Definition of delirium in English:

delirium

noun

  • 1An acutely disturbed state of mind that occurs in fever, intoxication, and other disorders and is characterized by restlessness, illusions, and incoherence of thought and speech.

    • ‘Schizophrenia is conventionally distinguished from the organic psychoses dementia and delirium by the absence of intellectual compromise.’
    • ‘Psychotic symptoms can appear as a part of delirium, dementia or any other organic brain syndrome.’
    • ‘Cognitive impairment, delirium, and dementia are present in some older adult patients.’
    • ‘Certain signs and symptoms can help physicians distinguish between delirium and a pre-existing psychiatric disorder.’
    • ‘Some affected people suffer mental disturbances such as delirium, hallucinations, and even psychotic behaviour.’
    • ‘Unlike dementia, delirium is a severe but temporary state of mental confusion.’
    • ‘Neurologic consultation can help establish a differential diagnosis in patients with delirium.’
    • ‘The use of antidepressants, antipsychotics, or anticholinesterase inhibitors for insomnia related to delirium or dementia is also unproved.’
    derangement, dementia, dementedness, temporary insanity, temporary madness
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Wild excitement or ecstasy.
      • ‘The smell of incense filled the room and transported me, in my delirium, back to my youth as a Miami altar boy.’
      • ‘Not only did the win send the home fans into state of rapturous delirium, but the achievement relieved the team's coach, who had looked tense during the final.’
      • ‘There's a floodlit stage and electronic band of ‘gruperos’ in transports of salsa-invoked delirium.’
      • ‘‘The thrill, the mad delirium of being free is beyond description,’ he writes.’
      • ‘I ended up getting a digital keyboard, which was so amazing to me - excitement to the point of delirium.’
      ecstasy, rapture, transports, wild emotion, passion, wildness, excitement, frenzy, feverishness, fever
      View synonyms

Origin

Mid 16th century: from Latin, from delirare ‘deviate, be deranged’ (literally ‘deviate from the furrow’), from de- ‘away’ + lira ‘ridge between furrows’.

Pronunciation

delirium

/dəˈlɪriəm//dəˈlirēəm/