One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1A kind of crane with a movable pivoted arm for moving or lifting heavy weights, especially on a ship.
winch, hoist, davit, windlass, tackle, block and tackle, lifting gearView synonyms
- ‘The vessel to be fitted with winches, derricks, wheels and ordinary runners capable of handling lifts up to 2 tons.’
- ‘Timbers for the largest derricks could not be provided locally, so they were shipped from the West and the South.’
- ‘The derrick cranes being used for erection were then moved forward to the next segment and the cycle was repeated.’
- ‘Today, two derrick cranes will move the heavy reactor and its related equipment to a trailer with 360 wheels on the pier.’
- ‘The ship is self-sufficient in that it has its own derricks enabling to load and unload all over the world.’
2The framework over an oil well or similar boring that holds the drilling machinery.
- ‘Oil wells no longer require derricks, so west county's 7,000 rickety towers are largely gone.’
- ‘There were oil derricks and natural gas pipelines, grain elevators six stories high.’
- ‘A few nameless shrubs, oil derricks and transmission towers line the far edges of the highway.’
- ‘Soon drilling derricks, pipelines and roads carved up the region, and oil spills polluted lakes and rivers.’
- ‘A 350 ft derrick will support the six-mile drill pipe, which could take more than a year to drive through the crust.’
Early 17th century (denoting a hangman, also the gallows): from Derrick, the surname of a London hangman.
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