Definition of dear in English:

dear

adjective

  • 1Regarded with deep affection; cherished by someone.

    ‘a dear friend’
    ‘he is very dear to me’
    • ‘Francesca supposed she was lucky to have avoided losing anyone dear to her.’
    • ‘Yet there are surely more things close and dear to the human heart than are dreamed of in Carver's fiction.’
    • ‘A country especially dear to me, as my wife's homeland.’
    • ‘Let the honor of your friend be as dear to you as your own (Ethics of the Fathers 2: 15).’
    • ‘I admittedly was pretty uneducated about this disease but it has piqued my interest in the last few months as these clients are close relatives of someone very dear to me.’
    • ‘She is talented and very dear to me, but our concepts of music are totally different.’
    • ‘I gave everything of myself in support of the beliefs I held so dear.’
    • ‘"Some dear friends from a Verdi opera were kind enough to donate these.’
    • ‘I was nervous, certainly; afraid I might lose something dear to me.’
    • ‘Naomi… my dear youngest sister… farewell for now, " he murmured.’
    • ‘They like to hold on tightly to what they value as near and dear to them.’
    • ‘She joined a whole secret league of the hunters after being separated from a friend very dear to her.’
    • ‘She went quietly about her daily life and was held in fond regard by her dear friends.’
    • ‘Likewise, we want our lives to reflect those values and goals which are dear to us, and it is a source of pleasure to us when this is so.’
    • ‘She'd hate to leave her friends… they were so dear to her.’
    • ‘It took me a long time to learn the value of friends and I now have many who are very dear to me.’
    • ‘What a shame dear ol ' TinTin couldn't make it this time!’
    • ‘Early this morning, that bar, which was very dear to me, my family and my friends, burned to the ground.’
    • ‘The land where the plane had landed, everything belonging to it was intensely dear to me, ‘he wrote.’’
    • ‘And there was charity attached to it, something that was dear to his heart.’
    beloved, loved, much loved, darling, adored, cherished, precious
    precious, treasured, valued, prized, cherished, special, favourite, favoured
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Used in speech as a way of addressing a person in a polite way.
      ‘Martin, my dear fellow’
      • ‘"It is so good to see you, as well, brother dear.’
      • ‘My apologies, dear sir, and thank you for revealing truth to me!’
      • ‘No, dear friend… such things happen, and they happen right here in Mumbai.’
      • ‘"No… No please dear god… " she cried.’
      • ‘Today, dear reader, I have two words for you: night sweats.’
      • ‘Please dear God let Pakistan win some medals this time.’
      • ‘There engraved on the trunk was this… "Here, dear friend, I stand."’
      • ‘Never fear dear reader, I am alive and well.’
      • ‘An excellent idea, dear fellow, to not have a television.’
      • ‘"Well, for one thing, mother dear, I'm not a dog.’
      • ‘Thank you for staying here dear sirs, hope you had a nice time, please do visit us again.’
      • ‘"Are you suggesting, dear sir, that we spoke to a ghost?’
      • ‘Please dear reader, read the last paragraph once more.’
      • ‘Dear reader, to all of these questions I can provide no answers.’
      • ‘"Dinner is ready sister dear, " Mikael announces, poking his head around the door.’
      • ‘"Gee, nice to see you too dear brother, " Benji said grinning.’
      • ‘But disappear not in my ocean of thoughts, for I will always love you dear Unc.’
      • ‘"So brother dear… " I started, propping myself on my pillow.’
      • ‘I congratulate you, my dear fellow, I really do.’
      • ‘Charles, my dear fellow, you've no idea how wonderful that made me feel.’
      beloved, loved, much loved, darling, adored, cherished, precious
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 Used as part of the polite introduction to a letter, especially in a formula denoting the degree of formality involved.
      ‘Dear Sir or Madam’
      • ‘Dear BI Career Consultants: How can we measure the true impact of technology on learning and student success?’
      • ‘"Dear friends world over, Nepal is closed for the time being.’
      • ‘The letter opened, "Dear Mother and Dad," and described the recent activity of the 7th Marines.’
      • ‘By the way, I thought I remembered that right at the end of "Thirteen Days", JFK was dictating a letter beginning "Dear Mr. and Mrs. Anderson.’
      • ‘If the letter began ‘Dear Sir’ or ‘Dear Madam’, you should sign off ‘Yours faithfully’.’
      • ‘Dear Friend: First, I want to tip my hat to you.’
      • ‘The letter began, "Dear Sir, This year I spent my summer holidays on the Isle of Lylt."’
    3. 1.3 Endearing; sweet.
      ‘a dear little puppy’
      • ‘You wouldn't believe how much I spend each week on assorted nuts and seeds to feed the dear little birds, not forgetting the cost of bird boxes and bird tables, some of which these days have proper tiled roofs and are as big as a house.’
      • ‘Inevitably, she decided that a newly painted windowsill would be the better for dear little paw-prints and was duly shouted at.’
      • ‘But Jimmy Grimble smells like a sweet and innocuous film from the get-go, thus we know someone's going to get their comeuppance, and it isn't dear little Jimmy.’
      • ‘What happened to the dear little boy who used to play with you in the street?’
      • ‘It was quite a pleasant excursion for the dear little thing.’
      • ‘We delivered our little dog into the tender care of the vet, and we needed to know that, whatever the outcome for our dear little dog Sally, we had the provisions set out in the Veterinarians Bill.’
      • ‘In the course of the last half hour the sheep have been efficiently caught by Dr Biswell, and I have fired a nasty looking white gloop down their dear little throats with a syringe.’
      • ‘How could Garfield be so cruel to that dear little mouse?’
      • ‘I've seen it happen more than once to some very dear, sweet people, and it's really heartbreaking to watch.’
      • ‘But eventually, even a Labrador's jaw will tire, at which point the dear little animal will inevitably leave the thing where it can most conveniently be fallen over by someone carrying a full mug of hot liquid.’
      • ‘It's still a dumb haircut even on his dear little genius head.’
      • ‘I'm staying at a dear little guesthouse a bit of a way out for a couple of days and perhaps we could meet at one of the fringe meetings Boris will be addressing?’
      • ‘I have some advice for members out of this dear little book, which is called The Little Book of Calm.’
      • ‘Or perhaps she felt that I am a simpleton who would welcome such kittens in his inbox, and that when I saw its dear little ears I would be happy.’
      • ‘Here I might be in trouble with the law again, for my dear little Jack Russell terrier Polly has had her tail docked.’
      • ‘That was the year James was born, and we bought our first new car, a dear little red Mini.’
      • ‘They both smiled at him a good deal, and one of them referred to me as ‘your dear little girl.’’
      • ‘One of them gave me the most poisonous looks, but later she came to me and said ‘what a dear little child.’’
      • ‘It wasn't that Uncle Henry's house wasn't pretty, but I did miss my dear little swing.’
      • ‘It would seem that Sammy's dear little darling sister has struck again.’
      endearing, adorable, lovable, appealing, engaging, charming, enchanting, captivating, winsome, winning, attractive, lovely, nice, pleasant, delightful, angelic, sweet, darling
      View synonyms
  • 2British Expensive.

    • ‘Customers think organic food is too dear.’
    • ‘Premiums are dear, typically in the range of $1 million per $25 million coverage.’
    • ‘He had extraordinary luck; he met a dealer with just what he needed, although he paid a dear price for them.’
    • ‘They say these payments make it too dear to shoot films in the republic.’
    • ‘We are ready to pay a very dear price for this peace.’
    • ‘I don't use the blank rune any longer, but before the Age of the Internet when information was dear and costly, I used it and didn't have a problem with it.’
    • ‘But Americans had to pay a dear price for that questionable privilege.’
    • ‘Tax payers are getting tired of always having to pay the dear price for the conduct of irresponsible and insensitive members of the public.’
    • ‘A Philadelphia customer admired the company's cut glass but hesitated to buy any because it was ‘most extravagantly dear.’’
    • ‘His wife dying, his children scattered, he has paid a dear price for his act of defiance.’
    • ‘The end result will lead to sharp cuts in pensions, endowments and other investment returns for its members, who will now have to pay a dear price for a series of catastrophic management blunders.’
    • ‘She was forced to pay the £4 taxi fare from her benefits, which soon became too dear.’
    • ‘The passenger was not happy with the Metrolink service, and said ticket prices were very dear.’
    expensive, costly, high-cost, high-priced, highly priced, big-budget, overpriced, exorbitant, extortionate
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    1. 2.1 (of money) available as a loan only at a high rate of interest.
      • ‘Right now, Britain's housing market is being hit by dear money.’
      • ‘A ledu official informed him the farm development loan he had signed with the bank was ‘very dear money’.’
      • ‘The theory is that depression in the export industries, coupled if necessary with dear money and credit restriction, diffuse themselves evenly and fairly rapidly throughout the whole community.’
      • ‘But it was not until 1996 that Payne was informed by an agricultural adviser that the farming development loan was ‘very dear money’.’

noun

  • 1Used as an affectionate or friendly form of address.

    ‘don't you worry, dear’
    • ‘"Sorry, Dear, " smiled Izumi, contradicting her husband.’
    • ‘‘You're awfully late, dear,’ Prince Alfonso was heard to mutter in English.’
    • ‘It was fine, dear, but please do be polite to your sister and let her finish.’
    • ‘"Good morning dear, " they both said as the three exchanged kisses.’
    • ‘Never let it be said that I don't have high expectations of you, my dears.’
    • ‘"Now dear, it is quite alright to cry in situations like these.’
    • ‘On hearing our lament for a country gone frankly insane, she simply suggested, ‘Well, dears, why don't you move here?’
    • ‘"I hope you know how much we love you dear, " she said as she hugged her daughter.’
    • ‘"Ok dear, I'll leave you here with Cassandra while I go finish some preparations.’
    • ‘‘Well, be careful where you go, my dears,’ she warned.’
    • ‘I'll do anything, for you, dear, anything, 'cause you mean everything to me.’
    • ‘Well dear are you sure you'll be okay if I send you alone?’
    • ‘A young nurse put me to bed and said: ‘Would you like a nice cuppa tea, dear?’’
    • ‘I thought you'd want what I want - sorry, my dear.’
    • ‘So he says to the first, ‘How much do you love me, my dear?’’
    • ‘Make sure you don't spoil your dinner, dears.’
    • ‘Then, she looked at my friend and said, ‘But you need a bigger pair, my dear.’’
    • ‘"He'll be fine, don't worry dear, " Trudy confirmed.’
    • ‘I restated my plight and asked: who might you be, my dear?’
    • ‘After a moment had passed she smiled and said, " Of course, dear!"’
    darling, dearest, love, beloved, loved one, sweetheart, sweet, precious, treasure
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    1. 1.1 A sweet or endearing person.
      • ‘But Sara didn't know how she could cheer the little dear's father.’
      • ‘And people look as if the poor old dear has said something obscene.’
      • ‘Sanjuro, I am sure you are much more mature than my own son, so could you be a good sweet dear and pass me that bundt cake pan?’
      • ‘The poor old dear was probably out of her mind with worry by now.’
      • ‘Oh, he is such a dear.’
      • ‘Yes unfortunately she died sometime in the night, poor old dear.’
      lovable person, adorable person, endearing person
      View synonyms

adverb

British
  • At a high cost.

    ‘they buy property cheaply and sell dear’
    • ‘Motoring organisations have been worried by new legislation, which is awaiting its second reading in the European Parliament, that could cost motorists dear.’
    • ‘But the combination of political spin and media hype cost investors dear.’
    • ‘Buy cheap and sell dear, and that goes for people and the results of their labour.’
    • ‘If nothing else, Sircam and Nimda have established one thing: when it comes to viruses, ignorant staff can cost your company dear.’
    • ‘The decline in service standards - which unions blame on a shortage of trained staff - are likely to cost the company dear.’
    • ‘Common sense (which is a surprisingly rare commodity) tells us we should buy cheap and sell dear.’
    • ‘Then came the long years of the cold war which saw the Soviet Union continue to blindly follow communism even though that pursuit cost it and its people dear.’
    • ‘Fraud Squad officers from North Yorkshire police say they have encountered reports of several ‘scams’ which have cost local people dear.’
    • ‘An immature and petulant display by the centre-back cost his side dear as the game progressed.’
    • ‘If a merchant is one who buys cheap and sells dear, Kirch broke that golden rule by buying dear with money he didn't have.’
    • ‘The continuing dispute has, however, still cost the company dear.’
    • ‘Yet this costs the bank dear, because it carefully screens out companies which would like a Co-op account but which breach its guidelines.’
    at a high price, at an excessive price, at an exorbitant price, at high cost, at great cost
    View synonyms

exclamation

  • Used in expressions of surprise, dismay, or sympathy.

    ‘oh dear, I've upset you’
    • ‘A few miles further on they will drive calmly past the carnage they have caused, and remark primly to each other ‘Oh dear!’’
    • ‘They described Jackson as ‘a bespectacled Australian’ - oh dear!’
    • ‘Then they went and ruined it all by upgrading to a new site - oh dear!’
    • ‘She started painting when she was told she was box office poison, and she thought, Oh, dear, it's going to be a long, sad period of life, and I've got to do something or I'll go crazy.’
    • ‘Yes - the number had been disconnected - oh dear!’
    • ‘I've had conversations with Kofi in the run-up to war, thinking oh, dear, there will be a transcript of this and people will hear what I'm saying.’
    • ‘If you're a card-holder then you might be thinking ‘Oh dear!’’
    • ‘And she said, oh, dear, to think I am to blame for that.’

Phrases

  • for dear life

Origin

Old English dēore, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch dier ‘beloved’, also to Dutch duur and German teuer ‘expensive’.

Pronunciation

dear

/dɪr//dir/