Main definitions of defect in English

: defect1defect2

defect1

noun

  • A shortcoming, imperfection, or lack.

    ‘genetic defects’
    ‘the property is free from defect’
    • ‘These toxins can damage immune systems, trigger cancers and cause genetic defects.’
    • ‘Women in the region live in constant fear of bearing children with genetic defects.’
    • ‘If their system is free of these defects, then it clearly is a superior system.’
    • ‘Such guarantees are given free of charge and promise that a product is free from defects in workmanship and materials.’
    • ‘She said the causes of the problem could be numerous, ranging from foot deformity to tissue defects.’
    • ‘It was not a duty not to sell such a house nor was it a duty to warrant that all houses being sold by the local authority under the right to buy scheme were free of defects.’
    • ‘These abnormalities are caused by defects in the genes that tell the cells how to make collagen.’
    • ‘Silicon for chip manufacture must be highly pure and free of defects in the crystalline packing of atoms.’
    • ‘Thirteen of the vehicles were served with defect notes and only 11 of all the coaches were free from any defects.’
    • ‘An accountant owes his sight to an optician who spotted a serious defect during a routine examination.’
    • ‘A defect in this system may cause fluid retention and hypertension.’
    • ‘The transfer does the glossy animation justice by being clear and free of defects.’
    • ‘On the other hand, it is free from serious defects and is a good choice in its price category.’
    • ‘Many suffer needlessly from eye defects due top lack of knowledge and basic equipment.’
    • ‘Today, kinked tails are thought to be undesirable genetic defects in show cats.’
    • ‘In other words, that would produce a much higher value diamond, and it would be freed of the defect which led to a crack.’
    • ‘Regular vision check-ups can show a defect or a weakness that can usually be sorted if worked on.’
    • ‘Alterations in the p53 gene are the most common genetic defects known to occur in human tumours.’
    • ‘No skid marks were found, he said, and both cars were free from defects.’
    • ‘At the same time, our mind has the potential to become completely free of defects and limitations.’
    fault, flaw, imperfection, deficiency, weakness, weak point, weak spot, inadequacy, shortcoming, limitation, failing, obstruction
    View synonyms

Origin

Late Middle English (as a noun, influenced by Old French defect ‘deficiency’): from Latin defectus, past participle of deficere ‘desert or fail’, from de- (expressing reversal) + facere ‘do’.

Pronunciation

defect

/ˈdēfekt//ˈdifɛkt/

Main definitions of defect in English

: defect1defect2

defect2

verb

[NO OBJECT]
  • Abandon one's country or cause in favor of an opposing one.

    ‘he defected to the Soviet Union after the war’
    • ‘I believe our great councillor before him would never have defected and become a turncoat.’
    • ‘Between 600 and 800 soldiers have defected to create a new rebel group in the eastern part of the country.’
    • ‘According to the reports sent to them some of the residents of the station may have defected to the rebels.’
    • ‘Corpus was a soldier who defected to the communist side in the 1970s.’
    • ‘Alibekov defected to the United States in 1992, changed his name, and made the talk-show circuit.’
    • ‘We have to add the risk of fines or jail into our calculations, and this may tip the balance in favour of cooperating rather than defecting.’
    • ‘In 1989, Zuyev was granted asylum in the USA after defecting from the Soviet Union in a MiG 29 and landing in Turkey.’
    • ‘He's serving a 30-day sentence for abandoning his unit in 1965 and defecting to North Korea.’
    • ‘His family defected from the Soviet Union when he was five.’
    • ‘He was one of about ten people who defected in that direction.’
    • ‘Some defected to the opposition, some began voting for other parties on the left and many simply stopped voting.’
    • ‘The standing army was in the process of disintegration as lower ranking officers defected to the opposition.’
    • ‘Ieng Sary eventually defected to the government, helping end the long civil war.’
    • ‘When Germany failed to take Russia Stalin went after those émigrés who had defected to the German forces.’
    • ‘Managers for the candidates raced around the floor trying to pry delegates away from their opponents, and to keep those already on their side from defecting.’
    • ‘Following the uprising, the son defected to London, where he headed a philanthropic group.’
    • ‘Nothing untoward happened to the traitor until he upped sticks and defected to Moscow.’
    • ‘This could almost be seen as defecting to the opposition.’
    • ‘That majority has eroded to a handful of seats over the past three years after several allies defected to the opposition.’
    desert, go over to the enemy, change allegiances, change loyalties, change sides, turn traitor, rebel, renege, abscond, go awol, quit, escape
    View synonyms

Origin

Late 16th century: from Latin defect- ‘failed’, from the verb deficere (see defect).

Pronunciation

defect

/dəˈfɛkt//dəˈfekt/