Definition of delirium in English:

delirium

noun

  • 1An acutely disturbed state of mind that occurs in fever, intoxication, and other disorders and is characterized by restlessness, illusions, and incoherence of thought and speech.

    • ‘Cognitive impairment, delirium, and dementia are present in some older adult patients.’
    • ‘The use of antidepressants, antipsychotics, or anticholinesterase inhibitors for insomnia related to delirium or dementia is also unproved.’
    • ‘Psychotic symptoms can appear as a part of delirium, dementia or any other organic brain syndrome.’
    • ‘Neurologic consultation can help establish a differential diagnosis in patients with delirium.’
    • ‘Some affected people suffer mental disturbances such as delirium, hallucinations, and even psychotic behaviour.’
    • ‘Unlike dementia, delirium is a severe but temporary state of mental confusion.’
    • ‘Schizophrenia is conventionally distinguished from the organic psychoses dementia and delirium by the absence of intellectual compromise.’
    • ‘Certain signs and symptoms can help physicians distinguish between delirium and a pre-existing psychiatric disorder.’
    derangement, dementia, dementedness, temporary insanity, temporary madness
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    1. 1.1 Wild excitement or ecstasy.
      • ‘The smell of incense filled the room and transported me, in my delirium, back to my youth as a Miami altar boy.’
      • ‘There's a floodlit stage and electronic band of ‘gruperos’ in transports of salsa-invoked delirium.’
      • ‘I ended up getting a digital keyboard, which was so amazing to me - excitement to the point of delirium.’
      • ‘Not only did the win send the home fans into state of rapturous delirium, but the achievement relieved the team's coach, who had looked tense during the final.’
      • ‘‘The thrill, the mad delirium of being free is beyond description,’ he writes.’
      ecstasy, rapture, transports, wild emotion, passion, wildness, excitement, frenzy, feverishness, fever
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Origin

Mid 16th century: from Latin, from delirare deviate, be deranged (literally deviate from the furrow), from de- away + lira ridge between furrows.

Pronunciation:

delirium

/dəˈlirēəm/