Definition of culture in English:

culture

noun

  • 1The arts and other manifestations of human intellectual achievement regarded collectively.

    ‘20th century popular culture’
    • ‘He remains an aesthete, but his appreciation of culture is now spiritually empty.’
    • ‘It seeks to impose ever-greater restrictions on a broad range of human knowledge and culture.’
    • ‘This juxtaposition is exemplary of the divide and attempted dialogue between contemporary art and popular culture.’
    • ‘The auteur's true genius lies in his ability to combine high art with popular culture.’
    • ‘Their chief concern was mass culture and popular art and their topics included cinema, pop music, cars and science fiction.’
    • ‘The absence of a sustained analysis on the role of literature and popular culture in the shaping of national identity is more serious.’
    • ‘Music, and popular culture as we knew it, would never be the same again.’
    • ‘Scott has always been preoccupied with diffusing the distinction between high art and popular culture.’
    • ‘Sport, and its relationship with the media, have become key markers of late - 20th century popular culture.’
    • ‘I have a lot of respect for him, particularly regarding his place in popular culture.’
    • ‘The breakthrough of punk internationally put rock music and popular culture back in the hands of fans and amateurs.’
    • ‘Cultural boundaries - between east and west, popular culture and high art - are dissolved.’
    • ‘Those topics are the impact of technology and popular mass culture, both elusive subjects with which to deal in general terms.’
    • ‘Like others, she is also against the misogyny in so much of our popular and intellectual culture.’
    • ‘Links are made to the fields of history, literature, music and popular culture.’
    • ‘You are most likely to have come across the UK's popular culture through its pop music, television and films.’
    • ‘Music was a vital part of human culture long before anyone was able to mass reproduce and sell recordings of it.’
    • ‘It has often been regarded, like folk music, as a genuine popular culture, in danger of extinction.’
    • ‘As so often these days, a study of the past of archaeology throws up revealing insights into modern intellectual culture.’
    • ‘This is not fringe culture, but rather intelligent, mature art that can appeal to a much larger audience than it currently receives.’
    the arts, the humanities
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    1. 1.1 A refined understanding or appreciation of culture.
      ‘men of culture’
      • ‘Like Flaubert and Proust, he was the son of a doctor, in that era a profession of wide culture and learning.’
      artistic awareness, intellectual awareness, education, cultivation, enlightenment, discernment, discrimination, good taste, taste, refinement, polish
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  • 2The customs, arts, social institutions, and achievements of a particular nation, people, or other social group.

    ‘Caribbean culture’
    ‘people from many different cultures’
    • ‘As a result, much of traditional Azande culture and custom has ceased to exist.’
    • ‘One is to recommend that immigrants conform to the customs, habits and culture of their host country.’
    • ‘It has played a huge role in the development of human culture, and for centuries has contributed in the most fundamental way to philosophy.’
    • ‘Their customs and culture are part of the rich heritage of our country.’
    • ‘If we don't attend to our moral traditions - to our culture - then our society could come apart at the seams.’
    • ‘These quotations highlight the role of culture and society in shaping the behavior of both men and women.’
    • ‘While the study of Aboriginal art and culture is now regarded as important, this was not always the case.’
    • ‘It suggests the mythical dimension inherent in all genuine expressions of human culture and literature.’
    • ‘They have been studied extensively and figure prominently in human culture and mythology.’
    • ‘We have all the laws and ordinances but these are pre-empted by culture and social values.’
    • ‘He repeatedly celebrated the revival of the Hebrew culture and the cultural achievements of the Jews.’
    • ‘Even two people in the same culture will make different connections between sets of ideas.’
    • ‘Many will say that we as a society have lost our culture and tradition, and there is no longer a sense of respect or care.’
    • ‘For him the work involves appreciating another culture and understanding how it thinks.’
    • ‘Our customs, culture, and societal structure demands the presence of the father.’
    • ‘We have expertise in understanding culture, conflict resolution and capacity building.’
    • ‘After all, what good is all the technical knowledge without an appreciation and understanding of our culture?’
    • ‘He embraced new ideas and technology, yet cherished his people's culture and customs.’
    • ‘Two fundamental social cleavages of Canadian society are language and culture.’
    • ‘This primarily involves questions about a society's culture, social life, and public sphere.’
    civilization, society, way of life, lifestyle
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    1. 2.1with modifier The attitudes and behavior characteristic of a particular social group.
      ‘the emerging drug culture’
      • ‘Based on the movie of the same title, the show is about drug dealers, users, and the position of cash at the center of drug culture lifestyles.’
      • ‘They skilfully adapted traditional beliefs and customs to European material culture and economic realities.’
      • ‘Moyles is renowned for his near the knuckle humour, laddish chat and his appreciation of pub culture.’
      • ‘They also felt there was a need to instill in new labour market entrants a greater appreciation of the work culture.’
      • ‘What is the special relationship between youth culture and popular music?’
      • ‘Journalism's culture of professionalization has stayed the news industry's own hand.’
      • ‘The emergence of Britain's drug and gun culture had impacted on his force to such an extent that ‘something had to give’.’
      • ‘The bootleg culture has tuned the collective ear to genre-fusing experiments.’
      • ‘You should be somewhat familiar with the company's philosophies and corporate culture.’
      • ‘Kids appreciate hip hop culture over there and it's a fun place to be.’
      • ‘This mandates a proper understanding of the work culture and wise utilization of available resources.’
      • ‘Western consumer culture has fostered an attitude of ‘I want it and I want it now’.’
      • ‘The defining characteristic of network culture is speed; only the quick survive.’
      • ‘In many inner-city neighbourhoods, children emulate gangster culture and profess scorn for those who succeed in school.’
      • ‘The flip side is the work culture and manager's attitude to the uncovering of errors.’
      • ‘People involved in a drug culture tend to gravitate toward others who are doing the same thing.’
      • ‘The professional culture of journalism further impedes the public's interest in elections.’
      • ‘I don't think that people in general are so dumb as to buy into consumer culture without having any idea of what is going on.’
      • ‘He then accused the powers that be of failing to appreciate younger people's culture.’
      • ‘Television was the perfect mainline to pump the West's veins full of the consumer culture drug.’
  • 3Biology
    The cultivation of bacteria, tissue cells, etc. in an artificial medium containing nutrients.

    ‘the cells proliferate readily in culture’
    • ‘Circadian rhythms are known to be exhibited by all peripheral tissues and mammalian cells in culture.’
    • ‘Imagine the ability to grow human cells in culture to grow muscle tissue.’
    • ‘Chromosome analysis requires growing cells in culture and harvesting dividing cells.’
    • ‘A feature shared by senescent cells in culture and in vivo is shortening of the telomeres.’
    • ‘The ratio of percent binucleate to mononucleate cells was used as a parameter of cell proliferation in culture.’
    1. 3.1 A preparation of cells obtained from a culture.
      ‘the bacterium was isolated in two blood cultures’
      • ‘Samples from three independently grown cell cultures were analyzed in parallel.’
      • ‘The vaccine continued to be used for many years, until replaced by a vaccine prepared in cell cultures.’
      • ‘We presume this reduction reflects dead cells in the mutant cultures, as noted above.’
      • ‘Slides from the same blood cultures were later prepared for automated analysis.’
      • ‘Lab mice and chick embryos infected with the virus died quickly, and it also grew rapidly in cultures of human lung cells.’
  • 4The cultivation of plants.

    ‘this variety of lettuce is popular for its ease of culture’
    • ‘Plants were cultivated under the same conditions as in hydroponic culture.’
    • ‘It is important to buy from a grower who gives you good culture directions for the plant you buy.’
    • ‘However, this approach has so far failed because of failure to regenerate plants from culture.’
    • ‘During plant culture, young roots were harvested at the end of the light period on 4-week-old plants.’
    • ‘A flexible tube connected the bottoms of the two chambers during plant culture, but the tube was blocked during treatments.’
    cultivation, growing, farming
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verb

[WITH OBJECT]Biology
  • Maintain (tissue cells, bacteria, etc.) in conditions suitable for growth.

    • ‘The dissociated epithelial cells were cultured in a serum-free hormone supplement medium according to a technique described previously.’
    • ‘The bone explants were then cultured in the presence or absence of the agents to be tested for 2 days.’
    • ‘Microspores cultured in vitro in a rich medium develop into mature pollen grains, which are fertile upon pollination in vivo.’
    • ‘Bovine aortic endothelial cells were cultured in complete growth medium as described previously.’
    • ‘The tumor cell line was directly cultured on the coverslips.’

Origin

Middle English (denoting a cultivated piece of land): the noun from French culture or directly from Latin cultura ‘growing, cultivation’; the verb from obsolete French culturer or medieval Latin culturare, both based on Latin colere ‘tend, cultivate’ (see cultivate). In late Middle English the sense was ‘cultivation of the soil’ and from this (early 16th century), arose ‘cultivation (of the mind, faculties, or manners’); culture (sense 1 of the noun) dates from the early 19th century.

Pronunciation

culture

/ˈkəltʃər//ˈkəlCHər/