Definition of diffraction in English:

diffraction

noun

  • The process by which a beam of light or other system of waves is spread out as a result of passing through a narrow aperture or across an edge, typically accompanied by interference between the wave forms produced.

    • ‘Upon stretching the fiber, all the meridian reflections are shifted toward small angles of diffraction.’
    • ‘It is a fact of physics that all light beams suffer from diffraction; it was not thought that much could be done about it.’
    • ‘He related the amount of refraction of light, or diffraction of light, to its wavelength.’
    • ‘But the corona owes its origin to diffraction rather than refraction.’
    • ‘The sample chamber could be rotated to alter the incident angle for both reflective and transmissive diffraction.’
    • ‘This phenomenon is due to the diffraction of the electron beam by the material through which it passes.’
    • ‘This idea was forgotten about when the wave nature of light became apparent via diffraction experiments.’
    • ‘However, because of the wave nature of light, focused light is subject to diffraction.’
    • ‘The increase of experimental resolution in x-ray diffraction could open the way for the study of less dense aggregates.’
    • ‘But once the circuit elements get down to sizes close to the wavelength of light, diffraction begins to blur the circuit patterns as they are projected.’
    • ‘At the time of diffraction, the scale's grating causes the phase of diffracted light beams to change.’
    • ‘Even an in-focus image will exhibit some blurring due to the diffraction of light from the camera aperture.’
    • ‘Lipid phase behavior and the dimensions of the multibilayer systems were analyzed by x-ray diffraction.’
    • ‘A diffraction grating can accomplish the same separation of colors because of diffraction.’
    • ‘The other unit displays chaotic reflectors with large energy diffraction.’
    • ‘X-ray diffraction, electron microprobes, and single crystal studies would still be needed in most cases.’
    • ‘X-ray diffraction and time of flight neutron scattering confirmed the amorphous structure.’
    • ‘The relevant law in this case governs the diffraction of light as it passes the edges of an opening such as a telescope aperture.’
    • ‘Optically, pinhole images, because they are created by diffraction, are a recording of diffracted light.’
    • ‘He encouraged her to continue her scientific work and she continued successful work on x-ray diffraction in the Department of Physics.’

Pronunciation:

diffraction

/dəˈfrakSH(ə)n/