Definition of cram in English:

cram

verb

  • 1with object Completely fill (a place or container) to the point that it appears to be overflowing.

    ‘the ashtray by the bed was crammed with cigarette butts’
    • ‘Unlike her last, this is not an album crammed to the brim with hit singles.’
    • ‘Cars are filled and shopping centres and retail parks are crammed to capacity.’
    • ‘Our livestock buildings are becoming ever more crammed, ruling out species-specific animal husbandry.’
    • ‘Every public place, including the hospital, schools and churches, are crammed to capacity.’
    • ‘For example issues of the Chronicle of Higher Education are crammed to the brim with advertising from online education companies.’
    • ‘The flyover, roads and even pavements are crammed with vehicles.’
    • ‘The episodes on the second volume worked because they were crammed to the brim with jokes.’
    • ‘I agree with most people, the place is crammed with achingly cool Danes.’
    • ‘The place is crammed with cinema memorabilia - room after room packed full of it.’
    • ‘The place was crammed with Turkish fans who couldn't wait for their heroes to become world champions.’
    • ‘A favourite with day-trippers, the small town is crammed with glittering gift shops, candyfloss and tourists.’
    • ‘Instead she found herself in a room so crammed full of people that there was nowhere for her to sit.’
    • ‘The place is crammed with them, far too many to take in during one visit.’
    • ‘This salsa is very chunky and crammed full of tomatoes.’
    • ‘Sighing loudly, I made my way back into the hall which was now crammed to capacity.’
    • ‘The caravan park was crammed with campers, vans and tents.’
    • ‘Like all the entries in the encyclopedia, this one is crammed with details.’
    • ‘Many of these works are crammed with details and it is humanly impossible to recreate them.’
    • ‘The room was crammed with suitcases, footwear, clothes and other odds and ends strewn carelessly around.’
    • ‘Each bus is crammed full of passengers, luggage strapped on the roof racks.’
    stuff, pack, jam, fill, crowd, throng
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    1. 1.1 Force (people or things) into a place or container that is or appears to be too small to contain them.
      ‘it's amazing how you've managed to cram everyone in’
      figurative ‘he had crammed so much into his short life’
      ‘he crammed the sandwiches into his mouth’
      • ‘To say I crammed too many tomatoes into that small section is an understatement.’
      • ‘Hidden because she works at home on sewing machines crammed into a corner of her laundry.’
      • ‘There are about perhaps 500 people crammed into this small space.’
      • ‘There are dwellings crammed into every corner, up high and down low.’
      • ‘The average age of the 2,000 squealing fans crammed into the Civic Hall is 14.’
      • ‘There was a lifetimes worth of knowledge, all crammed into a room's worth of books.’
      • ‘The room was lined with bears, crammed into tiny isolation cages.’
      • ‘Once again, writers like to cram a lot of material into a single sentence.’
      • ‘Yesterday all my stuff arrived in Brixton and is now crammed into my room.’
      • ‘All 20 of us were crammed into a cage, it really was a squeeze.’
      • ‘The chamber was now so tightly crammed with pallets that there was scarcely room to walk between them.’
      • ‘When he observed the multitude of people crammed into the small space, he stopped short.’
      • ‘Crammed into the truck are men and women wearing yellow stars.’
      • ‘Everyone has seen on television a packed football ground with 50,000 spectators crammed together.’
      • ‘Over 300 people can be crammed tightly in the car whose capacity is only 200 people.’
      • ‘Are the brightly-coloured birds you see crammed into cages by street vendors being sold illegally?’
      • ‘Because they are crammed so tightly, the birds go crazy and peck at each other.’
      • ‘In every issue you folks manage to cram lots of good stuff onto those pages.’
      • ‘How did you cram so many nice things about me in that review?’
      • ‘Developers are seeking to cram far too many dwellings on to the site.’
      • ‘Don't try to cram too many people around a small dining room table.’
      force, ram, thrust, plunge, push, pile, stick, jam, pack, compress, squeeze, wedge, press, tamp, pound, drive, hammer, bang
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    2. 1.2no object (of a number of people) enter a place or space that is or seems to be too small to accommodate all of them.
      ‘they all crammed into the car’
      • ‘Husband, wife and son crammed into the boot of his car.’
      • ‘There were 4 people that just crammed into the small car.’
      • ‘Everyone crammed into the insufficient accommodation as best they could.’
      • ‘A crowd of 7,575 crammed into Gigg Lane for the game.’
      • ‘Crowds will cram into Cathedral Square to be among the first in the world to witness the dawn of the 21st century.’
      • ‘Strictly speaking, the club's crowd limit was around 50, but at least double that number usually crammed in.’
      • ‘We crammed out the backseat of the crummy car, and took what little we had out of the trunk.’
      • ‘Jazz fans crammed in to Westcliff's Cliffs Pavilion for the Echo's charity jazz night.’
      • ‘The 5,000 strong crowd crammed into an airplane hanger in rural Ohio.’
      • ‘Normally, we have a big car, but it's in the shop, so we have to cram into our other small car.’
      • ‘My friends had invited me on a drive so we all crammed in the car and set off.’
      • ‘On the first night it was opened, twice that number of people crammed in.’
      • ‘People crammed into cars with their household possessions and drove out of the city.’
      • ‘So we all crammed into the car and headed to the Dells.’
      • ‘I crammed unceremoniously into their car.’
      • ‘Everyone crammed in the car about a hour later all talking excitedly.’
      • ‘A crowd of over 400 crammed into the hall, leaving standing room only, to join the record numbers of award winners.’
      • ‘At Victoria Park, fans crammed into any space available.’
      • ‘Numbers of backers crammed into schools and auditoriums.’
      • ‘Thousands more crammed into an adjacent room to listen via closed-circuit TV.’
      crowd, crush, pack, jam, squash, wedge oneself, shove, push, jostle, throng, force one's way, thrust
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  • 2no object Study intensively over a short period of time just before an examination.

    ‘lectures were called off so students could cram for finals’
    • ‘It was their final year of university and all the students were beginning to cram for final examinations.’
    • ‘Students really should get a good night's sleep after cramming for an exam.’
    • ‘Parents drive their children to cram up for examinations and woe forbid, if the child is a prodigy.’
    • ‘A familiar sight during the exam period; as drowsiness sets in, coffee helps a student stay awake and cram for those finals.’
    • ‘Students cram for mid-term and final exams, and attend lectures for the rest of the semester.’
    • ‘He'll get up at 5.30 the next morning for a final cram.’
    • ‘This will help me forgetting it, yet I know I will just be another student who crams.’
    • ‘The camera followed this fish out of water rocker as he auditions for the marching band and crams for finals.’
    • ‘When they weren't cramming for the upcoming tests they were practicing for the contest.’
    • ‘I registered to take the February exam, paid $6 for the study booklet, and crammed for a week before the test.’
    • ‘Sitara wandered over to the round tables, were several students crammed together, their heads bent and studying.’
    • ‘I crammed for a week before taking Step 2 of the Boards.’
    • ‘There are too many students who believe in cramming rather than studying.’
    • ‘Even for a fast learner, though, four months is an awfully short time to cram.’
    • ‘Unfortunately, after holidays comes the time to rush to finish projects, and then cram for exams.’
    • ‘Unlike fanatical me, they were all planning on cramming for their finals.’
    • ‘How many times had they crammed for exams on the soft, overstuffed couch?’
    • ‘The two college students cramming for finals at the next table certainly agreed.’
    • ‘I was rushing to get to class-and trying to cram for my next period's geography quiz.’
    • ‘Justine remembered that Kylie had been cramming mightily for the test when they last spoke.’
    study intensively, revise
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Origin

Old English crammian, of Germanic origin; related to Dutch krammen ‘to cramp or clamp’.

Pronunciation

cram

/kram//kræm/