Definition of dendrite in English:

dendrite

noun

  • 1Physiology
    A short branched extension of a nerve cell, along which impulses received from other cells at synapses are transmitted to the cell body.

    Compare with axon
    • ‘Gray matter, made up of the bodies of nerve cells and their connecting dendrites, is where the brain's heavy lifting is done.’
    • ‘Axons transmit messages to other neurons; dendrites receive messages from other neurons' axons.’
    • ‘Two types of nerve processes extend from the soma, axons, which conduct the nerve impulse away from the soma, and dendrites, which conduct nerve impulses toward it.’
    • ‘Axons send signals to other cells and dendrites receive them.’
    • ‘The dendrites and axon terminals of individual neurons can be extensively branched; a single neuron can receive as many as 100,000 different inputs.’
  • 2A crystal or crystalline mass with a branching, treelike structure.

    • ‘The foundryman can control the fineness of dendrite structure by controlling the rate of solidification.’
    • ‘Lithium metal may also be plated out as crystalline dendrites that ultimately penetrate the separator and cause an internal short-circuit of the cell.’
    • ‘Not only were neurons structured with more dendrites, they also ‘fired’ electrical signals more rapidly and sustained their firing for longer periods of time, the study showed.’
    • ‘The branching dendrites found in moss agate were created by mineral deposits of manganese and iron trapped in fissures within the rock.’
    • ‘Spatial dendrites are three-dimensional crystals with intermediate terminal velocities.’
    1. 2.1 A natural treelike or mosslike marking on a piece of rock or mineral.
      • ‘One is reminded of the famous fernlike markings on the Solnhofen fossils known as dendrites.’
      • ‘In the silver case, there is a particularly fine featherlike dendrite of native silver from the La Nevada mine, Chihuahua, Mexico.’
      • ‘Alan Charig et al. found that when he backwardly printed a negative photograph of the counterslab dendrite patterns, they match perfectly with the corresponding dendrites of the main slab.’
      • ‘It forms attractive dendrites on fracture surfaces.’

Origin

Early 18th century: from French, from Greek dendritēs treelike from dendron tree.

Pronunciation:

dendrite

/ˈdendrīt/