A method of building a tunnel by making a cutting, which is then lined and covered over.
- ‘The cut-and-cover lines are so much more pleasant than the deep-down tracks.’
- ‘It also does grading, foundation excavation, and cut-and-cover excavation for installing underground utilities and paves roads and parking areas.’
- ‘The architects of later pyramids ensured that there was adequate access to underground chambers by using cut-and-cover techniques rather than tunnelling.’
- ‘A cut-and-cover operation requiring the excavation of 650,000 cubic yards of soil, the tunnel itself called for 130,000 cubic yards of concrete to be placed.’
- ‘The line that runs beneath 41st Street was constructed later using cut-and-cover as well as tunneling techniques.’
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.