Definition of cruciform in English:

cruciform

adjective

  • 1Having the shape of a cross.

    ‘a cruciform sword’
    • ‘It was decided at the start to make the church inside into its true cruciform shape.’
    • ‘Decanters from the late 18th century have been copied profusely, whereas the earlier cruciform shapes have been left alone.’
    • ‘There is also an early version of the passage-tomb, in a cruciform shape, it's one of the largest surviving monuments of the Carrowmore cemetery.’
    • ‘Then there is the cruciform shape of the space, which solves a design issue common to big houses with big rooms.’
    • ‘The cruciform cast-pewter mountings continue their references to Maori Christian imagery.’
    • ‘This last is interesting not only for its cruciform plan, but also because it is one of the few examples of covered mosques in India.’
    • ‘The steel columns are expressed: cruciform in shape, a modern fluting effect, they are chrome-plated.’
    • ‘Built out of local white quartzite sandstone, it follows a simple but rigorous cruciform plan, a subconscious testament to the Victorian virtues of health, hygiene and religion.’
    • ‘It is possible that each node where the DNA molecule crosses itself in three-dimensional space, perhaps mimicking a cruciform, creates an ideal binding site for HMG proteins.’
    • ‘The jet buttons had been brought from 250 km away, and one of them was decorated with a cruciform design made by selectively dulling the polished surface and inlaying metallic tin, which must have been imported from south-west England.’
    • ‘The motifs shared by the petroglyphic art include circles, cruciform shapes, star motifs and herringbone patterns.’
    • ‘Twin crystals are common; they show swallow-tail or arrow-head forms and more rarely cruciform growths, and may grow to 3-4 m long.’
    • ‘He often favored cruciform shapes and muted, earthy colors to which he frequently added rust.’
    • ‘Despite the apparently irregular urban configurations of most ancient cities of the Maya lowlands, at least some Maya centers seem to have been organized according to cruciform urban plans.’
    • ‘Chalcolithic stone figures take a cruciform shape from the outstretched arms or from a second figure at right angles to the first.’
    • ‘The building inside was redesigned into its true cruciform shape.’
    • ‘In the lower zone, the emperor, holding the white scroll, and his son, carrying a cruciform staff, proceed toward the right and begin to ascend a prominent staircase.’
    1. 1.1Of or denoting a church having a cross-shaped plan with a nave and transepts.
      • ‘Within Tisbury itself is its cruciform church, C12 with C14 and C15 additions.’
      • ‘The church's presence on a major suburban road is prominent, not for a spire, steeple or traditional cruciform design, but for its textured walls in contrasting tan and blonde brick.’
      • ‘The depiction in 1648 still reflects the medieval cruciform plan of the church, with a prominent tower (replaced in the 18th century) at the centre.’
      • ‘The aisles were also given the tradition Anglican cruciform pattern.’

noun

  • A thing shaped like a cross.

    • ‘Executed in oil, alkyd, acrylic, gesso and charcoal, the series is united by the placement in each horizontal canvas of a dominant graphic cruciform shape that interacts with smaller and typically less readily nameable forms.’
    • ‘It featured central consulting rooms, and male and female wards on either side of the cruciform.’
    • ‘The older building's square symmetry finds its opposite in the asymmetrical cruciform of the new.’
    • ‘It is cruciform in plan, constructed of large dressed stones (grand appareil); the central chamber is flanked by three rectangular niches.’
    • ‘Flutists are asked to sing through their instruments, pianists are asked to whistle and moan, and instrumental scores are visually twisted into circles or cruciforms.’
    • ‘The results suggest that long inverted repeats can form hairpins or cruciforms when they are located within a region of the helix backbone that is intrinsically curved, leading to large mobility anomalies in polyacrylamide gels.’
    • ‘Steel-framed transparent glass above the tub is part of a skylight cruciform that runs the entire length and width of the third floor.’
    • ‘Elsewhere, the typical Roman cruciform plan of main streets was retained, or even introduced from new as in Oxford, Wallingford, and Cricklade.’
    • ‘These are arranged in a double cruciform, four apartments radiating from each staircase, which ingeniously receives borrowed daylight from two diagonally opposite corners, the other two corners containing service lifts.’
    • ‘Faye placed two feathers, tied cruciform with black wool, on top of the bag while reciting her own bit.’

Origin

Mid 17th century: from Latin crux, cruc- cross + -iform.

Pronunciation:

cruciform

/ˈkro͞osəˌfôrm/