Definition of damage in English:

damage

noun

  • 1Physical harm caused to something in such a way as to impair its value, usefulness, or normal function.

    • ‘US Army Air Corps officers believed that bomb damage resulted primarily from blast effects.’
    • ‘In addition to being fatal in large enough doses, paracetamol can cause permanent damage to the liver.’
    • ‘Prompt treatment with steroids may prevent further irreversible nerve damage.’
    • ‘Extensive flood damage has closed a 20-block section of downtown Richmond.’
    • ‘Instead of letting up, they exacerbate their injuries, potentially causing permanent damage.’
    • ‘If this condition persists too long the baby suffers irreparable brain damage.’
    • ‘Thankfully there was only mild smoke damage to the family accommodation.’
    • ‘One of the most common cartilage injuries is damage to the fibrocartilage in the knee joint.’
    • ‘Suspected items are not to be used as weapons or to cause bodily harm or damage to personal property in any way.’
    • ‘A car accident left me with whiplash, a concussion, and severe ligament damage.’
    • ‘Luckily for us this incident had caused no harm or any damage to the equipment.’
    • ‘The U.S. embassy building sustained extensive structural damage.’
    • ‘Mr Smith said severe physical illness had resulted in physical damage to the brain.’
    • ‘Motorists have paid the price of deteriorating roads with damage to their vehicles.’
    • ‘Apart from a few bruises, we arrived in Hobart with no injuries and no damage to the yacht.’
    • ‘Coalition bombing, which struck nuclear and chemical weapons installations, also caused serious environmental damage.’
    • ‘Deaths, injuries and damage resulting from drink-driving in the city have risen in recent years.’
    • ‘The move is to prevent vandals from causing further damage to the property.’
    • ‘Mavis watched in dismay as youths drinking alcohol gathered in alleys, causing criminal damage to property and vehicles.’
    • ‘These fires cause damage to property and often lead to personal injury.’
    harm, injury, destruction, vandalization, vandalism
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Unwelcome and detrimental effects.
      ‘the damage to his reputation was considerable’
      • ‘The organization needs to be punished both in the courts and at the ballot box and if this happens then there will be no lasting damage to the peace process.’
      • ‘The misery and human damage our policies have inflicted on some people will never be undone.’
      • ‘Don't you have deep-rooted psychological damage from your time amongst the other kids?’
      • ‘I could find no discernible psychological damage or mental health difficulties.’
      • ‘The damage to the UN and our relations with Europe will have long-term repercussions.’
      • ‘The Secretary said he deeply regrets the damage done to the reputation of the military and the country as a whole.’
      • ‘The articles are seen as causing serious damage to Alexander's reputation.’
      • ‘Economists say that the current global oil price hike will be absorbed without too much damage to the economy.’
      • ‘The most voracious debt will invariably do the most psychological damage.’
      • ‘This will do nothing but damage to the villagers and can only be detrimental to the area.’
      • ‘However, we are concerned about the psychological damage you have inflicted on your victims.’
      • ‘Does he not see the inner torment and psychological damage this is causing me?’
      • ‘The institution of monarchy has inflicted terrible psychological damage on him since he was a toddler.’
      • ‘There will inevitably be damage to the firm's brand value caused by the publicity.’
      • ‘Being able to let go seems safer psychologically, as damage occurs from a failure to release things.’
      • ‘Jim was a sneaky little manipulator, and he could do a lot of damage to me behind my back.’
      • ‘If oil prices remain high, then it will probably be developing countries who will suffer the most economic damage.’
      • ‘Cesare died at the age of 30, far before his sister, but the damage to her reputation had already been done.’
      • ‘It is hard to know what psychological damage another defeat might have inflicted on Chambers.’
      • ‘No matter what, this battle will cause tremendous damage to the newspaper vendors.’
  • 2damagesA sum of money claimed or awarded in compensation for a loss or an injury.

    ‘she was awarded $284,000 in damages’
    • ‘The Claimant is seeking damages for loss of access to Government Business Grants.’
    • ‘Awards of damages are primarily intended to compensate for loss, whether pecuniary or non-pecuniary.’
    • ‘Nor do I think it is necessary to achieve just satisfaction of the claimant's claim that damages should be awarded.’
    • ‘As a result, the defendants deny that the plaintiff is entitled to damages for wrongful dismissal.’
    • ‘Many of the criteria derive from the principles adopted in awarding special damages for personal injuries.’
    • ‘The claimants claim damages for libel against the three defendants in the current action arising out of the article.’
    • ‘Ms. Jones claims economic losses in the form of loss of income and general damages for her injuries.’
    • ‘It also seeks an award of monetary damages for losses incurred as a result of the defendants' unlawful conduct.’
    • ‘Put another way, the Federal Court could not award damages in a judicial review proceeding.’
    • ‘The Defendants maintain that the claim for damages for libel must in consequence fail.’
    • ‘The judge had rejected both approaches and awarded £2,500 general damages for loss of amenity.’
    • ‘The second principle may be that the court should not award exemplary or aggravated damages.’
    • ‘However, any right to award damages or other remedy is restricted to courts that already have the power to make such an award.’
    • ‘Before his death, he issued a writ against the defendant claiming damages for personal injuries.’
    • ‘He or she sues not only for personal injury but for damages for the loss or destruction of the motor vehicle.’
    • ‘Accordingly, the plaintiff's claim for damages for mental distress is dismissed.’
    • ‘The defendants claim damages which they allege that they suffered from the granting of the injunction.’
    • ‘I am satisfied that I have jurisdiction to award damages in lieu of an injunction.’
    • ‘I would not, therefore, have been able to award the Claimants any damages even if they had established liability.’
    • ‘He had won damages after the newspaper printed allegations about his involvement with a prostitute.’
    compensation, recompense, restitution, redress, reparation, reparations
    View synonyms

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Inflict physical harm on (something) so as to impair its value, usefulness, or normal function.

    ‘the car was badly damaged in the accident’
    ‘damaged ligaments’
    • ‘He also admitted a further charge of making a threat to destroy or damage her home.’
    • ‘The accident damaged the propeller and both sets of landing gear at the nose and the rear of the plane.’
    • ‘Windows were smashed and the roof was damaged but the vandals failed to get into the building.’
    • ‘The driver escaped serious injury although the car was badly damaged in the impact.’
    • ‘If your tooth is damaged by accident then the pulp may be affected and get infected.’
    • ‘The empty house became the target for vandals, and five years ago it was badly damaged in a fire.’
    • ‘He said all the trees on the land were damaged by vandals four months ago and only replaced this week.’
    • ‘The forester implored anyone seeing vandals damaging the tree to report it immediately to the police.’
    • ‘Lomax's car was badly damaged and had a smashed windscreen and two shredded tyres.’
    • ‘Swan revealed he was out of action at Turf Moor for almost a year after damaging his cruciate ligament.’
    • ‘The end terrace house was badly damaged in the blaze which started when a gas fire set light to a sofa in the front room.’
    • ‘A pupil and a teacher suffered minor injuries and the bus was damaged in the accident.’
    • ‘The vandals broke into the car, damaged the ignition and stole her walking stick.’
    • ‘The car was damaged in the accident but the driver did not stop and it was later found burned out.’
    • ‘This is ionizing radiation, which damages genetic material and disrupts cell function.’
    • ‘Wayne hit the windscreen of a car in the smash, severely damaging his brain.’
    • ‘Frustrated motorists trying to negotiate traffic calming methods at speed will damage their cars.’
    • ‘This can result in a severely damaged thyroid gland that functions poorly or not at all.’
    • ‘The car doorframe was damaged and the covering around the steering column had been removed.’
    • ‘One of the cottages was severely damaged in November when it was hit by a stolen car.’
    harm, do damage to, injure, mar, deface, mutilate, mangle, impair, blemish, disfigure, vandalize, blight, spoil, defile, desecrate
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Have a detrimental effect on.
      ‘the scandal could seriously damage his career’
      • ‘It severely damages the image and value of sport, whether or not the motivation to use drugs is to improve performance.’
      • ‘The changed item could do harm to the author by mocking him or damaging his reputation.’
      • ‘In breaking that promise, the party's political credibility is severely damaged.’
      • ‘Few seem prepared to stand up to a prejudice that is both socially and economically damaging.’
      • ‘All this was good for morale, but rivalries could have a damaging effect on operational efficiency.’
      • ‘Its effects will be particularly damaging on small businesses and entrepreneurs.’
      • ‘She does not want her name used for fear of damaging her husband's future career.’
      • ‘The other allegation is a lot trickier and potentially a lot more damaging.’
      • ‘Has the coverage been fair to those who say the bill badly damages free speech?’
      • ‘It was in this capacity that he became embroiled in a damaging series of scandals.’
      • ‘If you don't do so and we get these side effects, our embryonic sense of hope is badly damaged.’
      • ‘The central theme here is the damaging effect of selfish thinking and behaviour.’
      • ‘At the very least, it will badly damage the reputation of the hardliners.’
      • ‘Suddenly, it appears that once a pitcher passes his prime, one bad season will irreparably damage his reputation.’
      • ‘Some are unhappy at the possibility of a highly geared offer that could damage the value of their investments.’
      • ‘He is seen as something of a damaged figure in the wake of a number of scandals.’
      • ‘In the long run, arguing may have a damaging effect on your relationship, and on your whole family.’
      • ‘The low price meant I could buy a couple of bottles and not damage my bank balance too badly.’
      • ‘The slur made by your critic is a very serious and damaging one to the organization and its unconditional generosity.’
      • ‘At the very least their own career is then finished, at worse it could probably damage their own party.’
      harmful, detrimental, injurious, hurtful, inimical, dangerous, destructive, ruinous, calamitous, disastrous, deleterious, pernicious, ill, bad, evil, baleful, malign, corrupting, malignant, adverse, undesirable, prejudicial, unfavourable, unfortunate, counterproductive
      View synonyms

Phrases

  • what's the damage?

    • informal, humorous Used to ask the cost of something.

      • ‘I'll settle up now, what's the damage?’
      • ‘What's the damage? Forty quid a session.’
      cost, price, expense, charge, bill, account, total
      View synonyms

Origin

Middle English: from Old French, from dam, damne ‘loss or damage’, from Latin damnum ‘loss or hurt’; compare with damn.

Pronunciation

damage

/ˈdamij//ˈdæmɪdʒ/