Definition of cruck in US English:



  • Either of a pair of curved timbers extending to the ground in the roof framework of a type of medieval house.

    as modifier ‘a cruck barn’
    • ‘The evidence for this is a cruck, a pair of large and matching curved timbers reaching from the ground to the apex of the roof, a characteristic of medieval timber-framed buildings.’
    • ‘It is one of the largest cruck houses in Yorkshire.’
    • ‘In light of these excavations, many other sites were reassessed, with the result that cruck building was identified at these too, showing that cruck building was not only known, but widespread by the seventh century.’
    • ‘We dropped down to Barnclose Farm, which is a somewhat out of place suburban and modern dwelling sited opposite a notable and charming ancient cruck house.’
    • ‘The old cottage is an example of ‘cruck’ construction, a very early form of building, the crucks being the main timbers which, in the shape of an arch, support the building.’
    • ‘Nearby is a 17th century cruck barn and a collection of domestic animals.’
    • ‘The route skirts the Folk Museum for a free peek at the ye-olde shops, the heather thatch and the splendid cruck style manor house that was reassembled here.’
    • ‘Its roof is supported by eleven pairs of raised base crucks.’
    • ‘It would have been much larger than a Medieval peasant's cruck house.’


Late 16th century: variant of crook.