Definition of cram in English:

cram

verb

  • 1[with object] Completely fill (a place or container) to the point that it appears to be overflowing.

    ‘the ashtray by the bed was crammed with cigarette butts’
    • ‘Unlike her last, this is not an album crammed to the brim with hit singles.’
    • ‘The flyover, roads and even pavements are crammed with vehicles.’
    • ‘Every public place, including the hospital, schools and churches, are crammed to capacity.’
    • ‘The place is crammed with them, far too many to take in during one visit.’
    • ‘The caravan park was crammed with campers, vans and tents.’
    • ‘Our livestock buildings are becoming ever more crammed, ruling out species-specific animal husbandry.’
    • ‘I agree with most people, the place is crammed with achingly cool Danes.’
    • ‘Cars are filled and shopping centres and retail parks are crammed to capacity.’
    • ‘The place is crammed with cinema memorabilia - room after room packed full of it.’
    • ‘Instead she found herself in a room so crammed full of people that there was nowhere for her to sit.’
    • ‘This salsa is very chunky and crammed full of tomatoes.’
    • ‘Like all the entries in the encyclopedia, this one is crammed with details.’
    • ‘The place was crammed with Turkish fans who couldn't wait for their heroes to become world champions.’
    • ‘Sighing loudly, I made my way back into the hall which was now crammed to capacity.’
    • ‘Many of these works are crammed with details and it is humanly impossible to recreate them.’
    • ‘A favourite with day-trippers, the small town is crammed with glittering gift shops, candyfloss and tourists.’
    • ‘The episodes on the second volume worked because they were crammed to the brim with jokes.’
    • ‘For example issues of the Chronicle of Higher Education are crammed to the brim with advertising from online education companies.’
    • ‘The room was crammed with suitcases, footwear, clothes and other odds and ends strewn carelessly around.’
    • ‘Each bus is crammed full of passengers, luggage strapped on the roof racks.’
    stuff, pack, jam, fill, crowd, throng
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    1. 1.1 Force (people or things) into a place or container that is or appears to be too small to contain them.
      ‘it's amazing how you've managed to cram everyone in’
      ‘he crammed the sandwiches into his mouth’
      figurative ‘he had crammed so much into his short life’
      • ‘When he observed the multitude of people crammed into the small space, he stopped short.’
      • ‘Hidden because she works at home on sewing machines crammed into a corner of her laundry.’
      • ‘All 20 of us were crammed into a cage, it really was a squeeze.’
      • ‘Developers are seeking to cram far too many dwellings on to the site.’
      • ‘The room was lined with bears, crammed into tiny isolation cages.’
      • ‘In every issue you folks manage to cram lots of good stuff onto those pages.’
      • ‘There are dwellings crammed into every corner, up high and down low.’
      • ‘Are the brightly-coloured birds you see crammed into cages by street vendors being sold illegally?’
      • ‘How did you cram so many nice things about me in that review?’
      • ‘Everyone has seen on television a packed football ground with 50,000 spectators crammed together.’
      • ‘The chamber was now so tightly crammed with pallets that there was scarcely room to walk between them.’
      • ‘Yesterday all my stuff arrived in Brixton and is now crammed into my room.’
      • ‘The average age of the 2,000 squealing fans crammed into the Civic Hall is 14.’
      • ‘Crammed into the truck are men and women wearing yellow stars.’
      • ‘To say I crammed too many tomatoes into that small section is an understatement.’
      • ‘There was a lifetimes worth of knowledge, all crammed into a room's worth of books.’
      • ‘Over 300 people can be crammed tightly in the car whose capacity is only 200 people.’
      • ‘Don't try to cram too many people around a small dining room table.’
      • ‘Once again, writers like to cram a lot of material into a single sentence.’
      • ‘There are about perhaps 500 people crammed into this small space.’
      • ‘Because they are crammed so tightly, the birds go crazy and peck at each other.’
      force, ram, thrust, plunge, push, pile, stick, jam, pack, compress, squeeze, wedge, press, tamp, pound, drive, hammer, bang
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    2. 1.2[no object] (of a number of people) enter a place or space that is or seems to be too small to accommodate all of them.
      ‘they all crammed into the car’
      • ‘Strictly speaking, the club's crowd limit was around 50, but at least double that number usually crammed in.’
      • ‘There were 4 people that just crammed into the small car.’
      • ‘Everyone crammed into the insufficient accommodation as best they could.’
      • ‘People crammed into cars with their household possessions and drove out of the city.’
      • ‘We crammed out the backseat of the crummy car, and took what little we had out of the trunk.’
      • ‘Husband, wife and son crammed into the boot of his car.’
      • ‘Jazz fans crammed in to Westcliff's Cliffs Pavilion for the Echo's charity jazz night.’
      • ‘A crowd of 7,575 crammed into Gigg Lane for the game.’
      • ‘So we all crammed into the car and headed to the Dells.’
      • ‘Numbers of backers crammed into schools and auditoriums.’
      • ‘Normally, we have a big car, but it's in the shop, so we have to cram into our other small car.’
      • ‘Thousands more crammed into an adjacent room to listen via closed-circuit TV.’
      • ‘On the first night it was opened, twice that number of people crammed in.’
      • ‘I crammed unceremoniously into their car.’
      • ‘A crowd of over 400 crammed into the hall, leaving standing room only, to join the record numbers of award winners.’
      • ‘My friends had invited me on a drive so we all crammed in the car and set off.’
      • ‘The 5,000 strong crowd crammed into an airplane hanger in rural Ohio.’
      • ‘Crowds will cram into Cathedral Square to be among the first in the world to witness the dawn of the 21st century.’
      • ‘At Victoria Park, fans crammed into any space available.’
      • ‘Everyone crammed in the car about a hour later all talking excitedly.’
      crowd, crush, pack, jam, squash, wedge oneself, shove, push, jostle, throng, force one's way, thrust
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  • 2[no object] Study intensively over a short period of time just before an examination.

    ‘lectures were called off so students could cram for finals’
    • ‘Justine remembered that Kylie had been cramming mightily for the test when they last spoke.’
    • ‘Even for a fast learner, though, four months is an awfully short time to cram.’
    • ‘He'll get up at 5.30 the next morning for a final cram.’
    • ‘A familiar sight during the exam period; as drowsiness sets in, coffee helps a student stay awake and cram for those finals.’
    • ‘Students cram for mid-term and final exams, and attend lectures for the rest of the semester.’
    • ‘Students really should get a good night's sleep after cramming for an exam.’
    • ‘Unlike fanatical me, they were all planning on cramming for their finals.’
    • ‘This will help me forgetting it, yet I know I will just be another student who crams.’
    • ‘Unfortunately, after holidays comes the time to rush to finish projects, and then cram for exams.’
    • ‘I was rushing to get to class-and trying to cram for my next period's geography quiz.’
    • ‘It was their final year of university and all the students were beginning to cram for final examinations.’
    • ‘The camera followed this fish out of water rocker as he auditions for the marching band and crams for finals.’
    • ‘The two college students cramming for finals at the next table certainly agreed.’
    • ‘Sitara wandered over to the round tables, were several students crammed together, their heads bent and studying.’
    • ‘There are too many students who believe in cramming rather than studying.’
    • ‘When they weren't cramming for the upcoming tests they were practicing for the contest.’
    • ‘I registered to take the February exam, paid $6 for the study booklet, and crammed for a week before the test.’
    • ‘Parents drive their children to cram up for examinations and woe forbid, if the child is a prodigy.’
    • ‘How many times had they crammed for exams on the soft, overstuffed couch?’
    • ‘I crammed for a week before taking Step 2 of the Boards.’
    study intensively, revise
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Origin

Old English crammian, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch krammen to cramp or clamp.

Pronunciation

cram

/kram/