One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
A short branched extension of a nerve cell, along which impulses received from other cells at synapses are transmitted to the cell body.Compare with axon
- ‘Axons send signals to other cells and dendrites receive them.’
- ‘Axons transmit messages to other neurons; dendrites receive messages from other neurons' axons.’
- ‘The dendrites and axon terminals of individual neurons can be extensively branched; a single neuron can receive as many as 100,000 different inputs.’
- ‘Gray matter, made up of the bodies of nerve cells and their connecting dendrites, is where the brain's heavy lifting is done.’
- ‘Two types of nerve processes extend from the soma, axons, which conduct the nerve impulse away from the soma, and dendrites, which conduct nerve impulses toward it.’
2A crystal or crystalline mass with a branching treelike structure.
- ‘Lithium metal may also be plated out as crystalline dendrites that ultimately penetrate the separator and cause an internal short-circuit of the cell.’
- ‘Not only were neurons structured with more dendrites, they also ‘fired’ electrical signals more rapidly and sustained their firing for longer periods of time, the study showed.’
- ‘The branching dendrites found in moss agate were created by mineral deposits of manganese and iron trapped in fissures within the rock.’
- ‘The foundryman can control the fineness of dendrite structure by controlling the rate of solidification.’
- ‘Spatial dendrites are three-dimensional crystals with intermediate terminal velocities.’
- 2.1 A natural treelike or mosslike marking on a piece of rock or mineral.
- ‘It forms attractive dendrites on fracture surfaces.’
- ‘One is reminded of the famous fernlike markings on the Solnhofen fossils known as dendrites.’
- ‘In the silver case, there is a particularly fine featherlike dendrite of native silver from the La Nevada mine, Chihuahua, Mexico.’
- ‘Alan Charig et al. found that when he backwardly printed a negative photograph of the counterslab dendrite patterns, they match perfectly with the corresponding dendrites of the main slab.’
Early 18th century: from French, from Greek dendritēs ‘treelike’, from dendron ‘tree’.
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