Definition of demand in English:

demand

noun

  • 1An insistent and peremptory request, made as if by right.

    ‘a series of demands for far-reaching reforms’
    • ‘Requests for the money soon follow, the demands for which increase until the recipients finally realise that there is no fortune and that they've been duped.’
    • ‘In any event, most of the dispute relates to the issue of retroactivity and whether demands for financial assistance were made before the official request.’
    • ‘Even if a proper capability development process was instituted, it could never have restrained Hitler's insistent demands for weapons of retaliation.’
    • ‘Requests for trade were followed by demands for forts and land.’
    • ‘The universities will have to earn their right to charge by meeting government demands for what it calls ‘wider access’.’
    • ‘It's just another challenge on top of all the demands for accountability and raising test scores.’
    • ‘Payers in the public and private health systems face the challenge of increasing demands for effective but expensive medicines.’
    • ‘Back then there were worker protests, out-of-town reporters and excited demands for tariffs on imported steel.’
    • ‘Donor agencies are also putting pressure on the government to control spending and resist demands for further wage hikes.’
    • ‘That is why there is such constant pressure for high-profile policing, with demands for more officers on the beat.’
    • ‘No doubt, these demands are the basic demands for the safety, dignity and development of Muslims.’
    • ‘He was faced with the great challenge of updating a decrepit and wasteful government system and responding to demands for increased freedom while maintaining order.’
    • ‘At the core of the controversy were insistent African demands for greater participation in government and European fears of losing political control.’
    • ‘With the economy slowing down, it is set to demand even more money to cover the expected increased demands for welfare payments.’
    • ‘It is also less likely to be hijacked by frivolous requests or by demands for unrealistically large quantities of material by one particular lobby group.’
    • ‘In 1975, the French Government began to accommodate increasingly insistent demands for independence.’
    • ‘Federal intelligence law bans those who receive certain types of demands for records from challenging the order or even telling anyone they have received it.’
    • ‘The second limitation is that those outside the regime have not been able to link the demands for democratisation to the demands for social progress.’
    • ‘It has brought insistent demands for a further enquiry about the intelligence services and weapons of mass destruction.’
    • ‘His ideas proved an important source for modern demands for freedom of information.’
    request, call
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1demands Pressing requirements.
      ‘he's got enough demands on his time already’
      • ‘He said although the service attracted younger wardens, the younger generation tended to have demands on their time.’
      • ‘Celebrity doesn't place any demands on a person; it requires nothing but itself.’
      • ‘The growing awareness of this condition is creating increasing demands on psychiatric care services.’
      • ‘Unlike other biceps exercises, the preacher curl places specific demands on form.’
      • ‘Some bars' licensing conditions in the city also place other demands on the owners of bars.’
      • ‘There are many pressing demands on limited incomes.’
      • ‘Sports that involve facing a competitor in a direct struggle place different demands on a person than sports that require solitary concentration.’
      • ‘As you know, each track poses quite specific demands on the car.’
      • ‘The fitness, stamina agility and dedication it requires must place great demands on the body.’
      • ‘Children are maturing quicker than before and there are increasing demands on today's young parents.’
      • ‘Because of the increasing demands on young figure skaters, some medical concerns have arisen.’
      • ‘The characterization of particle motion imposes demands on the temporal and spatial resolution required for the measurement.’
      • ‘To be a success as a serious work of art it should not be necessary to make heavy demands on the intellect.’
      • ‘I can already hear community leaders complaining that the budget for parks is necessarily limited by other more pressing demands on the public purse.’
      • ‘Ultimately, he says, we must bring our demands on the planet's resources more in line with what the planet can sustain.’
      • ‘The demands on higher education require a fundamental change in direction - and technology can facilitate that change.’
      • ‘You may find yourself needing to pay more attention to offshore projects, leading to increased demands on management time and training requirements.’
      • ‘Despite the benefits, speech recognition systems place specific demands on students.’
      • ‘It places demands on the reader and requires change and development.’
      • ‘The requirement for greater flexibility of thought also places increased demands on one's judgment and intuition.’
      requirement, need, desire, wish, want
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    2. 1.2Economics The desire of purchasers, consumers, clients, employers, etc., for a particular commodity, service, or other item.
      ‘a recent slump in demand’
      ‘a demand for specialists’
      • ‘Demand for water treatment products has been enhanced by concern for environmental protection.’
      • ‘But we are not here to apologise for the standards that customers are increasingly demanding.’
      • ‘In addition, server customers tend to demand higher performing systems well ahead of consumers.’
      • ‘Demand for Thai products among Cambodians is as high as 70 percent.’
      • ‘Demand for tickets is again expected to be considerable this week.’
      market, call, appetite, desire
      View synonyms

verb

  • 1[reporting verb] Ask authoritatively or brusquely.

    [with direct speech] ‘“Where is she?” he demanded’
    [with clause] ‘the police demanded that he give them the names’
    • ‘After some time he demanded loudly to be carried.’
    • ‘The protestors demanded to see the mayor but were refused.’
    • ‘Officials marched in with police back-up, demanding to see the staff's working permits.’
    • ‘‘Then tell me the truth,’ she demands in a whisper in between kisses.’
    • ‘The protesters made speeches and unfurled banners and posters accusing the regent of being corrupt and demanding the police investigate him.’
    • ‘Medical reports confirm he is in a terminal decline and lawyers have written to prison authorities demanding he is released on compassionate grounds.’
    • ‘‘Where are our girls?’ they demanded in a hoarse whisper.’
    • ‘A one-page letter demanded to see all software licences to prove the software wasn't counterfeit.’
    • ‘I was therefore not surprised one evening to hear a deaf elderly woman loudly demanding to see him.’
    • ‘The scorer walked up to him in a tea break and brusquely demanded to know his name.’
    • ‘At first, she angrily demanded to know where he had been.’
    • ‘Not one to be fobbed off lightly, I demanded to speak to the manager.’
    • ‘In response, students occupied the police station and demanded they be arrested as well.’
    • ‘The MP is now demanding an explanation from the chief executive of the trust.’
    • ‘‘Open the gates,’ she demanded in a low, threatening voice.’
    • ‘‘Well?’ he demanded in a husky voice when the silence continued.’
    • ‘Politicians and patients' groups are now demanding to know how health officials managed to get it so wrong.’
    • ‘He went to a former girlfriend's home, demanding to speak to her.’
    • ‘On whose authority, he demanded, was such a barbarous act to be committed?’
    • ‘They were demanding that the erring police officials be arrested and action taken against them.’
    order to, command to, tell to, call on to, enjoin to, urge to
    ask, enquire, question, interrogate
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1[with object] Insist on having.
      ‘an outraged public demanded retribution’
      ‘too much was being demanded of the top players’
      • ‘That, like most things in life, varies on a day-to-day basis and it can never be demanded of you.’
      • ‘The more the government does, the more that is demanded of it.’
      • ‘Strict conformity to harsh social norms was demanded of everyone, regardless of status or wealth.’
      • ‘The time has come to ask hard questions about how much further change should be demanded of the civil service.’
      • ‘More has been demanded of developing players since youth academies were set up after the 1989 revolution.’
      • ‘My laptop is straining under the weight of what is demanded of it.’
      • ‘All of the questions were well laid out, students knew what was demanded of them and they typically had plenty of time.’
      • ‘Yet most Americans believe crime is on the rise and are demanding public officials do something about it.’
      • ‘Over the next two years it is probable that teachers, local government, the police and others will demand more.’
      • ‘He is among a growing band of farmers and organisations demanding a full public inquiry into the Government's handling of the crisis.’
      • ‘A similar performance is also demanded of the footsoldiers on the pitch.’
      • ‘Forgiveness can never be demanded of victims and certainly not in the absence of admissions of wrongdoing.’
      • ‘The company offered its drivers massive pay increases to keep them and the conductors also demanded more money.’
      • ‘When cornered by a hostile and armed rabble, it is demanded of them that they attempt to take a consensual approach.’
      • ‘The Republicans also demanded more campaign money and help for the upcoming election.’
      • ‘But a police officer should not demand more than his commander has given to him.’
      • ‘It is a long time since so little was expected of the player who, at 32, now finds that a major triumph is routinely demanded of him.’
      • ‘The nonsmokers could demand what they wanted in exchange for their rations.’
      call for, ask for, request, press for, push for, hold out for, clamour for, bay for
      insist on, stipulate, make a condition of, exact, impose
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 Require; need.
      ‘a complex activity demanding detailed knowledge’
      • ‘Each of these activities demands resources and takes attention away from, let's say, some more fundamental types of educational needs.’
      • ‘The music is at times extraordinary complex, and it demands three to four times the number of rehearsals required for almost any other opera.’
      • ‘Most of these activities rely on traditionally acquired skills that do not demand modern technical knowledge.’
      • ‘It is a subtle and complex book, and it demands a knowledge of history and philosophy as well as of science.’
      • ‘Pruning requirements demand some knowledge of the individual species on hand.’
      • ‘Examining the legality of the route demands a detailed proportionality assessment.’
      • ‘And because embroidery demands precision it requires sharp focus at all times.’
      • ‘The growing list of mass casualty threats requiring preparedness now demands a heightened level of knowledge and skill for critical care nurses.’
      • ‘Democracy doesn't require - it demands a full and rigorous debate of this Bill.’
      • ‘One of the rescuers described cave diving as a highly dangerous activity, which demanded great skill.’
      • ‘Nothing less will be demanded or required on Tuesday evening.’
      • ‘Community groups got intensely involved, demanding a wealth of detailed information.’
      • ‘The process is most advanced in the physical sciences, in which research activity demands a large amount of expensive equipment.’
      • ‘True, it is often a blunt instrument when the requirements of justice demand sensitive application in complex human situations.’
      • ‘An all out performance requires and demands vigorous muscular effort, but only during the most propulsive phase of a stroke.’
      • ‘He demands detailed contracts for everything, despite the protests of natives used to short-form deal memos.’
      • ‘The exercise is a delicate one which demands both detailed knowledge of the original texts and insight into the bases of contemporary feminist hostility to them.’
      • ‘Now the learner is in a position to demand the education they require rather than taking what is on offer.’
      require, need, necessitate, call for, take, involve, entail
      View synonyms
    3. 1.3Law Call into court; summon.
      • ‘There was no promise that the inquiry would even sit in public or have the power to demand documents and summon witnesses.’

Phrases

  • in demand

    • Sought after.

      ‘all these skills are much in demand’
      • ‘Your skills are in demand like never before and chances are the situation is only to get better.’
      • ‘The increase came despite a fall off in demand for office space from hard hit tech and telecom firms.’
      • ‘I can't foresee a time when the sort of skills we've accumulated will no longer be in demand.’
      • ‘Our steel industry has been affected by slowdown in demand and has suffered large losses.’
      • ‘His widget is in demand and despite the distance from the marketplace he is competitive.’
      • ‘The news from the estate agents is that the demand for new homes is still very much in demand.’
      • ‘Previously it was the new kids on the block with the latest skills who were in demand.’
      • ‘The women painted by the Raja have never been as much in demand in the art market as they are today.’
      • ‘As he improved, word of mouth got round, and Alistair's skills were soon in demand.’
      • ‘Much has changed in the past decade, and now car hire services are very much in demand in the country.’
      sought-after, desired, coveted, wanted, requested, required
      marketable, desirable, Popular, in vogue, fashionable, all the rage, at a premium, like gold dust
      big, trendy, hot, to die for
      all the go
      View synonyms
  • on demand

    • As soon as or whenever required.

      ‘he promised us endless coffee on demand’
      [as modifier] ‘an on-demand movie service on broadband’
      • ‘There is a fine restaurant, and room service provides high-quality food and drink on demand from a short menu.’
      • ‘Free booze and nibbles are available on demand - you just help yourself.’
      • ‘The Minister was not in a position to produce a valid ticket on demand.’
      • ‘This was changed in 2001, after legislation was put in place which allows anyone to opt for a postal vote on demand.’
      • ‘The idea of providing applications on demand as Web services, for sure, was not a new invention.’
      • ‘In Calcutta, there is no waiting list as connections are available on demand.’
      • ‘One person doesn't get buy a book then print their own free editions of it, on demand, for anyone who's interested.’
      • ‘It had required people to produce their ID card on demand by the police.’
      • ‘Feeding a baby on demand - as opposed to the regular structure of a bottle - can have advantages, too.’
      • ‘From early in the morning to late at night, it provides health care on demand.’

Origin

Middle English (as a noun): from Old French demande (noun), demander (verb), from Latin demandare hand over, entrust (in medieval Latin demand), from de- formally + mandare to order.

Pronunciation:

demand

/dəˈmand/