Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
1Cause (someone) to lose confidence or hope; dispirit.‘their rejection of the treaty has demoralized the diplomatic community’
dishearten, dispirit, deject, cast down, depress, dismay, daunt, discourage, unman, unnerve, crush, sap, shake, throw, cow, subdue, undermine, devitalize, weaken, enfeeble, enervatebreak someone's spirit, bring someone lowknock the stuffing out of, knock for six, knock sidewaysdispirited, disheartened, downhearted, dejected, cast down, downcast, low, depressed, despairingdisconsolate, crestfallen, disappointed, dismayed, daunted, discouraged, unmanned, unnervedcrushed, humbled, cowed, subduedsapped, drained, shaken, thrown, undermined, devitalizedfed upbrassed off, cheesed offpissed offView synonyms
- ‘Staff are demoralised, not least because local councils have eroded library opening hours and consequently cut shift allowances.’
- ‘‘I thought I would find a company that had demoralised employees, low morale,’ he said.’
- ‘But, privately, he confided to friends that he was demoralized, even tempted to quit.’
- ‘And it just demoralised me totally when he would speak to me that way because I decided that I was doing everything in my power that I could to do what he wanted.’
- ‘The way you defeat an army, is by demoralizing the individual soldiers in it, or getting them to desert or retreat.’
- ‘The parents and the teachers tend to compare their wards with their counterparts and as a result the child is demoralised in front of others.’
- ‘But at just 39 years old the family doctor is so demoralised with his inability to care for his patients properly that he is leaving the profession altogether.’
- ‘Groups used violence for political or ideological ends, as a means of demoralising their opponents, winning concessions or taking over territory.’
- ‘Now, the national side, which once ruled the football world with a haughty confidence, is completely demoralized and there's less than a year to prepare for the great campaign on home ground.’
- ‘Another warden said: ‘The re-training will be pointless because the staff are all demoralised.’’
- ‘This criticism was said to have demoralised staff and caused a split between them and councillors.’
- ‘The principal of a south Armagh primary school broken into over the weekend says he is demoralised by the destruction left by the thieves.’
- ‘‘People are very demoralized and unhappy,’ a former administration official said.’
- ‘Each attack is designed to demoralize our people and divide us from one another.’
- ‘I object, not to the paperwork that demoralises teachers, but to the undermining of them as caring and knowledgeable professionals that it represents.’
- ‘They are helping our enemies to demoralize us into giving up.’
- ‘A decimated and demoralized staff is not an efficient one.’
- ‘Instead of demoralizing a people, you have brought them closer together.’
- ‘The aide admitted that the news of the killing was withheld to avoid demoralising the fighters.’
- ‘Grimy wards, with paint peeling, dust gathering on windowsills and numerous unidentified stains, frighten patients and demoralise staff.’
2archaic Corrupt the morals of (someone)
corrupt, deprave, warp, pervert, subvert, lead astray, make degenerate, ruinView synonyms
- ‘It is a perceptive account of life in an occupied city, in which victors and vanquished alike are corrupted and demoralized.’
- ‘It is you and the like of you that deprave and demoralize youth and prepare criminals for the gallows.’
Late 18th century: from French démoraliser (a word of the French Revolution), from dé- (expressing reversal) + moral moral from Latin moralis.
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.
From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, discover surprising and intriguing language facts from around the globe.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.