The Marxist theory (adopted as the official philosophy of the Soviet communists) that political and historical events result from the conflict of social forces and are interpretable as a series of contradictions and their solutions. The conflict is believed to be caused by material needs.
- ‘Gray describes it as a legitimate successor to that other secular utopian project, the Marxist version of dialectical materialism.’
- ‘Mills was a democratic populist whose vision also encouraged ‘plain Marxism,’ in which he sought to revive the humanistic values of the early Marx that preceded dialectical materialism.’
- ‘Marx wants to combine the active, dialectical side of idealist thought with the materialism of Feuerbach: hence dialectical materialism as later Marxists called it (though Marx himself never used this phrase).’
- ‘Historically the main spur to Marxists seeking such an alternative to the reductionist and the scientistic conception of dialectical materialism came from Max Weber.’