A greenish-gray lichen that has small, cuplike structures arising from its spreading lobes and is found typically on heathland and moorland.
- ‘The lichen flora of the bog is well developed with as many as 10 different species of Cladonia which include bearded lichen, antler horn lichen, cup lichen and matchstick lichen.’
- ‘Mosses and pixi cup lichens cohabit the top of an old spruce stump.’
- ‘On some of the more bare areas in the centre of the site are lichen/moss communities with cup lichens most frequent.’
- ‘Cladonia (cup lichen) is a genus of moss-like lichens in the family Cladoniaceae.’
- ‘Early colonisers are matchstick lichens, followed by cup lichens and finally bearded lichens which reach their maximum development and cover after 10 years.’