Definition of county in English:



  • 1(in the US) a political and administrative division of a state, providing certain local governmental services.

    • ‘He said a state law required the county to give the major political parties their copies for free.’
    • ‘The political absorption of the county by London gathered pace in the 19th cent.’
    • ‘Here was the role of parliament, building up and extending the active social and political life of the counties and towns.’
    • ‘On the basis of his study of the political conflict in that county, the author argues that the civil war was in its beginning a revolt against high taxes.’
    • ‘The data were initially collected at the county level for all metropolitan counties in the United States.’
    • ‘The county has a political structure that has pushed for integrated housing and public facilities.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, the man and his family have retaliated against the county and its political system.’
    • ‘He also asked for an assurance that I not am involved politically in espousing equal rights in the county.’
    • ‘It's a big deal here, in a county where politics means everything.’
    • ‘Critics charged that the board favored certain counties with ties to the political party in power.’
    • ‘He also was the only pro-life Democratic politician in the county.’
    • ‘The sites can be used to highlight important issues being tackled in the community as well as basic information such as county division and political party.’
    • ‘That alone made it an alluring county for political consultants to work in.’
    • ‘The supervisors may be able to exert political pressure, but have little other power over the county's transportation plans.’
    • ‘His spending blazed a new path through the county's usual political circuit.’
    province, federal state, region, territory, canton, department, area, district, sector, zone
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    1. 1.1 A territorial division of some countries, forming the chief unit of local administration.
      • ‘The violent attack on the county chief is a serious challenge to state authority that should never be tolerated under any circumstance.’
      • ‘He pointed out that in other counties the local GP carried out the inspections, which fast tracked the grant approval process.’
      • ‘Local councils across the county have also signed up to the campaign.’
      • ‘That means in areas which still have county councils, either the county or the local district would have to go.’
      • ‘This moved away from the British idea of counties and parishes as the territorial units of local government.’
      • ‘In this article, we refer to all county-level units as counties.’
      • ‘Furthermore, they competed with local authorities from 31 counties for this prestigious award.’
      • ‘But he claimed highways chiefs from the county's local councils had been insistent that the 11 additional sites were needed now.’
      • ‘Most of the close contacts and people under observation were locals from the county.’
      • ‘On Tuesday, hundreds of protesters drove trucks into the county administration building and injured a score of police troops on guard.’
      • ‘The results in the local county assembly election district were more mixed.’
      • ‘He outlined in particular, the importance of the local hospital for the county.’
      • ‘The majority live and work in every corner of the county - delivering local, not remote services.’
      • ‘Residents have urged the county's traffic chiefs to fund separate safety measures in a bid to halt the mounting death toll.’
      • ‘Residents will have the chance to express their views and concerns about local policing to the county's chief constable in a live webchat next week.’
      • ‘When he asked the county administration for a copy, he was told the permit couldn't be found.’
      • ‘England is also a culture of many smaller regionalisms, still centered on the old governmental unit of the county and the local villages and towns.’
      • ‘Most county and local governments, including school districts, also offer some sort of supplementary compensation.’
      • ‘All the local counties are organising activities so you cannot complain of boredom!’
      • ‘But the county's fire chief said he thought the dispute was damaging and could be protracted.’
      shire, province, territory, administrative unit, sector, department, state
      region, district, area, zone
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Middle English: from Old French conte, from Latin comitatus, from comes, comit- (see count). The word seems earliest to have denoted a meeting held periodically to transact the business of a shire.