Definition of crystal in English:

crystal

noun

  • 1A piece of a homogeneous solid substance having a natural geometrically regular form with symmetrically arranged plane faces.

    • ‘Where possible, flawed sections are removed and larger crystals cut into smaller pieces with minimal wastage by splitting the crystal along natural cleavage planes.’
    • ‘Depending on the plane of section, crystals may appear as triangles or other shapes in thin section.’
    • ‘But because of their fivefold symmetry, icosahedral clusters can't combine to form a regular crystal.’
    • ‘Cirrus cloud usually forms above 16,000 feet where the temperature is below freezing, and the resultant cloud consists of many millions of ice crystals.’
    • ‘Most plant cells rupture when jagged ice crystals form inside them, and if enough damage takes place, plants die.’
    • ‘Most ices and sorbets require beating or whisking regularly as they freeze, to break up the ice crystals.’
    • ‘It was still beautiful, brushed in white with ice crystals wrapping themselves around every branch and twig, but the vineyards and resorts I'd known were gone of course.’
    • ‘Wiggling through fractured ice and snow crystals, they burrow as deep as three to six feet (one to two meters) beneath the surface of the ice.’
    • ‘In fact, it is easy to spot the planes of large ice crystals when you bite into the lolly.’
    • ‘This month, NASA is conducting a field campaign in southern Florida to investigate high tropical cirrus clouds composed of tiny ice crystals.’
    • ‘But scientists have long known that the freezing process creates ice crystals, which destroy cells and cellular structures.’
    • ‘Natural crystals, by contrast, all bear repeating patterns like those commonly found in the tiling of a bathroom floor.’
    • ‘These were at first unsuccessful; the fruits were mushy when thawed, since they had been frozen too slowly so that large ice crystals formed which disrupted their delicate tissues.’
    1. 1.1Chemistry Any solid consisting of a symmetrical, ordered, three-dimensional aggregation of atoms or molecules.
      • ‘Scientists soon learned that they could use X-ray diffraction to learn how atoms and molecules were arranged in crystals.’
      • ‘The cleavage planes between prismatic stibnite crystals have been infilled by sphalerite.’
      • ‘Thus, the crystals have cleavage planes for the necessary migration aptitude.’
      • ‘If these photons are reflected back into the junction, by a cleavage plane in the crystal, for example, a standing wave can be established.’
      • ‘The pattern of diffracted rays and their intensity are determined from the arrangement of atoms and number of electrons on each atom in the crystal.’
    2. 1.2Electronics A crystalline piece of semiconductor used as an oscillator or transducer.
      • ‘Because atoms in a semiconductor crystal are adjacent, their action on one another causes electrons to pass energy continuously.’
      • ‘The crystal oscillator is suitable for any fundamental mode crystals in the 5 to 30MHz range.’
      • ‘This peak is then used to make the slight correction necessary to bring the crystal oscillator and hence the microwave field exactly on frequency.’
      • ‘More accurate clocks based on the regular vibrations of a quartz crystal superseded them.’
      • ‘A crystal connected to an alternating voltage source will vibrate, generating an alternating voltage.’
    3. 1.3 A clear transparent mineral, especially quartz.
      • ‘Certain crystals will split incoming light into two separate rays; Iceland spar is one such crystal, as are calcite and quartz.’
      • ‘Many of these calcite crystals and crystal groups are partially or completely covered with an overgrowth of pyrite.’
      • ‘Some are made of pure quartz crystal, but many are made of other types of stone found in abundance on Earth.’
      • ‘Somewhat darker, but no less impressive, is a similarly large crystal of smoky quartz from the Ural Mountains.’
      • ‘Simultaneously, large quartz crystal groups were formed on the ceiling and walls of the cavern.’
    4. 1.4 A piece of crystalline substance believed to have healing powers.
      • ‘Steward claims she would not have been able to compete in the marathon without the crystal to awaken her dormant mind power.’
      • ‘Starting from the top of the body, hold one crystal in front and one behind the back and gently work your way down.’
      • ‘Smoky Quartz is a powerful healing crystal and a grounder of excess energy.’
      • ‘New Age practices such as occultism, crystal power and astrology are examples of spiritual but not religious pursuits of enlightenment.’
      • ‘This opaque crystal is a powerful aura cleanser and can be used to clear sacred spaces.’
  • 2Highly transparent glass with a high refractive index.

    as modifier ‘a crystal chandelier’
    • ‘The place was a mess; all the tables were either broken or burnt to cinders, crystal glass and china fragments littered the floor along with shattered cutlery and shredded table cloths.’
    • ‘Whether it's made of glass or brass, cutglass crystal or ceramics, a vase is a thing of beauty, writes SURABHI KHOSLA.’
    • ‘To wash it all down, we stuck with the house white - an Australian wine, which is drunk from some new exquisite long stem crystal glasses.’
    • ‘Alexander shouted impatiently, banging his crystal glass of whisky down on the desk and spilling it slightly.’
    • ‘Expect the best crystal wine glasses, such as Schott or Riedel, in the correct shape for each wine, be it a Tempranillo or a Sauvignon Blanc.’
    • ‘But she remembered one dream in detail and knew it to be a dream: She was at a party in a mansion with large mirrored rooms and crystal chandeliers.’
    • ‘The inside of the restaurant is splendid and elegant, decorated with green crystal glass screens dividing it into different dining areas with dazzling dragon wall sculptures.’
    • ‘There are over 40 varieties made from clay, marble, granite, brass, panchaloka, aluminium, papier-mâché rosewood, sandalwood, crystal glass etc.’
    • ‘Goods valued at thousands of euro, including crystal glass, have been taken by shoplifters, believed to be from Cork and Waterford, from a number of stores.’
    • ‘Canoe camps range from fully catered varieties with luxury tents and crystal glass down to more basic operations where you put up your own mosquito net and join in with the cooking.’
    • ‘High-grade crystal glass has its own delicate sound.’
    • ‘Chorusing male red-ruffed fruit crows sound like breath blown across a bottle, followed by a finger spun along the wet rim of a crystal glass.’
    • ‘The other terms that confuse many are the words crystal, cut crystal, or crystal glass.’
    • ‘Lifting up his glass of water, and noting the way the pure crystal glass glinted in the harsh light, he took a small sip from it.’
    • ‘There will also be a show of local crafts including fretwork, crystal glass, embroidery, dancing costumes, placemats, potted plants, flowers, and taxidermy.’
    • ‘For instance, one room is completely walled in mirrors with huge crystal chandeliers hanging from the ceiling.’
    • ‘Cut glass crystal was the mainstay and it took the intervention of fashion designers into the glass industry to turn the thinking around.’
    • ‘‘There will be six pottery stalls, two selling stainless steel saucepans and one selling crystal glass,’ he said.’
    • ‘Although the magical scenery filled with priceless glass and crystal furnishings was spectacular and worth a closer look, the two had no time to marvel at it.’
    1. 2.1 Articles made of crystal glass.
      ‘a collection of crystal’
      • ‘The company is cutting jobs and closing plants to save money as demand ebbs for its china dinner services, glassware and crystal because consumers are spending less.’
      • ‘Lace tablecloth, lace napkins, her mother's best china and Waterford crystal, and real silver silverware.’
      • ‘The table is set as usual, with great attention to detail, with glimmering silver and shining crystal, but today I cannot find any delight in it.’
      • ‘I used the best china, crystal, and silver for the table.’
      • ‘I held my breath until he set the glass down on the counter envisioning what would happen to us if we broke a piece of Mother's crystal.’
      • ‘But the real highlight of the trip was dinner, served in the opulent dining cars by candlelight on linen, with crystal, flowers and silverware.’
      • ‘Tables seating two to 10 are set with fine linen, china, silver, and crystal.’
      • ‘I returned his smile, moving off to investigate a small glass case of crystal figurines sitting beside one of the cash registers.’
      • ‘Many little crystal and silver figures were placed on the ledge.’
      • ‘Take larger valuables such as the family crystal, silverware, and china, and pack them away.’
      glassware, crystalware
      View synonyms
    2. 2.2 The glass over a watch face.
      • ‘The only description I can equate is when the watch crystal catches a beam of sun and dances around the walls/ceilings.’
      • ‘Sapphire crystal is the cover of choice for premium watches.’
      • ‘The cornea is the clear part of the eye much like a watch crystal.’
  • 3informal

    short for crystal meth (methamphetamine)

adjective

  • Clear and transparent like crystal.

    ‘the clean crystal waters of the lake’
    • ‘More accurately, he found himself unable to hear anything above the intense rage that clouded his mind, or rather, cleaned it to crystal clarity.’
    • ‘It is a great place for little trout as they dart about in the crystal water and feed on the fat flies that unwittingly drop from the branches.’
    • ‘Those who demand crystal water on every dive best stay at home, but on the positive side, it is this occasional green soup that draws in the mantas and the other vast profusion of life.’
    • ‘This lives up to its name for a hundred yards where it runs with crystal spring water, then we get dry track, a meadow or two, and the final climb back, all the way under the intimidating command of the castle.’
    • ‘The crystal light of a clear winter morning, dramatic stormy skies and the golden warmth of an autumn day: all find a place in this splendid evocation of the Lake District.’
    • ‘Geese soared through air, and came to rest on the crystal water.’
    • ‘For this is a beautiful city, surrounded by waters of crystal purity and with a myriad of historic buildings to boot.’
    • ‘He looked at the water again, clear and crystal blue.’
    • ‘The water was crystal green, reflecting the green mountains along the river.’
    • ‘It was full of green slime and muck instead of crystal clean water.’
    • ‘Here crystal water, accompanied by brisk birds, carefree fish and ancient trees, flows through rocks, silent one moment and murmuring the next.’
    • ‘He peered into the pool of clear, crystal water.’
    • ‘The pool is motionless and so clear it gives a magnified look to what is underneath the crystal sheet of water.’
    • ‘Inside the thick envelope was a card showing a school of dolphins from above, surfacing through crystal water.’
    • ‘But wading out into the crystal water, I had to remind myself that only 50m away was the largest accessible shipwreck in the world of recreational diving.’
    • ‘The crystal blue sea and clean blue sky over the horizon varied occasionally from sunrise to sunset.’

Phrases

  • crystal clear

    • 1Completely transparent and unclouded.

      • ‘The water is warm and crystal clear, and few visual experiences beat watching the last rays of the sun fingering the canyon walls.’
      • ‘Where is the crystal clear, pure, unpolluted water that once characterized the river as well as most shallow wells in the area?’
      • ‘The waterfalls were crystal clear, while elegant pavilions stand under trees that drip with bright red flowers.’
      • ‘Although I visited in February, when snow was on the ground, most days were crystal clear, sunny and not overly cold.’
      • ‘The river is pale green and crystal clear, with brilliant orange stones on the bed in some parts, and we drank from it all the way along.’
      • ‘The surface area of the lake now covers 570 square kilometres and its waters are crystal clear.’
      obvious, evident, plain, apparent, crystal clear, as clear as crystal, transparent
      transparent, limpid, pellucid, translucent, crystalline, crystal clear, glassy, glass-like
      View synonyms
      1. 1.1Unambiguous; easily understood.
        ‘the house rules are crystal clear’
        • ‘Recent events have made it crystal clear that this region is all too easily ignored by the nation's power brokers.’
        • ‘My views on racism are crystal clear, so I assume there could be no question mark over my motivations.’
        • ‘On Friday the European parliament made its position crystal clear.’
        • ‘But we are quite plain in terms of our policy and Mark has made it absolutely crystal clear that that policy is not about to change.’
        • ‘The sound was crystal clear, the music was haunting and soothing.’
        • ‘It has also been made crystal clear by health authorities in the past that the blood which is donated undergoes a screening process.’
        • ‘The sound is also a fantastic element, crystal clear and always understandable.’
        • ‘However, what is crystal clear is that many of the residents do not want to have a nuclear waste disposal facility in their region.’
        • ‘As I say, he makes his political position crystal clear.’
        • ‘This language of the plain and the crystal clear conceals the fact that we navigate in murky waters.’
        unambiguous, unmistakable, indisputable, incontrovertible, indubitable, undeniable
        View synonyms

Origin

Late Old English (denoting ice or a mineral resembling it), from Old French cristal, from Latin crystallum, from Greek krustallos ‘ice, crystal’. The chemistry sense dates from the early 17th century.

Pronunciation

crystal

/ˈkristl//ˈkrɪstl/