Definition of crop in English:

crop

noun

  • 1A cultivated plant that is grown as food, especially a grain, fruit, or vegetable.

    ‘the main crops were oats and barley’
    • ‘These four crops accounted for 52 percent of U.S. acres planted to crops excluding fruits and vegetables in 2001.’
    • ‘Lastly rural folks need practical training in agriculture to enable them to plant vegetables and crops.’
    • ‘The whole community participates in clearing land to grow crops.’
    • ‘The animals were fed only on pasture, which was often the residue of various vegetable crops grown in the province of Naples.’
    • ‘Farmers can use some parts of their land to grow crops and use other parts as recreation sites.’
    • ‘The crop is grown commercially only in those regions where the plants are forced into a rest period by cold or drought.’
    • ‘Right now, about three million hectares of Canadian farmland are growing crops of plants that have been genetically modified by biotechnology.’
    • ‘It is these seeds that will ultimately be crushed to produce the vegetable oil that the crop is grown for.’
    • ‘The women baked bread and danced and listened to music, and the guys worked out on the fields, growing vegetables and other crops.’
    • ‘Rice, wheat, maize, and millet are the main crops grown in the country.’
    • ‘In addition to rice, they also grow some other edible crops and plant vegetables and fruit around the edge of their plots.’
    • ‘Amongst the fruit crops grown in the country, banana ranks first in production and third in area under cultivation.’
    • ‘In late November, the same producer might then plant a flax crop to grow through March.’
    • ‘Fruits and vegetables are expensive crops to grow.’
    • ‘Plant breeders changed the crop into one grown primarily for the oil and protein in its seed.’
    • ‘Ploughing was his forte and he loved to sow and plant the crops, watch them grow and mature, and harvest them at the back-end.’
    • ‘Allowing GM crops to be grown commercially in Scotland could lead to another outbreak of direct action by environmentalists.’
    • ‘He now has no land to grow crops or raise cattle.’
    • ‘A wide range of vegetable crops are grown, all of which are produced without any of the modern-day chemicals which dominate the lives of today's farmer.’
    • ‘As rent and repayment for seeds or other supplies, the farmer pays the landowner with a portion of the crops grown on the land.’
    1. 1.1 An amount of produce harvested at one time.
      ‘a heavy crop of fruit’
      • ‘The season of 1874-75 was excellent, with two crops harvested and stored.’
      • ‘An answer may take 3-7 months, long after the crops have been harvested and contamination has happened.’
      • ‘Farmers who came back to harvest the crops on their small-holdings often put their lives at risk to do so.’
      • ‘Farmers ask for government help because they cannot harvest their crops after a drought.’
      • ‘While the GM seeds cost more than regular ones, she saves money by not having to use so much pesticide and has harvested bigger crops.’
      • ‘Gusty winds continued to dry soils and accelerate the wheat crop toward an early harvest.’
      • ‘When the crop was harvested, pesticide residues were found to exceed the legal limit.’
      • ‘He was harvesting the crops, and had gathered in his arms a large bundle of corn.’
      • ‘In some areas farmers have not harvested their crops, as there is no market for them.’
      • ‘Three weeks from now I will be harvesting my crops.’
      • ‘The growers are still harvesting their crop, months later than usual.’
      • ‘Potato farmer Simon Bradley took matters into his own hands when he harvested his biggest crop, but was unable to sell it all through his York outlets.’
      • ‘It gives the northern farmer more night light to harvest crops.’
      • ‘They do use modern farming technology, however, harvesting their crops with huge combines.’
      • ‘Their action comes in the middle of the cherry picking season and has forced growers into the orchards to harvest their own crop.’
      • ‘The rainy season was so heavy following the drought that it destroyed the second crop and the harvest was so poor that one man in the village hung himself.’
      • ‘They have to harvest the crop with almost military precision and at a pace almost as hectic as war.’
      • ‘All of us lived together, ploughed together, and harvested the crops together.’
      • ‘When all the crops had been harvested and stored away, and before the men left for the fall hunt, the Harvest Festival was held.’
      • ‘Both men and women work in the fields and harvest the crops.’
      harvest, year's growth, yield, produce, vintage, gathering, reaping, gleaning, garnering
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    2. 1.2 An abundance of something, especially a person's hair.
      ‘he had a thick crop of wiry hair’
      • ‘Mr. Wright had a thick crop of medium brown hair that crowned a boyish, blue eyed face.’
      • ‘He had a wild crop of white hair and scary gray eyes that sended chills up Mel's spine.’
      • ‘It suited her boyish crop of brunette hair and wild, pale blue eyes.’
      • ‘The crop of ginger hair may be missing, but otherwise the similarities in size and style are striking.’
      • ‘This beautiful blue-eyed wonder also has a crop of thick luxurious brown hair.’
      • ‘The electric blue eyes beam between a dark crop of lush hair and a rich beard.’
      • ‘And just to rub salt into the wound, I had a luxuriant crop of hair on the top of my head in those wasted years (there is a photo to prove it).’
      • ‘Now, his dark eyes scanning his surroundings, he spots a woman with an unmistakable crop of curling red hair.’
      • ‘He's tall, with a healthy crop of white hair.’
      • ‘Damon sat across from them in a brown leather chair, his green eyes nearly hidden by his thick crop of brown-black hair.’
      • ‘Even his neat crop of raven hair was beginning to grey at the edges.’
      • ‘He went under the razor and sacrificed his crop of red hair to raise money for his son's special school.’
      • ‘The whiteness of his robust crop of hair could, with a slight stretch, be thought premature.’
      • ‘Something about him she didn't like, his jaunty airs, the straw cowboy hat placed raggedly atop his musty brown crop of hair.’
      • ‘A heavier-than-average baby at nine pounds something with a messy crop of soot-black hair, squinty eyes and dimples in all the right places.’
      • ‘His face beamed beneath a crop of unbrushed hair.’
      • ‘He stood straight, his head at a perfect angle revealing a pointed chin sporting a delicate crop of black hair finely trimmed at the end.’
      • ‘Leaning heavily against the side of the desk, he runs a hand through his curly crop of brown hair.’
      • ‘He had a weird crop of facial hair, was ugly as all hell, and he talked in a way that bothered me.’
      • ‘She had a crop of shining blonde curls, a round face and large grey eyes.’
      mass, mane, mop, thatch, head, bush, cloud, frizz, fuzz, foam, curls, tangle, chaos, cascade, quiff, halo
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    3. 1.3 The total number of young farm animals born in a particular year on one farm.
      • ‘Jennifer might talk about her award-winning goats or the new crop of kids born days before.’
  • 2A group or amount of related people or things appearing or occurring at one time.

    ‘the current crop of politicians’
    • ‘The album is rather different from the current crop of pop music.’
    • ‘Scotland currently have an abundant crop of up-and-coming back-rowers.’
    • ‘The challenge now, is to give the current crop of recruits more time to build a cohesive affront.’
    • ‘This easily is one of the best looking games that will appear on the current crop of console hardware.’
    • ‘The president's advisors will be worried by the latest crop of polls which appear to indicate a groundswell of dissatisfaction with their man.’
    • ‘Seasoned councillors welcomed a crop of hopeful new politicians into their ranks.’
    • ‘It sends a disturbing message that the new crop of aspiring music journalists do not know about music genres and musical history that emerged before 1990.’
    • ‘The current crop of UK writers are turning out some amazing material.’
    • ‘The current crop of middle to late 20th Century ‘Period Dramas’, all re-evaluate the past through a filter of modern-day attitudes.’
    • ‘Only 21, he is already the holder of four singles titles, and is widely recognised as the most naturally gifted of the current crop of youngsters in the professional game.’
    • ‘Along came a new crop of country singers.’
    • ‘There is plenty to keep the avid garden visitor busy tomorrow with a plentiful crop of gardens open in the area.’
    • ‘His recent European tour produced a bumper crop of such stories.’
    • ‘Well, what do you think about the current crop of sitcoms?’
    • ‘As the crop of digitally animated films becomes more abundant, audiences are likely to demand increasingly more from such movies.’
    • ‘Every season, first books appear by a crop of new writers worthy of ink and paper.’
    • ‘It's no small task, but the current crop of candidates appears to be up to the task.’
    • ‘But the current crop of tests appears to be aimed only at evaluating minimum competence.’
    • ‘The new crop of boats appears to be designed and built by committee, the accountants and people with no practical experience.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, come April, we'll have a new crop of stars to profile and watch.’
    batch, lot, assortment, selection, collection, supply, intake
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  • 3A hairstyle in which the hair is cut very short.

    • ‘An easy shape and vibrant color give this saucy crop its appeal.’
    • ‘We all had the same hairdo too, called a crop, and I'm pretty sure it came complete with a comb for your back pocket.’
    • ‘She mimics the popular asymmetrical relaxed crop with fine layered braids.’
    • ‘Emily Rose, who had a short crop of blond hair, had hers spiked up more than usual, giving her a uniquely almost warrior-esque look.’
    • ‘Buns, twists, chignons and hair knots generally work for most hair types, textures and lengths except super short chops and crops.’
    • ‘While I was eating, my mom fussed with my short crop of red hair.’
    • ‘Her back was turned to me, so I could only see her short crop of black hair and the red mantle she wore.’
    • ‘His hair has just been recently chopped from his younger out-of-date curtains style into a short ruffled and very sexy crop.’
    • ‘In particular, I tell her, the short, blonde crop she sported was not well received.’
    • ‘He arched his back, then ran his short, stubby fingers through the brush of short, white crop of hair on his head.’
    • ‘I flicked at my hair, a savage spiky crop with a bleached fringe, lightly gelled, glanced at my watch, frowned and headed for the door.’
    • ‘Our favorite crops are always about a great shape, color and, of course, terrific styling aids.’
    • ‘There are plenty of short haircuts on display but they are more about disguising thinning crops than making a political statement.’
    • ‘Unconsciously she stretched a hand upwards to touch the short, pale blonde crop.’
    • ‘His close crop is obviously low maintenance.’
    • ‘His hair is longer than the close crop he wears during the season.’
    • ‘With their similar crops of thick black hair, large soulful eyes, and charming grins, they're difficult to tell apart.’
    • ‘A short crop of blond hair accented the flawless skin, the blue eyes.’
    • ‘She had her hair cut into a short crop and always wore pants or shorts.’
    haircut, trim, clip
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  • 4

    short for riding crop
    • ‘Flipping back one of the exercise mats, he revealed a selection of whips, canes and crops.’
    whip, lash, scourge, cat, thong, switch, birch, cane, stick
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  • 5A pouch in a bird's gullet where food is stored or prepared for digestion.

    • ‘Grain is stored in their crops and ground by the grit in their gizzard.’
    • ‘Chickadees don't have a crop in their throats to store food that is slowly digested while sleeping.’
    craw, maw, gullet, throat
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    1. 5.1 An organ resembling a bird's crop in an insect or earthworm.
      • ‘A comparison of specific organs revealed a huge difference in ethyl oleate found in the crop, an organ used for nectar storage.’
      • ‘Serotonin is a biogenic amine that modulates smooth muscle contractions of the crop and gizzard of the earthworm, Lumbricus terrestris.’
  • 6The entire tanned hide of an animal.

    hide, pelt, fleece
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verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Cut (something, especially a person's hair) very short.

    ‘cropped blond hair’
    • ‘He had short cropped blonde hair and friendly ice blue eyes.’
    • ‘Young men have very short, closely cropped hair and also dress stylishly.’
    • ‘She is reminded bitterly of how she cropped her long hair short.’
    • ‘His hair was cropped short and made his head look square.’
    • ‘He looked to be in his thirties, with short cropped dark hair and bright hazel eyes.’
    • ‘She was a recent divorcee with short, cropped brown hair and doe eyes.’
    • ‘White hair was cropped short and he had nice cheekbones.’
    • ‘The woman wore a white tank top and shorts, and had cropped red hair.’
    • ‘She shook her head, short cropped red hair dancing delicately in the movement.’
    • ‘Her blonde hair was cropped even shorter and her aquamarine eyes were not red rimmed like Julia's.’
    • ‘This woman's hair was cropped short in haphazard spikes on the top, a braid hanging over her shoulder.’
    • ‘Blonde hair was cropped close to his head, and looked rather disheveled.’
    • ‘Her blond hair was cropped short and framed her face.’
    • ‘She had incredibly short, cropped dark hair and little curls that framed her thin face.’
    • ‘The man is described as around 5ft 10 in, in his early 20s, with very short, possibly cropped mousy hair.’
    • ‘There stood a tall man of about 25 with blonde cropped hair, and electric blue eyes under silver framed glasses.’
    • ‘He combed his fingers through his short cropped hair and opened the door.’
    • ‘His hair was cropped short and his skin was dark.’
    • ‘She pushed back her hood and short cropped brown hair was revealed.’
    • ‘His once red hair was cropped short and his green eyes sparked with intensity.’
    cut short, cut, clip, trim, snip, shear, shave
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    1. 1.1 (of an animal) bite off and eat the tops of (plants)
      ‘the horse was gratefully cropping the grass’
      • ‘But when I tasted them, they were extremely salty, and the leaves had obviously been cropped by a rodent.’
      • ‘It was just a prefabricated hut, with a couple of sheep cropping the grass outside.’
      • ‘He lifted his head and shook his mane in recognition and went back to contentedly cropping the grass.’
      • ‘Sheep and cattle do not crop a pasture in neat rows.’
      • ‘He had finished drinking, and was now cropping the grass a small distance away.’
      • ‘The abandonment of sheep farming has led to degradation in the character of the landscape as grass that was previously cropped is allowed to grow rank and wild.’
      • ‘Some distance behind him a black horse cropped the grass.’
      • ‘A sound of underwater cows cropping lily-pads came from the western margin of the pond, where the rapids were.’
      • ‘Deer cropped the springy turf beside us, so close we could hear every snuffle and chomp.’
      • ‘Several Hampshire rams had been seen sleeping and cropping the grass in the yard adjoining a well-known York church.’
      • ‘On the hillside below them half a dozen sheep cropped the sunlit grass and kept a wary eye.’
      • ‘Apart from the structure of the pelvis they characteristically had an additional bone at the front of the upper jaw, the predentary, which bore no teeth but acted like a beak for cropping vegetation.’
      • ‘The pony merely rolled an eye to look up at him and continued cropping the grass lazily.’
      • ‘He shook his white mane out and set about cropping some grass from the edge of the road.’
      • ‘She looked depressed and forgotten with her head to the ground, carefully cropping each blade of grass to the same height.’
      • ‘They are characterized by a short snout and the loss of almost all their teeth, which were replaced by a turtle-like beak used for cropping vegetation.’
      graze on, browse on, feed on, nibble, nibble at, eat
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    2. 1.2 Cut the edges of (a photograph) in order to produce a better picture or to fit a given space.
      • ‘I cropped the photo to the size of the original.’
      • ‘This way you can scale or crop the photo to fit the template.’
      • ‘They cropped the photograph of her friend.’
      • ‘We can size, colour-correct and crop your images to fit space if required.’
      • ‘Just hop on over to the Cropping Corner to learn how to crop photographs in new and unusual shapes.’
      • ‘She took photos from magazines, enlarged them, cropped them, spliced them, and combined them with text.’
      • ‘She had already cropped this photograph to fit the rectangular print into the square format of the book.’
      • ‘Have I cropped the photo to eliminate extraneous detail and focus the viewer's attention?’
      • ‘You can quickly and easily crop your picture, correct brightness and contrast levels, even get rid of red-eye.’
      • ‘In the past, photographs were cropped to alter their meaning, mis-captioned and retouched.’
      • ‘The photo is cropped closely so that the reader is not aware that he's looking at a picture of a male horse rather than a mare.’
      • ‘Alternatively, you can use freely available software on your PC to zoom and crop your images at home.’
      • ‘We see that the photos are actually cropped from larger shots.’
      • ‘The SMH crops the picture so that this potentially distressing part of the image is not visible to their readers.’
      • ‘I have cropped the original photo to show only five of the sphere images.’
      • ‘Other than cropping the photo and adjusting the levels and size, it has not been altered in any way.’
      • ‘Although you can crop a picture later using your computer, you'll get sharper results by cropping using the camera.’
      • ‘The photographs are cropped so low that the steps leading down to the river are divorced from the main path.’
      • ‘Add to that the good hour and a half it took me to scan and crop the photos.’
      • ‘The picture had been cropped to fit the face of a figure on the other player's shoulders.’
  • 2Harvest (plants or their produce) from a particular area.

    ‘hay would have been cropped several times through the summer’
    • ‘It should be farmers' priority in Zambia to cut cotton stalks immediately after cropping if they are to avoid serious infestation of pests and diseases and achieve better yields.’
    • ‘In Israel, vine cacti are cropped despite the absence of natural pollinators.’
    • ‘Research has shown that both corn and soybeans produce higher yields when rotated rather than when cropped continuously.’
    • ‘First earlies are planted between the end of March and early April and take about 100 days before cropping.’
    • ‘Nobody is going to start the laborious process of cropping a plant if it is freely available in the environment.’
    • ‘Set-aside payments will not help the farmer much because the subsidy is the same as if it had been cropped, but without the actual crop to sell.’
    harvest, reap, mow
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    1. 2.1 Sow or plant (land) with plants that will produce food or fodder, especially on a large commercial scale.
      ‘the southern areas are cropped in cotton’
      ‘intensively cropped areas’
      • ‘Cropland must meet cropping history criteria and be physically and legally capable of being cropped in a normal manner.’
      • ‘Virtually all land is double cropped, and many farmers cultivate three or four crops a year.’
      • ‘Farmers should have 30 per cent of their cropped area planted with legumes each season.’
      • ‘He crops 350 hectares of some of his best and worst soils with the pasture to produce between 500 kilograms and 750 kilogram of seed a hectare.’
      • ‘Land must be cropped in order to pay the bills.’
      • ‘The lower value of these has necessitated more frequent cropping and the use of more farmland area, intensifying the effects upon the catchment.’
      • ‘The Court has already imposed an interim injunction against the cleared area being cropped.’
      • ‘In the case of crops at least 50% of the eligible area must be cropped each year - i.e. sown with a crop other than grass.’
      • ‘At this time the cropped areas expanded significantly, as did the number of people engaged in that activity.’
      • ‘Southeastern soils have been intensively cropped and are prone to drought and erosion.’
      • ‘A mere 10 per cent of the land has been cropped.’
      • ‘Fields with heavy infestations could be cropped for a few years so tillage and herbicides could reduce infestations.’
      • ‘Rising temperatures will make arable land available that's currently too cold for cropping.’
      • ‘Trials with rhodes, panic and seteria grasses in particular have proven successful in providing year round pastures in areas unsuitable for cropping.’
      • ‘Tillage farmers are facing crucial decisions on the amount of land they should crop under the new tillage policy.’
      • ‘The rest has been left idle, used as grazing land, or intermittently cropped.’
      • ‘It grows in the same fertile soils that are good for farming, and it continues to be cleared for cropping as well as grazed, with hardly any in protected reserves.’
      • ‘And this over here, we bought this farm not long ago, and that hadn't been cropped that area down there, for 30 years.’

Phrasal Verbs

  • crop out

    • (of rock) appear or be exposed at the surface of the earth.

      • ‘Volcanic rocks that crop out in the mine area are part of the Portage Lake Volcanics and consist of thin lava flows and interbedded sedimentary rocks.’
      • ‘The nature of the Lower Palaeozoic rocks which crop out in the peninsula therefore hold important evidence for the Caledonian evolution of the area.’
      • ‘Basement rocks crop out along the entire La Hague peninsula in a number of fault-bounded blocks and as thin layers separated by intrusive Cadomian igneous bodies.’
      • ‘The hinges of folded debris layers crop out on the glacier surface as flow-parallel medial moraines, with axes dipping gently up-glacier.’
      • ‘The Hammamat Group is a sequence of immature, clastic sedimentary rocks that crop out sporadically throughout the central and northern segments of the Eastern Desert of Egypt.’
      • ‘Mafic volcanic rocks on this trend crop out on eastern King Island, with exposures including dykes, pillow lavas, volcaniclastic rocks and dolomites.’
      • ‘The Dzhabyk batholith crops out along the entire surface trace of the profile.’
      • ‘The Mesozoic rocks crop out only in the Zhaigang and Zhainan areas in the southeastern part of the county.’
      • ‘In contrast, depositional landscapes predominate in southern Alberta and Saskatchewan, where soft sedimentary rocks crop out near the southern limit of the ice sheet.’
      • ‘At the base of the erosional hollow, an inlier of Jurassic rocks crops out below the late Cimmerian unconformity.’
  • crop up

    • Appear, occur, or come to one's notice unexpectedly.

      ‘some urgent business had cropped up’
      • ‘So if 01788 crops up on your phone bill and you can't recall where that is, this site will reveal it is Rugby, Warwickshire.’
      • ‘Challenge is one word that crops up in Heather's conversation a lot.’
      • ‘Something crops up that just absolutely has to be sorted out face to face.’
      • ‘The book is also repetitive: the same old laundry list of sour complaints about the man, his works, and his cronies, crops up again and again.’
      • ‘These predictions crop up every decade or so and they are always wrong.’
      • ‘He crops up a couple of times almost at random.’
      • ‘They monitor the radios and they are ready to go if anything unusual crops up.’
      • ‘When talking to locals and expats, this topic often crops up.’
      • ‘It's a problem we've noticed before and it seems to crop up at random intervals.’
      • ‘If something crops up that interests me, whether it's here or overseas, then I'll look at it.’
      • ‘The gender issue crops up in just about every walk of life.’
      • ‘Bruce Springsteen was a name that often cropped up as a reference point.’
      • ‘It is not something that crops up on a day to day basis in terms of business.’
      • ‘One theme that crops up week after week are those who hit their 5 or 6 month anniversary.’
      • ‘It's a condition most commonly found in women, but occasionally crops up in a man.’
      • ‘‘I'm not one of these people who is trying to be modern’ is a phrase that crops up repeatedly.’
      • ‘All the same, Lola crops up frequently in our discussions like a slightly eccentric but beloved foreign cousin.’
      • ‘I've noticed little mistakes and typos cropping up here and there.’
      • ‘The key word here, which crops up throughout the report and the subsequent discussion, is ‘unwitting’.’
      • ‘Unless something unexpected crops up this year, this test looks like something a lot of us should try next year.’
      happen, occur, arise, arrive, turn up, spring up, pop up, surface, emerge, materialize, appear, come to light, present itself, make an appearance
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Origin

Old English, of Germanic origin; related to German Kropf. From Old English to the late 18th century there existed a sense ‘flower head, ear of corn’, giving rise to crop (sense 1 of the noun) and senses referring to the top of something, whence crop (sense 4 of the noun).

Pronunciation

crop

/krɑp//kräp/