Definition of cytomegalovirus in US English:


(also CMV)


  • A kind of herpesvirus which usually produces very mild symptoms in an infected person but may cause severe neurological damage in people with weakened immune systems and in the newborn.

    • ‘Serologic test results for hepatitis B and C virus and cytomegalovirus were negative.’
    • ‘People with HIV can also develop encephalitis from Toxoplasmosis and from the cytomegalovirus.’
    • ‘Congenital toxoplasmosis can mimic disease caused by organisms such as herpes simplex virus, cytomegalovirus, and rubella virus.’
    • ‘The list of possible etiologies includes rubella, cytomegalovirus infection, herpes simplex infection, anoxic or ischemic damage, thalidomide exposure and very low birth weight.’
    • ‘Other viruses, such as cytomegalovirus, herpes, and adenovirus, can also cause interstitial nephritis.’
    • ‘Immunohistochemical staining for cytomegalovirus and herpesvirus was performed to exclude these infections in 4 patients.’
    • ‘The immunohistochemical study for herpes virus and cytomegalovirus was negative in all cases.’
    • ‘Past studies have hinted that herpes simplex viruses and cytomegalovirus, all of which are active in brain tissues, might be associated with dementia.’
    • ‘The most common congenital viral infection is cytomegalovirus.’
    • ‘Illnesses that can cause congenital hearing loss include infections during pregnancy, such as rubella, cytomegalovirus, toxoplasmosis, herpes or syphilis.’