Definition of Dalton in English:

Dalton

proper noun

  • A city in northwestern Georgia; population 33,648 (est. 2008)

Pronunciation:

Dalton

/ˈdôltn/

Definition of dalton in English:

dalton

noun

Chemistry
  • A unit used in expressing the molecular weight of proteins, equivalent to atomic mass unit.

    • ‘Lepirudin is composed of 65 or 66 amino acids and has a molecular weight of 7000 daltons.’
    • ‘Determination of the mass spectrum of LCP-J8 resulted in a calculated molecular weight of 14,158.45 daltons.’
    • ‘Molecular weights of protein standards are shown in daltons.’
    • ‘Sterically unhindered because its molecular weight is 527 daltons, Argatroban neutralizes the active serine catalytic site of both free and bound thrombin.’
    • ‘These proteins allow diffusion of ions and even large molecules of the size of several hundred daltons.’

Origin

1930s: named after John Dalton(see Dalton, John).

Pronunciation:

dalton

/ˈdôltn/