Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
State control of economic and social matters.
- ‘From forcefully chaperoning the merger of two French pharmaceutical giants to shoring up ailing engineering group Alstom, Sarkozy has been giving new meaning to the old concept of dirigisme.’
- ‘Examples of active industrial policy range from the French tradition of indicative economic planning or dirigisme to the various degrees of government support and direction in East Asia.’
- ‘The collapse of communism finally undid socialist dirigisme.’
- ‘Mr Chirac is on the right but, like most of the French right, his economics owe more to dirigisme than Adam Smith.’
- ‘The French have ditched their rhetoric of diversity to indulge in traditional dirigisme: the building of a fortress company to defend French interests.’
- ‘At first sight, you might think this fact vindicates economic dirigisme - but only if you had no idea what the Italian state is actually like.’
- ‘The large bureaucracies that implement dirigisme are a dead weight on society, but support the ruling elites with whom they share the spoils.’
- ‘One corollary of war-state dirigisme - especially in the United States - is that centrist left parties will re-badge themselves as the new economic rationalists.’
- ‘Will Coalition governments now talk about spending money according to the imperatives of this new dirigisme?’
- ‘Dormois, like The Economist, is a critic of French economic policy (its taste for dirigisme, its inability to rely on competition, its illiteracy in ‘orthodox’ economics).’
- ‘Look, no Ministers of Transport, no Euro-directives, no dirigisme.’
- ‘While coal producers were ambiguous about supranational dirigisme, most of them hoping for some degree of support for their troubled industry, steel producers were generally hostile to this aspect of the Schuman Plan.’
- ‘Where it was once frozen in dirigisme under Edward Heath, it became respectable to call for privatisation and deregulation.’
- ‘Even the public sector-infatuated Scottish public is beginning to doubt the gospel of dirigisme.’
- ‘Whether called French dirigisme… the quest for shareholder value… or dynamic American capitalism, they all have the same bitter aftertaste: neither voters, retirees, nor shareholders are likely to get what they were promised.’
- ‘At the heart of Europe's reticence to follow the USA into the information free-for-all is a curious mixture of Continental, right wing dirigisme and social democratic, anti - market prejudice.’
- ‘Monti, too, has voiced dismay over reinvigorated dirigisme.’
- ‘Thus, the governing élite of united Italy adopted dirigisme and an active role of the state in the economy under the pressure of events, rather than for theoretical reasons.’
- ‘Instead, the Bush administration opted for the type of dirigisme one normally associates with a country such as France.’
1950s: from French, from the verb diriger, from Latin dirigere to direct.
Are you looking for a word for a foolish person? We explore twelve interesting words to describe the dunderheads in your life.
Before you run for the hills, let’s run through a list of ‘run’ expressions that are running through our minds.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.