Definition of dear in English:

dear

adjective

  • 1Regarded with deep affection; cherished by someone.

    ‘a dear friend’
    ‘he is very dear to me’
    • ‘Likewise, we want our lives to reflect those values and goals which are dear to us, and it is a source of pleasure to us when this is so.’
    • ‘I admittedly was pretty uneducated about this disease but it has piqued my interest in the last few months as these clients are close relatives of someone very dear to me.’
    • ‘I was nervous, certainly; afraid I might lose something dear to me.’
    • ‘The land where the plane had landed, everything belonging to it was intensely dear to me, ‘he wrote.’’
    • ‘What a shame dear ol ' TinTin couldn't make it this time!’
    • ‘I gave everything of myself in support of the beliefs I held so dear.’
    • ‘Francesca supposed she was lucky to have avoided losing anyone dear to her.’
    • ‘And there was charity attached to it, something that was dear to his heart.’
    • ‘She went quietly about her daily life and was held in fond regard by her dear friends.’
    • ‘She is talented and very dear to me, but our concepts of music are totally different.’
    • ‘"Some dear friends from a Verdi opera were kind enough to donate these.’
    • ‘She joined a whole secret league of the hunters after being separated from a friend very dear to her.’
    • ‘It took me a long time to learn the value of friends and I now have many who are very dear to me.’
    • ‘A country especially dear to me, as my wife's homeland.’
    • ‘Early this morning, that bar, which was very dear to me, my family and my friends, burned to the ground.’
    • ‘They like to hold on tightly to what they value as near and dear to them.’
    • ‘Naomi… my dear youngest sister… farewell for now, " he murmured.’
    • ‘Yet there are surely more things close and dear to the human heart than are dreamed of in Carver's fiction.’
    • ‘Let the honor of your friend be as dear to you as your own (Ethics of the Fathers 2: 15).’
    • ‘She'd hate to leave her friends… they were so dear to her.’
    precious, treasured, valued, prized, cherished, special, favourite, favoured
    beloved, loved, much loved, darling, adored, cherished, precious
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Used in speech as a way of addressing a person in a polite way.
      ‘Martin, my dear fellow’
      • ‘Today, dear reader, I have two words for you: night sweats.’
      • ‘Dear reader, to all of these questions I can provide no answers.’
      • ‘"Dinner is ready sister dear, " Mikael announces, poking his head around the door.’
      • ‘But disappear not in my ocean of thoughts, for I will always love you dear Unc.’
      • ‘"Well, for one thing, mother dear, I'm not a dog.’
      • ‘An excellent idea, dear fellow, to not have a television.’
      • ‘Please dear God let Pakistan win some medals this time.’
      • ‘Charles, my dear fellow, you've no idea how wonderful that made me feel.’
      • ‘"It is so good to see you, as well, brother dear.’
      • ‘There engraved on the trunk was this… "Here, dear friend, I stand."’
      • ‘"So brother dear… " I started, propping myself on my pillow.’
      • ‘Thank you for staying here dear sirs, hope you had a nice time, please do visit us again.’
      • ‘"Are you suggesting, dear sir, that we spoke to a ghost?’
      • ‘Never fear dear reader, I am alive and well.’
      • ‘"Gee, nice to see you too dear brother, " Benji said grinning.’
      • ‘Please dear reader, read the last paragraph once more.’
      • ‘My apologies, dear sir, and thank you for revealing truth to me!’
      • ‘No, dear friend… such things happen, and they happen right here in Mumbai.’
      • ‘I congratulate you, my dear fellow, I really do.’
      • ‘"No… No please dear god… " she cried.’
    2. 1.2Used as part of the polite introduction to a letter, especially in a formula denoting the degree of formality involved.
      ‘Dear Sir or Madam’
      • ‘If the letter began ‘Dear Sir’ or ‘Dear Madam’, you should sign off ‘Yours faithfully’.’
      • ‘The letter began, "Dear Sir, This year I spent my summer holidays on the Isle of Lylt."’
      • ‘By the way, I thought I remembered that right at the end of "Thirteen Days", JFK was dictating a letter beginning "Dear Mr. and Mrs. Anderson.’
    3. 1.3Endearing; sweet.
      ‘a dear little puppy’
      • ‘But Jimmy Grimble smells like a sweet and innocuous film from the get-go, thus we know someone's going to get their comeuppance, and it isn't dear little Jimmy.’
      • ‘Inevitably, she decided that a newly painted windowsill would be the better for dear little paw-prints and was duly shouted at.’
      • ‘But eventually, even a Labrador's jaw will tire, at which point the dear little animal will inevitably leave the thing where it can most conveniently be fallen over by someone carrying a full mug of hot liquid.’
      • ‘I have some advice for members out of this dear little book, which is called The Little Book of Calm.’
      • ‘In the course of the last half hour the sheep have been efficiently caught by Dr Biswell, and I have fired a nasty looking white gloop down their dear little throats with a syringe.’
      • ‘Here I might be in trouble with the law again, for my dear little Jack Russell terrier Polly has had her tail docked.’
      • ‘It wasn't that Uncle Henry's house wasn't pretty, but I did miss my dear little swing.’
      • ‘We delivered our little dog into the tender care of the vet, and we needed to know that, whatever the outcome for our dear little dog Sally, we had the provisions set out in the Veterinarians Bill.’
      • ‘They both smiled at him a good deal, and one of them referred to me as ‘your dear little girl.’’
      • ‘It was quite a pleasant excursion for the dear little thing.’
      • ‘One of them gave me the most poisonous looks, but later she came to me and said ‘what a dear little child.’’
      • ‘How could Garfield be so cruel to that dear little mouse?’
      • ‘I'm staying at a dear little guesthouse a bit of a way out for a couple of days and perhaps we could meet at one of the fringe meetings Boris will be addressing?’
      • ‘It's still a dumb haircut even on his dear little genius head.’
      • ‘It would seem that Sammy's dear little darling sister has struck again.’
      • ‘I've seen it happen more than once to some very dear, sweet people, and it's really heartbreaking to watch.’
      • ‘That was the year James was born, and we bought our first new car, a dear little red Mini.’
      • ‘Or perhaps she felt that I am a simpleton who would welcome such kittens in his inbox, and that when I saw its dear little ears I would be happy.’
      • ‘What happened to the dear little boy who used to play with you in the street?’
      • ‘You wouldn't believe how much I spend each week on assorted nuts and seeds to feed the dear little birds, not forgetting the cost of bird boxes and bird tables, some of which these days have proper tiled roofs and are as big as a house.’
  • 2Expensive.

    • ‘A Philadelphia customer admired the company's cut glass but hesitated to buy any because it was ‘most extravagantly dear.’’
    • ‘His wife dying, his children scattered, he has paid a dear price for his act of defiance.’
    • ‘She was forced to pay the £4 taxi fare from her benefits, which soon became too dear.’
    • ‘But Americans had to pay a dear price for that questionable privilege.’
    • ‘Customers think organic food is too dear.’
    • ‘Tax payers are getting tired of always having to pay the dear price for the conduct of irresponsible and insensitive members of the public.’
    • ‘They say these payments make it too dear to shoot films in the republic.’
    • ‘The end result will lead to sharp cuts in pensions, endowments and other investment returns for its members, who will now have to pay a dear price for a series of catastrophic management blunders.’
    • ‘The passenger was not happy with the Metrolink service, and said ticket prices were very dear.’
    • ‘He had extraordinary luck; he met a dealer with just what he needed, although he paid a dear price for them.’
    • ‘I don't use the blank rune any longer, but before the Age of the Internet when information was dear and costly, I used it and didn't have a problem with it.’
    • ‘Premiums are dear, typically in the range of $1 million per $25 million coverage.’
    • ‘We are ready to pay a very dear price for this peace.’
    expensive, costly, high-cost, high-priced, highly priced, big-budget, overpriced, exorbitant, extortionate
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1(of money) available as a loan only at a high rate of interest.
      • ‘A ledu official informed him the farm development loan he had signed with the bank was ‘very dear money’.’
      • ‘But it was not until 1996 that Payne was informed by an agricultural adviser that the farming development loan was ‘very dear money’.’
      • ‘Right now, Britain's housing market is being hit by dear money.’
      • ‘The theory is that depression in the export industries, coupled if necessary with dear money and credit restriction, diffuse themselves evenly and fairly rapidly throughout the whole community.’

noun

  • 1Used as an affectionate or friendly form of address.

    ‘don't you worry, dear’
    • ‘After a moment had passed she smiled and said, " Of course, dear!"’
    • ‘‘Well, be careful where you go, my dears,’ she warned.’
    • ‘"Now dear, it is quite alright to cry in situations like these.’
    • ‘Well dear are you sure you'll be okay if I send you alone?’
    • ‘So he says to the first, ‘How much do you love me, my dear?’’
    • ‘"He'll be fine, don't worry dear, " Trudy confirmed.’
    • ‘I'll do anything, for you, dear, anything, 'cause you mean everything to me.’
    • ‘On hearing our lament for a country gone frankly insane, she simply suggested, ‘Well, dears, why don't you move here?’
    • ‘I restated my plight and asked: who might you be, my dear?’
    • ‘It was fine, dear, but please do be polite to your sister and let her finish.’
    • ‘Make sure you don't spoil your dinner, dears.’
    • ‘"I hope you know how much we love you dear, " she said as she hugged her daughter.’
    • ‘"Good morning dear, " they both said as the three exchanged kisses.’
    • ‘"Sorry, Dear, " smiled Izumi, contradicting her husband.’
    • ‘"Ok dear, I'll leave you here with Cassandra while I go finish some preparations.’
    • ‘A young nurse put me to bed and said: ‘Would you like a nice cuppa tea, dear?’’
    • ‘‘You're awfully late, dear,’ Prince Alfonso was heard to mutter in English.’
    • ‘Never let it be said that I don't have high expectations of you, my dears.’
    • ‘Then, she looked at my friend and said, ‘But you need a bigger pair, my dear.’’
    • ‘I thought you'd want what I want - sorry, my dear.’
    darling, dearest, love, beloved, loved one, sweetheart, sweet, precious, treasure
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1A sweet or endearing person.
      • ‘Sanjuro, I am sure you are much more mature than my own son, so could you be a good sweet dear and pass me that bundt cake pan?’
      • ‘The poor old dear was probably out of her mind with worry by now.’
      • ‘Oh, he is such a dear.’
      • ‘And people look as if the poor old dear has said something obscene.’
      • ‘Yes unfortunately she died sometime in the night, poor old dear.’
      • ‘But Sara didn't know how she could cheer the little dear's father.’

adverb

  • At a high cost.

    ‘they buy property cheaply and sell dear’
    • ‘The continuing dispute has, however, still cost the company dear.’
    • ‘Yet this costs the bank dear, because it carefully screens out companies which would like a Co-op account but which breach its guidelines.’
    • ‘Fraud Squad officers from North Yorkshire police say they have encountered reports of several ‘scams’ which have cost local people dear.’
    • ‘Motoring organisations have been worried by new legislation, which is awaiting its second reading in the European Parliament, that could cost motorists dear.’
    • ‘But the combination of political spin and media hype cost investors dear.’
    • ‘If a merchant is one who buys cheap and sells dear, Kirch broke that golden rule by buying dear with money he didn't have.’
    • ‘Buy cheap and sell dear, and that goes for people and the results of their labour.’
    • ‘An immature and petulant display by the centre-back cost his side dear as the game progressed.’
    • ‘If nothing else, Sircam and Nimda have established one thing: when it comes to viruses, ignorant staff can cost your company dear.’
    • ‘Common sense (which is a surprisingly rare commodity) tells us we should buy cheap and sell dear.’
    • ‘Then came the long years of the cold war which saw the Soviet Union continue to blindly follow communism even though that pursuit cost it and its people dear.’
    • ‘The decline in service standards - which unions blame on a shortage of trained staff - are likely to cost the company dear.’
    at a high price, at an excessive price, at an exorbitant price, at high cost, at great cost
    View synonyms

exclamation

  • Used in expressions of surprise, dismay, or sympathy.

    ‘oh dear, I've upset you’
    • ‘If you're a card-holder then you might be thinking ‘Oh dear!’’
    • ‘She started painting when she was told she was box office poison, and she thought, Oh, dear, it's going to be a long, sad period of life, and I've got to do something or I'll go crazy.’
    • ‘They described Jackson as ‘a bespectacled Australian’ - oh dear!’
    • ‘Then they went and ruined it all by upgrading to a new site - oh dear!’
    • ‘Yes - the number had been disconnected - oh dear!’
    • ‘I've had conversations with Kofi in the run-up to war, thinking oh, dear, there will be a transcript of this and people will hear what I'm saying.’
    • ‘A few miles further on they will drive calmly past the carnage they have caused, and remark primly to each other ‘Oh dear!’’
    • ‘And she said, oh, dear, to think I am to blame for that.’

Phrases

  • for dear life

Origin

Old English dēore, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch dier beloved also to Dutch duur and German teuer expensive.

Pronunciation:

dear

/dir/