Definition of demiurge in English:

demiurge

noun

  • 1A being responsible for the creation of the universe, in particular.

    deity, god, goddess, mother goddess, divine being, celestial being, supreme being
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1(in Platonic philosophy) the Maker or Creator of the world.
      • ‘Western concepts of God have ranged from the detached transcendent demiurge of Aristotle to the pantheism of Spinoza.’
      • ‘Interwoven with these references to an almost Platonic demiurge are appeals to the selecting power of an active ‘Nature’.’
      • ‘A certain mystique attached to the word as a result of analogies often drawn between the creative activity of the artist and the creation of the world by the deity or by a Platonic demiurge in accordance with Ideas or prototypes.’
    2. 1.2(in Gnosticism and other theological systems) a heavenly being, subordinate to the Supreme Being, that is considered to be the controller of the material world and antagonistic to all that is purely spiritual.
      • ‘Gnosticism says that there is a good God, but that God is not responsible for the mess we endure, which is the creation of a demiurge or evil god.’
      • ‘Call it the demiurge cycle, after the Gnostic notion that our world is governed by a mad ersatz God.’
      • ‘The Gnostics thought that the God worshiped by most Christians was a demiurge or usurper.’
      • ‘Gnostic teaching distinguished between a perfect and remote divine being and an imperfect demiurge who had created suffering.’

Origin

Early 17th century (denoting a magistrate in certain ancient Greek states): via ecclesiastical Latin from Greek dēmiourgos craftsman from dēmios public (from dēmos people) + -ergos working.

Pronunciation:

demiurge

/ˈdemēˌərj/