Main definitions of defect in English

: defect1defect2

defect1

noun

  • A shortcoming, imperfection, or lack.

    ‘genetic defects’
    ‘the property is free from defect’
    • ‘These toxins can damage immune systems, trigger cancers and cause genetic defects.’
    • ‘A defect in this system may cause fluid retention and hypertension.’
    • ‘Today, kinked tails are thought to be undesirable genetic defects in show cats.’
    • ‘Thirteen of the vehicles were served with defect notes and only 11 of all the coaches were free from any defects.’
    • ‘Alterations in the p53 gene are the most common genetic defects known to occur in human tumours.’
    • ‘The transfer does the glossy animation justice by being clear and free of defects.’
    • ‘No skid marks were found, he said, and both cars were free from defects.’
    • ‘An accountant owes his sight to an optician who spotted a serious defect during a routine examination.’
    • ‘In other words, that would produce a much higher value diamond, and it would be freed of the defect which led to a crack.’
    • ‘Many suffer needlessly from eye defects due top lack of knowledge and basic equipment.’
    • ‘It was not a duty not to sell such a house nor was it a duty to warrant that all houses being sold by the local authority under the right to buy scheme were free of defects.’
    • ‘Regular vision check-ups can show a defect or a weakness that can usually be sorted if worked on.’
    • ‘These abnormalities are caused by defects in the genes that tell the cells how to make collagen.’
    • ‘Such guarantees are given free of charge and promise that a product is free from defects in workmanship and materials.’
    • ‘Silicon for chip manufacture must be highly pure and free of defects in the crystalline packing of atoms.’
    • ‘If their system is free of these defects, then it clearly is a superior system.’
    • ‘Women in the region live in constant fear of bearing children with genetic defects.’
    • ‘She said the causes of the problem could be numerous, ranging from foot deformity to tissue defects.’
    • ‘At the same time, our mind has the potential to become completely free of defects and limitations.’
    • ‘On the other hand, it is free from serious defects and is a good choice in its price category.’
    fault, flaw, imperfection, deficiency, weakness, weak point, weak spot, inadequacy, shortcoming, limitation, failing, obstruction
    View synonyms

Origin

Late Middle English (as a noun, influenced by Old French defect ‘deficiency’): from Latin defectus, past participle of deficere ‘desert or fail’, from de- (expressing reversal) + facere ‘do’.

Pronunciation

defect

/ˈdēfekt//ˈdifɛkt/

Main definitions of defect in English

: defect1defect2

defect2

verb

[NO OBJECT]
  • Abandon one's country or cause in favor of an opposing one.

    ‘he defected to the Soviet Union after the war’
    • ‘Corpus was a soldier who defected to the communist side in the 1970s.’
    • ‘I believe our great councillor before him would never have defected and become a turncoat.’
    • ‘Some defected to the opposition, some began voting for other parties on the left and many simply stopped voting.’
    • ‘Managers for the candidates raced around the floor trying to pry delegates away from their opponents, and to keep those already on their side from defecting.’
    • ‘The standing army was in the process of disintegration as lower ranking officers defected to the opposition.’
    • ‘When Germany failed to take Russia Stalin went after those émigrés who had defected to the German forces.’
    • ‘He was one of about ten people who defected in that direction.’
    • ‘In 1989, Zuyev was granted asylum in the USA after defecting from the Soviet Union in a MiG 29 and landing in Turkey.’
    • ‘Between 600 and 800 soldiers have defected to create a new rebel group in the eastern part of the country.’
    • ‘According to the reports sent to them some of the residents of the station may have defected to the rebels.’
    • ‘He's serving a 30-day sentence for abandoning his unit in 1965 and defecting to North Korea.’
    • ‘His family defected from the Soviet Union when he was five.’
    • ‘That majority has eroded to a handful of seats over the past three years after several allies defected to the opposition.’
    • ‘This could almost be seen as defecting to the opposition.’
    • ‘Ieng Sary eventually defected to the government, helping end the long civil war.’
    • ‘Nothing untoward happened to the traitor until he upped sticks and defected to Moscow.’
    • ‘We have to add the risk of fines or jail into our calculations, and this may tip the balance in favour of cooperating rather than defecting.’
    • ‘Alibekov defected to the United States in 1992, changed his name, and made the talk-show circuit.’
    • ‘Following the uprising, the son defected to London, where he headed a philanthropic group.’
    desert, go over to the enemy, change allegiances, change loyalties, change sides, turn traitor, rebel, renege, abscond, go awol, quit, escape
    View synonyms

Origin

Late 16th century: from Latin defect- ‘failed’, from the verb deficere (see defect).

Pronunciation

defect

/dəˈfekt//dəˈfɛkt/