • ‘The increase in support was possible because many domestic programs are exempt from World Trade Organization disciplines.’
      • ‘He said there was a system of disciplines to deal with the problem and he said he had no doubt that the safeguards would be removed ‘at an early stage.’’
      • ‘With normal investment disciplines applied, this approach could easily yield returns at 150 percent of the S&P 500.’
      • ‘Self-regulation would be fine in an environment in which the normal disciplines of the market, including bankruptcy in some extreme cases, were allowed to function in full.’
      • ‘The former were to be policed and controlled, the latter discouraged through the disciplines of increasingly marketized welfare.’
      • ‘They affirmed that existing and emerging regional trading agreements should be consistent with WTO rules and disciplines.’
      • ‘It must be driven from the top, because the implementation is not just the system, but a discipline.’
      • ‘Nevertheless, morality is intelligible only as a social discipline based on general rules impartially applied.’
      • ‘The move away from national capitalisms to a more uniform system based on market disciplines has contributed to the undermining of the legitimacy of governments in Europe.’
      • ‘The discipline system is focussed on the values project.’
      • ‘It blurs the division between foreign and domestic policy, increases competitive pressures in markets, and makes globally-based trade rules and disciplines even more important.’
      • ‘It will be negotiated in conformity with the rules and disciplines of the World Trade Organisation.’
      • ‘That type of activity was only feasible and could only be guaranteed to have sufficient quality if an organisation had all the disciplines, funding and support to do it, he said.’
      • ‘When we go to Japan, we go there knowing all the rules and all the disciplines and how to participate in the game.’
  • 2A branch of knowledge, typically one studied in higher education.

    ‘sociology is a fairly new discipline’
    • ‘In turn, oral history has become more integrated into the discipline of history.’
    • ‘With the exception of history and art history, graduate students and contingent faculty teach more than half of the courses offered in the disciplines studied.’
    • ‘Both men draw not only from their own disciplines but from their knowledge of history, sociology, and literature.’
    • ‘These scholars are commonly based in universities and research academies in the disciplines of philosophy, history, and literature.’
    • ‘Not for nothing are the branches of science called disciplines.’
    • ‘Success seems to be a goal for all disciplines of psychology.’
    • ‘The project is even a little ironic, considering the history of the discipline of geography.’
    • ‘Although similar to other inductive processes, this methodology differs in that it emerges from the discipline of sociology.’
    • ‘Though it offers some of the most striking recent samples, history is not the only discipline in which scholarship has been put at risk.’
    • ‘Historians borrowed from such disciplines as political science, linguistics, economics, and philosophy.’
    • ‘With such technology, individual scholars may even be able to afford to own the entire recorded knowledge of their disciplines.’
    • ‘Affiliative identities result from choices of academic discipline, graduate school, mentoring networks, and employing institution.’
    • ‘The continuing development of comprehensive universities should allow them to extend their knowledge base in multiple disciplines and fields.’
    • ‘This environment fostered new regional journals and a growing range of specialist journals catering to the interests of historians working in the branches of the discipline.’
    • ‘Anthropology is a social science discipline whose primary object of study has traditionally been non-Western, tribal societies.’
    • ‘Medicine and law were the first disciplines to professionalize their knowledge.’
    • ‘Many academic disciplines have defined keys journals in their field, but health education has failed to do so.’
    • ‘Different academic disciplines are characterized (in part) by their distinct approaches to substantiating knowledge.’
    • ‘Nowhere is that liberal ideology so powerful as in the discipline of economics".’
    • ‘Historians of psychology frequently grumble about the marginal status of historical scholarship within the discipline of psychology.’
    field, field of study, branch of knowledge, course of study, subject, area
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verb

[with object]
  • 1Train (someone) to obey rules or a code of behavior, using punishment to correct disobedience.

    ‘many parents have been afraid to discipline their children’
    • ‘The teachers seemed for the most part to hate their jobs, and spent more time disciplining students than they did actually teaching.’
    • ‘Physical punishment is not the most effective way to discipline children.’
    • ‘Older people overwhelmingly feel that children have less respect for the older generation and older people are unable to discipline their children and grandchildren.’
    • ‘The slant-eyed boy took a little longer, but showed the same obstinate behavior and the sheriff had to discipline him accordingly.’
    • ‘The problem seems to be less the availability of the drug than the fact that society has lost confidence in its ability to educate and discipline children.’
    • ‘This means more than just teaching us and disciplining us.’
    • ‘To effectively discipline a child, parents must have set rules and reasons to reinforce them.’
    • ‘If anything, I called for the reinstatement of teachers' powers to discipline students, including the administering of corporal punishment.’
    • ‘Equally, while a parent cannot be made to love his child, he can be limited by the law in how far he can use physical punishment to discipline his child.’
    • ‘It is also a dishonest campaign, since most of its proponents object to any form of punishment that parents use to discipline their children.’
    • ‘Spanking is not just a right parents have when dealing with their children; nor is it just a necessary tool for training and disciplining children.’
    • ‘If a good father disciplines his child to teach him, and a bad father punishes his child to let out frustration, a terrible father shows no interest at all.’
    • ‘‘We do believe in disciplining our children to stop them behaving badly,’ she said.’
    • ‘This behaviour only started recently after she was disciplined for throwing food in the classroom, but I have to admit I am not sure of what to do next.’
    • ‘Even teachers are reluctant to intervene and often feel it is not their responsibility to discipline young people.’
    • ‘One thing disciplining a child has taught me is that you need to keep iron control over your temper and watch what you do - because your child is watching and taking cues from your behavior.’
    • ‘Since the government banned corporal punishment in schools, teachers think they cannot discipline the children.’
    • ‘On other occasions I delved into very personal issues, such as problems with in-laws or disciplining children.’
    • ‘It must thus be proper to punish the parents by calling them from work so they can discipline their child to ensure compliance with the code of conduct of the school.’
    • ‘A state's truant officers can also discipline the parents of delinquent students if they either aid or condone their children's misconduct.’
    train, drill, teach, school, coach, educate, regiment, indoctrinate
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    1. 1.1 Punish or rebuke (someone) formally for an offense.
      ‘a member of the staff was to be disciplined by management’
      • ‘If I am breaking union rules, let them discipline me.’
      • ‘He should be reprimanded and disciplined in the same manner as players and managers.’
      • ‘Managers at the hospital have been disciplined following an investigation.’
      • ‘During the flight the production manager spoke of how he had had to discipline one of his staff for lateness.’
      • ‘The secretary of the Footballers' Association said there were already heavy punishments available to discipline footballers.’
      • ‘Regulatory law may demand that the rules be legally enforceable and that members be disciplined for their breach.’
      • ‘The brigade commander will be disciplined for failing to manage his troops properly.’
      • ‘Several staff have been disciplined and one senior manager is understood to have quit since the scandal.’
      • ‘About a decade ago, seeking to give managers more power, the department instituted binding arbitration for disciplining officers.’
      • ‘Depending on who the line manager was, you could be disciplined for not wearing it, and that was unacceptable.’
      • ‘Have they been fired, disciplined or reprimanded?’
      • ‘I requested that the officers be disciplined and properly trained.’
      • ‘Only one state board had disciplined a physician for undertreatment of pain.’
      • ‘The body claims that people have been held accountable; senior management were disciplined and lost their bonuses.’
      • ‘The deputies were later disciplined for offences that included not stopping the beating and not writing up a report about it.’
      • ‘It is the job of supervisory departments and public prosecutors to discipline and punish the relevant departments.’
      • ‘Management officials disciplined all of them with punishments ranging from a one-week layoff to discharge.’
      • ‘I'm not saying that the analysts don't deserve to be disciplined or punished.’
      • ‘Could I go to section 10, the power to discipline by way of reprimand.’
      • ‘To help enforce these new restrictions, the programme-makers have also introduced a formal disciplining mechanism.’
      punish, penalize, take disciplinary action against, bring to book
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    2. 1.2discipline oneself to do something Train oneself to do something in a controlled and habitual way.
      ‘every month discipline yourself to go through the file’
      • ‘Also I need to give myself lots of study time because I loathe studying and I'm rather bad at disciplining myself to do it.’
      • ‘Like many of the students on his course he finds mathematics difficult and has been unable to discipline himself to distribute the workload evenly throughout the term.’
      • ‘You must discipline yourself to eat properly, with what is available where you live.’
      • ‘I started my blog in order to discipline myself to write every day.’
      • ‘Finally, he said, he disciplined himself to represent each image faithfully by hand.’
      • ‘This is a difficult task and a constant battle, but I firmly believe that by disciplining ourselves to work together as one, it is the only way to achieve true peace and happiness.’
      • ‘Managers have to discipline themselves to set clear goals and measurable outcomes for teleworking employees rather than acting as timekeepers.’
      • ‘Developing a financial plan means taking control of what you have now and disciplining yourself to manage your money to reach those goals you have set for yourself and your family.’
      • ‘Set your clock a half hour earlier and discipline yourself to arrive early for work or appointments.’
      • ‘To control risks, you'll need to set targets - and discipline yourself to follow them.’
      • ‘As a jockey I disciplined myself to put money aside to pay my tax bills, which were for tens of thousands of pounds.’
      • ‘Read something you disagree with and discipline yourself to analyze why you disagree.’
      • ‘Thirdly, we have to discipline ourselves to begin to train.’
      • ‘Arranging regular practice with a group of skaters is a great way to discipline yourself to work on technique often.’
      • ‘This time out, however, he disciplines himself to reach the goal.’
      • ‘'Over the last year I found it hard to discipline myself to get on with my work', she said.’
      • ‘It amazed him how much these people had to discipline themselves to stay that way.’
      • ‘I really must discipline myself to get up and wake up.’
      • ‘Little by little, discipline yourself to meditate at the same time each day.’
      • ‘See, there's a reason I discipline myself to be faithful to electronic media.’

Origin

Middle English (in the sense ‘mortification by scourging oneself’): via Old French from Latin disciplina ‘instruction, knowledge’, from discipulus (see disciple).

Pronunciation

discipline

/ˈdisəplən//ˈdɪsəplən/