Definition of depressive in English:



  • 1Causing feelings of hopelessness, despondency, and dejection.

    • ‘Eventually he moved away from the melancholic, depressive themes towards authentic descriptions of villagers and country life.’
    • ‘However, persistent severe depressive moods are not part of the ‘normal’ spectrum of behaviour.’
    • ‘We get the feeling that seeing a woman walk out the door with her suitcases packed is a biannual event for Don, yet it sets him into a depressive tailspin.’
    • ‘I pushed myself to attend two hours of scriptwriting and rather than delve deeper into depressive moods, I just walked out of class and back home.’
    • ‘I didn't realize what a depressive rut I'd been in for the last couple of months.’
    • ‘The best punk rock, or whatever, always comes from the most depressive governments.’
    • ‘By contrast, British pop, fuelled by speed and e, moves in fits and starts, breaks and loops, sudden surges, depressive longeurs and doublings-back.’
    • ‘The depressive group are sitting quietly after ten minutes, the happy group are all chatting, but both groups deny they've been influenced by statements.’
    • ‘It wasn't a superior put down, or depressive lament.’
    • ‘The rest of the album meanders about in cliché depressive lyrics that fails to convey any real emotion.’
    • ‘Instead I'm indulging in depressive whingeing because I needed the best possible conditions to start tackling a heavier workload and everything seems to have gone pear shaped.’
    • ‘With my other journal no longer safe, this is slowly morphing into what it was (to a far lesser extent): a collection of mostly depressive snapshots.’
    • ‘There was scarcely a subject on which he could not discourse with humor and invention, from the depressive mood of the country to its other civic troubles.’
    • ‘I have been credited with the accolade of the most compulsively depressive blog and that is not without reason.’
    • ‘Occasionally you're thrown a jolt by something resembling French pop, but the shock subsides once you're into the next depressive acoustic number.’
    1. 1.1Medicine Relating to or tending to suffer from clinical depression.
      ‘a depressive illness’
      • ‘We have listened carefully to the evidence which has been adduced regarding your state of mind and accept that you have suffered from a depressive illness.’
      • ‘The results are still being analysed but researchers say care home residents are enjoying life more and suffering less depressive illness.’
      • ‘However, elderly patients are the main group suffering seriously from depressive illnesses.’
      • ‘Women who do meet the criteria for a clinical depressive episode are referred for standard treatment.’
      • ‘In any given year, 9.5 percent of the population suffer from a depressive illness.’
    2. 1.2Causing a reduction in strength, effectiveness, or value.
      ‘steroids have a depressive effect on the immune system’
      • ‘Drugs such as the opioid antagonist naloxone and the benzodiazepine antagonist flumazenil may be used to counter the respiratory depressive effects of these drugs.’
      • ‘Due to a respiratory depressive effect, a benzodiazepine may limit the amount of opioid that can be given; may cause mental status changes.’
      • ‘These essential fatty acids have a depressive effect on inflammatory cytokines, thus stopping the domino nature of the inflammatory response.’
      • ‘The drug appeared to have no observable depressive effect on respiratory rate.’
      • ‘Because of a similar depressive effect on left ventricular contractility, esmolol should be used with caution if initial treatment with a calcium channel blocker is not successful.’


  • A person suffering from or with a tendency to suffer from depression.

    • ‘For both severe and mild depressives, the problem may lie in the amount of sunlight they get.’
    • ‘Phase-advancing sleep may be a useful treatment for depressives who eschew medication.’
    • ‘Other reports relate the attentional deficit among depressives to reduced processing capacity.’
    • ‘They agree that those who do not share this identity cannot understand the suffering that depressives experience.’
    • ‘Melancholic depressives may also ruminate over the same thoughts and experiences, and feel excessive guilt.’