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(in ecclesiastical law) a factor that invalidates a marriage, such as the existence of a prior marriage.
- ‘Lastly, there are certain circumstances that hinder the marriage contract and render it invalid; these are called diriment impediments.’
- ‘The canons of the Council of Trent, which pronounce censure of anathema against those who deny to the Church the right of laying down what are diriment impediments, either are not dogmatic, or must be understood as referring only to such borrowed power.’
- ‘Further, Of these diriment impediments some are temporary, as defect of age, and some are perpetual, such as Holy Orders.’
- ‘On its completion the novice makes the usual vows of religion, the simple vow of chastity in the Society having the force of a diriment impediment to matrimony.’
- ‘A further reason is that the Church claims jurisdiction over such mixed marriages, institutes diriment impediments to them, and grants dispensations.’
- ‘If a diriment impediment exists and consent is exchanged, no marriage is contracted.’
- ‘However, if after a marriage, a couple divorces and they can prove that a diriment impediment existed at the moment of consent, the marriage is declared null.’
- ‘The reason for this is that a prior marriage is only a diriment impediment to marriage, when it is truly valid.’
- ‘Respondent Judge knew or ought to know that a subsisting previous marriage is a diriment impediment, which would make the subsequent marriage null and void.’
- ‘But would not a more detailed and carefully delineated list of diriment impediments to solemn vows deal adequately with most such cases, providing objective grounds for declaring the vows null and void to begin with?’
- ‘The Second Lateran Council seems to have enacted the first written law making sacred orders a diriment impediment to marriage for the universal Church.’
- ‘Of course this is notwithstanding that failure to receive dispensation from form invalidates marriages where diriment impediments are not present.’
Mid 19th century: diriment from Latin diriment- interrupting from the verb dirimere.
diriment impediment/ˌdirəmənt imˈpedəmənt/
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