Definition of cram in US English:

cram

verb

  • 1with object Completely fill (a place or container) to the point that it appears to be overflowing.

    ‘the ashtray by the bed was crammed with cigarette butts’
    • ‘Every public place, including the hospital, schools and churches, are crammed to capacity.’
    • ‘Unlike her last, this is not an album crammed to the brim with hit singles.’
    • ‘Like all the entries in the encyclopedia, this one is crammed with details.’
    • ‘Sighing loudly, I made my way back into the hall which was now crammed to capacity.’
    • ‘This salsa is very chunky and crammed full of tomatoes.’
    • ‘The room was crammed with suitcases, footwear, clothes and other odds and ends strewn carelessly around.’
    • ‘The place is crammed with them, far too many to take in during one visit.’
    • ‘The episodes on the second volume worked because they were crammed to the brim with jokes.’
    • ‘Each bus is crammed full of passengers, luggage strapped on the roof racks.’
    • ‘The place was crammed with Turkish fans who couldn't wait for their heroes to become world champions.’
    • ‘Many of these works are crammed with details and it is humanly impossible to recreate them.’
    • ‘Cars are filled and shopping centres and retail parks are crammed to capacity.’
    • ‘A favourite with day-trippers, the small town is crammed with glittering gift shops, candyfloss and tourists.’
    • ‘Instead she found herself in a room so crammed full of people that there was nowhere for her to sit.’
    • ‘For example issues of the Chronicle of Higher Education are crammed to the brim with advertising from online education companies.’
    • ‘The flyover, roads and even pavements are crammed with vehicles.’
    • ‘The caravan park was crammed with campers, vans and tents.’
    • ‘Our livestock buildings are becoming ever more crammed, ruling out species-specific animal husbandry.’
    • ‘I agree with most people, the place is crammed with achingly cool Danes.’
    • ‘The place is crammed with cinema memorabilia - room after room packed full of it.’
    stuff, pack, jam, fill, crowd, throng
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    1. 1.1 Force (people or things) into a place or container that is or appears to be too small to contain them.
      ‘it's amazing how you've managed to cram everyone in’
      figurative ‘he had crammed so much into his short life’
      ‘he crammed the sandwiches into his mouth’
      • ‘How did you cram so many nice things about me in that review?’
      • ‘When he observed the multitude of people crammed into the small space, he stopped short.’
      • ‘Crammed into the truck are men and women wearing yellow stars.’
      • ‘All 20 of us were crammed into a cage, it really was a squeeze.’
      • ‘There are dwellings crammed into every corner, up high and down low.’
      • ‘The chamber was now so tightly crammed with pallets that there was scarcely room to walk between them.’
      • ‘To say I crammed too many tomatoes into that small section is an understatement.’
      • ‘Once again, writers like to cram a lot of material into a single sentence.’
      • ‘The average age of the 2,000 squealing fans crammed into the Civic Hall is 14.’
      • ‘Because they are crammed so tightly, the birds go crazy and peck at each other.’
      • ‘There was a lifetimes worth of knowledge, all crammed into a room's worth of books.’
      • ‘In every issue you folks manage to cram lots of good stuff onto those pages.’
      • ‘Over 300 people can be crammed tightly in the car whose capacity is only 200 people.’
      • ‘Hidden because she works at home on sewing machines crammed into a corner of her laundry.’
      • ‘The room was lined with bears, crammed into tiny isolation cages.’
      • ‘Are the brightly-coloured birds you see crammed into cages by street vendors being sold illegally?’
      • ‘Don't try to cram too many people around a small dining room table.’
      • ‘There are about perhaps 500 people crammed into this small space.’
      • ‘Yesterday all my stuff arrived in Brixton and is now crammed into my room.’
      • ‘Everyone has seen on television a packed football ground with 50,000 spectators crammed together.’
      • ‘Developers are seeking to cram far too many dwellings on to the site.’
      force, ram, thrust, plunge, push, pile, stick, jam, pack, compress, squeeze, wedge, press, tamp, pound, drive, hammer, bang
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    2. 1.2no object (of a number of people) enter a place or space that is or seems to be too small to accommodate all of them.
      ‘they all crammed into the car’
      • ‘On the first night it was opened, twice that number of people crammed in.’
      • ‘Husband, wife and son crammed into the boot of his car.’
      • ‘I crammed unceremoniously into their car.’
      • ‘Strictly speaking, the club's crowd limit was around 50, but at least double that number usually crammed in.’
      • ‘Everyone crammed in the car about a hour later all talking excitedly.’
      • ‘People crammed into cars with their household possessions and drove out of the city.’
      • ‘We crammed out the backseat of the crummy car, and took what little we had out of the trunk.’
      • ‘Jazz fans crammed in to Westcliff's Cliffs Pavilion for the Echo's charity jazz night.’
      • ‘My friends had invited me on a drive so we all crammed in the car and set off.’
      • ‘At Victoria Park, fans crammed into any space available.’
      • ‘Everyone crammed into the insufficient accommodation as best they could.’
      • ‘A crowd of over 400 crammed into the hall, leaving standing room only, to join the record numbers of award winners.’
      • ‘Normally, we have a big car, but it's in the shop, so we have to cram into our other small car.’
      • ‘A crowd of 7,575 crammed into Gigg Lane for the game.’
      • ‘The 5,000 strong crowd crammed into an airplane hanger in rural Ohio.’
      • ‘So we all crammed into the car and headed to the Dells.’
      • ‘Crowds will cram into Cathedral Square to be among the first in the world to witness the dawn of the 21st century.’
      • ‘There were 4 people that just crammed into the small car.’
      • ‘Thousands more crammed into an adjacent room to listen via closed-circuit TV.’
      • ‘Numbers of backers crammed into schools and auditoriums.’
      crowd, crush, pack, jam, squash, wedge oneself, shove, push, jostle, throng, force one's way, thrust
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  • 2no object Study intensively over a short period of time just before an examination.

    ‘lectures were called off so students could cram for finals’
    • ‘Sitara wandered over to the round tables, were several students crammed together, their heads bent and studying.’
    • ‘This will help me forgetting it, yet I know I will just be another student who crams.’
    • ‘Parents drive their children to cram up for examinations and woe forbid, if the child is a prodigy.’
    • ‘I registered to take the February exam, paid $6 for the study booklet, and crammed for a week before the test.’
    • ‘I crammed for a week before taking Step 2 of the Boards.’
    • ‘The camera followed this fish out of water rocker as he auditions for the marching band and crams for finals.’
    • ‘A familiar sight during the exam period; as drowsiness sets in, coffee helps a student stay awake and cram for those finals.’
    • ‘Justine remembered that Kylie had been cramming mightily for the test when they last spoke.’
    • ‘There are too many students who believe in cramming rather than studying.’
    • ‘Students cram for mid-term and final exams, and attend lectures for the rest of the semester.’
    • ‘It was their final year of university and all the students were beginning to cram for final examinations.’
    • ‘He'll get up at 5.30 the next morning for a final cram.’
    • ‘The two college students cramming for finals at the next table certainly agreed.’
    • ‘How many times had they crammed for exams on the soft, overstuffed couch?’
    • ‘Students really should get a good night's sleep after cramming for an exam.’
    • ‘Unfortunately, after holidays comes the time to rush to finish projects, and then cram for exams.’
    • ‘Unlike fanatical me, they were all planning on cramming for their finals.’
    • ‘Even for a fast learner, though, four months is an awfully short time to cram.’
    • ‘I was rushing to get to class-and trying to cram for my next period's geography quiz.’
    • ‘When they weren't cramming for the upcoming tests they were practicing for the contest.’
    study intensively, revise
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Origin

Old English crammian, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch krammen ‘to cramp or clamp’.

Pronunciation

cram

/kram//kræm/