Definition of design in English:

design

noun

  • 1A plan or drawing produced to show the look and function or workings of a building, garment, or other object before it is built or made.

    ‘he has just unveiled his design for the new museum’
    • ‘Rather than rethinking our fundamental assumptions about organizational effectiveness, we have stayed preoccupied with charts and plans and designs.’
    • ‘They have the ability and the qualification to produce quality designs and buildings.’
    • ‘A flagship environmental centre has swept the boards in a prestigious contest to find the best building designs in Doncaster.’
    • ‘New designs for the building are set to go on display by Christmas.’
    • ‘When looking at building plans in the design stage, program is usually what's on everyone's mind.’
    • ‘In the product development area, suppliers are sharing designs and drawings.’
    • ‘If the public inquiry, which began on Tuesday, approves the scheme, the firm will produce the final designs to allow building to begin.’
    • ‘The management and business plan will be submitted to the Heritage Lottery Fund by January 31, along with restoration designs, plans, drawings and documents.’
    • ‘Awards are given to the best designs for outstanding new buildings, restoration projects, works of public art right through to landscape and urban design.’
    • ‘Workmen have spent most of the autumn restoring this fine building to its original design.’
    • ‘He said the design of the building, although it was contemporary, had many features which reflected a traditional type of development.’
    • ‘All building regulation requirements are already secured for the designs and the building work and financial support is carried out by partners in the Procure 1 company.’
    • ‘Several councillors objected to the designs of the buildings, despite the application being voted through.’
    • ‘Not long time back building designs & drawings was a pain in the neck by the hand using the conventional pen and paper on a drafting table.’
    • ‘Hence, room designs and floor plans are becoming more flexible to fit the homeowner's mood.’
    • ‘Children will also have the opportunity to create their own Lego designs in the building area and can have a free photograph of their own special Lego creation to take home.’
    • ‘I asked Lara whether crews had discovered problems during construction - poor building plans or designs or materials.’
    • ‘Planning officers said the design of the building was ‘bold and contemporary’ but did not detract from the area.’
    • ‘The location of the Quarter will depend on the developer's plans and designs and scale of buildings.’
    • ‘It says the building designs are ‘very mediocre’ and the materials foreign to York, collectively failing to reflect anything of the city's character.’
    plan, blueprint, drawing, scale drawing, sketch, outline, map, plot, diagram, delineation, draft, depiction, representation, artist's impression, scheme, model, prototype, proposal
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    1. 1.1 The art or action of conceiving of and producing a plan or drawing.
      ‘good design can help the reader understand complicated information’
      ‘the cloister is of late-twelfth-century design’
      • ‘Looking is the avenue to satisfaction to this film, since the set and production design are as flawless as in the first movie.’
      • ‘The course will focus on creative design for productive suburban food gardens, and on water saving techniques.’
      • ‘We believe that in the field of creative design and display we have a team of winners.’
      • ‘We are trying to encourage many young people to see this as a worthwhile career which has prospects for moving into design and product development.’
      • ‘Most of the books I've read are on design and creative matters.’
      • ‘The students have shown what can be achieved through creative design and the latest in printing technology.’
      • ‘Her technique is said to make it easier to tweak circuit design during production.’
      • ‘Then it is up to product and process design to come up with ways to turn those grand plans into profitable vehicles.’
      • ‘The set and light design, which was conceived of even before the script was written, was being touted as the main focus of the piece.’
      • ‘Others, such as the remnant of a ring of trees around the summit, may be signs of 18th century landscape design.’
      • ‘In the past its excellence in design and creativity has been also been acknowledged by judges in the European Newspaper Awards.’
      • ‘Some plans are difficult to administer, but this is often a result of complex design chosen by the plan sponsor.’
      • ‘Perhaps her best effort in creative design was her costumes.’
      • ‘The image is a bit dark yet that's a result of the actual production design and not the fault of the transfer itself.’
      • ‘If the landscaping of the country house was at the cutting edge of garden design in the eighteenth century, the urban park was its successor.’
      • ‘The result is that component design is rarely conceived of in such a way that lends itself to automated manufacturing.’
      • ‘Skincare packaging, too, has accelerated into the 21st century in terms of design.’
      • ‘So that's how I started, doing costumes and sets, and then art direction and production design.’
      • ‘But… why then do the rest of the world not pay any attention to our creativity in industrial or product design.’
      • ‘She teaches design and drawing in the Interior and Environmental Design departments.’
  • 2An arrangement of lines or shapes created to form a pattern or decoration.

    ‘pottery with a lovely blue and white design’
    • ‘Since it was still fairly early, she grabbed a blue nightgown with a pattern design of autumn leafs on it.’
    • ‘His granddaughter related that ‘Peter made his own designs and patterns.’’
    • ‘This work is done in long and short darn stitch created into innumerable designs and patterns.’
    • ‘Each has its own design, some achieving incredibly delicate results on granite.’
    • ‘The youngsters are working together on silk printing, using designs and patterns from the hall.’
    • ‘It was used by my grandmother and her mother before her as a means of chalking decorative patterns and designs upon the slate hearthstone and doorstep.’
    • ‘What's more, there are varying designs on the garments, like embroidered pitch-stitch flowers.’
    • ‘And of course, stylised colour patterns and designs are used as marks and attractions of their own species for mating purposes.’
    • ‘And for those who take up the craft of drawing designs on glass, there is a range of over 60 shades of glass deco colours, available in India for the first time.’
    • ‘It featured exuberant decorative patterns, designs in the brickwork and wooden attachments.’
    • ‘Some crystal or fine glassware has a gilt design or edge on the rim of glass or as a decorative design or a patterned glass dish.’
    • ‘The inner face of the top band is olive/rust shot taffeta patterned with a floral design.’
    • ‘Along the footpaths, young women whose faces were decorated with patterned designs of powdered bark, bore heavy trays of limes on their heads.’
    • ‘Coming in light shades and with little designs, the garments had been designed for winter use.’
    • ‘Bricklaying is one of the oldest handcrafts, it is the assembling of bricks, blocks and stone in various patterns and designs.’
    • ‘Ethnic looks still sell, while the calming influence of Asian designs and nature-inspired patterns has remained strong.’
    • ‘The traditional patterns are all geometric designs and have been passed down through time, generation to generation.’
    • ‘Colors of amber were matched and sketches made for patterns so that mosaic designs would be accurately shaped.’
    • ‘The pods are intricately lacquered with blue and white Indian designs.’
    • ‘With cool patterns and intricate designs, these are sure to appeal to women folk at the very first sight.’
    pattern, motif, device
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  • 3Purpose, planning, or intention that exists or is thought to exist behind an action, fact, or material object.

    ‘the appearance of design in the universe’
    • ‘The design behind these incidents was undoubtedly to give it a communal colour.’
    • ‘A second argument draws from the appearance of design in the universe the conclusion that there must be a Designer.’
    • ‘These kosmoi are impermanent, and are not accounted for by purpose or design.’
    • ‘Neither its design nor its purpose has changed in that time.’
    • ‘The three winners are different in scale, design and purpose, yet they are linked by their modernity.’
    intention, aim, purpose, plan, intent, objective, object, goal, end, target, point, hope, desire, wish, dream, aspiration, ambition, idea
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verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Decide upon the look and functioning of (a building, garment, or other object), by making a detailed drawing of it.

    ‘a number of architectural students were designing a factory’
    as adjective with submodifier ‘specially designed buildings’
    • ‘The competition involved the pupils designing, building and programming a robot.’
    • ‘The amount of engineering that goes into designing, building and testing a rocket is staggering.’
    • ‘Thomas also offers services such as designing, building, and hosting suppliers' Web sites.’
    • ‘During his teaching tenure here, he also started designing, building and offering consultancy services.’
    • ‘So the building was deliberately designed to function both as a station and as a fort.’
    • ‘He sees architects today designing intelligent and space-efficient buildings.’
    • ‘Although both buildings were originally designed to accommodate only offices they were being used as residences.’
    • ‘The surface area can be designed to customer specifications.’
    • ‘The new building would be designed with high security measures in a bid to discourage damage.’
    • ‘No one in the history of architecture had gone about designing a building in this way.’
    • ‘A system was therefore designed which creates commercial credit through the income tax code.’
    • ‘How the steel twisted during failure may help architects design safer buildings in the future.’
    • ‘At that point in his career, the young architect had no experience designing such large buildings.’
    • ‘A competition will be launched to decide who will design the new buildings.’
    • ‘Of course buildings must be designed with consideration of how they will fit in.’
    • ‘They are working on a real estate project, designing apartment buildings as well as the interior decoration.’
    • ‘He is best known for helping to design the House of Commons.’
    • ‘When we complete the interviews next week we will have selected a firm to work with the staff, students and faculty to design the building.’
    • ‘They were designed by the artist in the late 1920s and the early 1930s.’
    • ‘Lists of buildings designed by fashionable architects can be applied to most tertiary campuses, both city and regional.’
    plan, draw plans of, draw, sketch, outline, map out, plot, block out, delineate, draft, depict
    invent, originate, create, think up, come up with, devise, form, formulate, conceive
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    1. 1.1 Do or plan (something) with a specific purpose or intention in mind.
      with object and infinitive ‘the tax changes were designed to stimulate economic growth’
      • ‘Despite measures designed to prevent such a possibility, a mix-up occurred.’
      • ‘The last budget contained measures designed to prevent future avoidance of capital gains tax.’
      • ‘The programme is especially designed to help and support people diagnosed with cancer and other life-threatening diseases.’
      • ‘Many brands and types of products are specifically designed to protect and restore your leather goods.’
      • ‘Handles, locks and hinges are specially designed to help defeat unauthorized attempts to open.’
      • ‘This equips the researchers to design studies in vitro that will allow them to improve animal welfare and reduce variability.’
      • ‘The centers were primarily designed to accommodate troops returning from overseas.’
      • ‘He said that any Government initiative designed to save lives was welcome.’
      • ‘The organisation will fund pilot studies and develop and implement educational programs designed to promote innovative methodologies in health disparities research.’
      • ‘And the masters and diploma courses are especially designed to fit into people's work commitments.’
      • ‘The latter programme was specially designed to assist voluntary groups in getting new projects established.’
      • ‘The government has announced initiatives designed to give the impression of a huge expansion of pre-school education.’
      • ‘The law was originally designed to protect the merchant navy from financial ruin during wartime.’
      • ‘The new website is designed to help students plan how they get to school or college.’
      • ‘Stuart, amongst others, disputes the contention that patents " were originally designed to protect small investors".’
      • ‘For instance, a lesson in science is designed primarily to help students develop academic concepts.’
      • ‘We review research on programs designed to promote family wellness and prevent the maltreatment of children.’
      • ‘Much like a chisel, or a dagger, tools designed for one purpose tend to follow a basic model.’
      • ‘Moreover, there have been numerous state and international initiatives designed to promote early childhood education.’
      • ‘They also in certain circumstances impose positive obligations to take measures designed to ensure that those rights are effectively protected.’
      intend, aim
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Phrases

  • by design

    • As a result of a plan; intentionally.

      ‘I became a presenter by default rather than by design’
      • ‘Lots of people are starting to suspect that's by design rather than by accident.’
      • ‘By default or by design, we're going to basically decide what kind of world we want to live in.’
      • ‘Well, it may seem obvious that they both are made by design or intent.’
      • ‘I think the media has traditionally had a liberal slant, but I don't think it's by design.’
      • ‘The Swedish example did not happen by accident - it happened by design.’
      • ‘It's hard to judge how far this separation is by circumstance or by design.’
      • ‘If they did end up saving too little, they'd have done so by design rather than default.’
      • ‘He believes that such feelings developed more by accident rather than by design.’
      • ‘Far more by accident than by design, they start a small business.’
      • ‘By doing so, thought process and decision making can be taught by design, rather than left to chance.’
      deliberately, intentionally, on purpose, purposefully
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  • have designs on

    • Aim to obtain (something desired), typically in a secret and dishonest way.

      ‘he suspected her of having designs on the family fortune’
      • ‘We don't really have designs on their market share, but I do think what we learned might help us against our big rivals.’
      • ‘It's very well done and worthy of watching, especially if you have designs on surfing for life yourself.’
      • ‘At their meeting they warned potential candidates and political parties who had designs on exploiting the people locally in the run up to the General elections, to ‘back off in their cynical campaigns.’’
      • ‘The only way to avoid deaths on such a grand scale is to ensure someone who has designs on power are dealt with in the strictest manner at the earliest opportunity.’
      • ‘He emerged as sole leader of the opposition in 1263, but his position had weakened, for many magnates suspected him of having designs on the throne.’
      • ‘Both have designs on a rich post-secondary career, but did poorly enough on the pre-test to consider drastic measures.’
      • ‘We still have designs on taking that third spot and qualifying for Europe.’
      • ‘She had designs on the job herself but she did not get the required support.’
      • ‘But I know there are some people who have designs on making some bets next Sunday.’
      • ‘And they have designs on ailing industries, such as airlines.’

Origin

Late Middle English (as a verb in the sense ‘to designate’): from Latin designare ‘to designate’, reinforced by French désigner. The noun is via French from Italian.

Pronunciation

design

/dəˈzaɪn//dəˈzīn/