Definition of diploid in US English:

diploid

adjective

Genetics
  • 1(of a cell or nucleus) containing two complete sets of chromosomes, one from each parent.

    Compare with haploid
    • ‘Oocytes and sperm are haploid, with one set of chromosomes, whereas somatic cells are diploid, with two chromosomal sets.’
    • ‘However, to a low extent, viable spores can also be recovered from a very small population of homozygous diploid nuclei in an otherwise haploid plasmodium.’
    • ‘We started the experiments described below by establishing large populations of diploid cells.’
    • ‘We performed a similar experiment using h/h diploid cells as the host.’
    • ‘An obvious question is whether the mat bias is absent in azygotic meiosis after homologous chromosomes have coexisted in diploid cells for many mitotic divisions.’
    1. 1.1 (of an organism or part) composed of diploid cells.
      • ‘Currently, six major tetraploid races are recognized and their diploid progenitors have been identified.’
      • ‘The compactness of rice and sorghum genomes is evident compared to barley and diploid wheat genomes.’
      • ‘The practical application that is considered is the full-sib family of a diploid outbreeding species.’
      • ‘Note that copy numbers in tetraploids were slightly less than double those in respective diploid progenitors.’
      • ‘We examined the genetics of hybrid incompatibility between two closely related diploid hermaphroditic plant species.’

noun

Genetics
  • A diploid cell, organism, or species.

    • ‘In diploids, sexual reproduction promotes both the segregation of alleles at the same locus and the recombination of alleles at different loci.’
    • ‘Previous work has calculated the covariance expected under autosomal inheritance in diploids and haploids.’
    • ‘The diploid ancestor could not be identified because among the South American diploids there were no species matching in the FISH or RFLP pattern of rDNA.’
    • ‘Arabidopsis thaliana and many closely related species are diploids with relatively few recent gene duplications.’
    • ‘We conclude that the haploids had a greater frequency of mutant phenotypes than the diploids.’

Origin

Late 19th century: from Greek diplous ‘double’ + -oid.

Pronunciation

diploid

/ˈdipˌloid//ˈdɪpˌlɔɪd/