Definition of county in English:

county

noun

  • 1(in the US) a political and administrative division of a state, providing certain local governmental services.

    • ‘Here was the role of parliament, building up and extending the active social and political life of the counties and towns.’
    • ‘That alone made it an alluring county for political consultants to work in.’
    • ‘The data were initially collected at the county level for all metropolitan counties in the United States.’
    • ‘His spending blazed a new path through the county's usual political circuit.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, the man and his family have retaliated against the county and its political system.’
    • ‘The supervisors may be able to exert political pressure, but have little other power over the county's transportation plans.’
    • ‘He said a state law required the county to give the major political parties their copies for free.’
    • ‘The political absorption of the county by London gathered pace in the 19th cent.’
    • ‘It's a big deal here, in a county where politics means everything.’
    • ‘Critics charged that the board favored certain counties with ties to the political party in power.’
    • ‘The sites can be used to highlight important issues being tackled in the community as well as basic information such as county division and political party.’
    • ‘He also was the only pro-life Democratic politician in the county.’
    • ‘He also asked for an assurance that I not am involved politically in espousing equal rights in the county.’
    • ‘On the basis of his study of the political conflict in that county, the author argues that the civil war was in its beginning a revolt against high taxes.’
    • ‘The county has a political structure that has pushed for integrated housing and public facilities.’
    province, federal state, region, territory, canton, department, area, district, sector, zone
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1A territorial division of some countries, forming the chief unit of local administration.
      • ‘But he claimed highways chiefs from the county's local councils had been insistent that the 11 additional sites were needed now.’
      • ‘But the county's fire chief said he thought the dispute was damaging and could be protracted.’
      • ‘In this article, we refer to all county-level units as counties.’
      • ‘Residents have urged the county's traffic chiefs to fund separate safety measures in a bid to halt the mounting death toll.’
      • ‘He outlined in particular, the importance of the local hospital for the county.’
      • ‘The majority live and work in every corner of the county - delivering local, not remote services.’
      • ‘Furthermore, they competed with local authorities from 31 counties for this prestigious award.’
      • ‘When he asked the county administration for a copy, he was told the permit couldn't be found.’
      • ‘Residents will have the chance to express their views and concerns about local policing to the county's chief constable in a live webchat next week.’
      • ‘Most county and local governments, including school districts, also offer some sort of supplementary compensation.’
      • ‘England is also a culture of many smaller regionalisms, still centered on the old governmental unit of the county and the local villages and towns.’
      • ‘The results in the local county assembly election district were more mixed.’
      • ‘The violent attack on the county chief is a serious challenge to state authority that should never be tolerated under any circumstance.’
      • ‘This moved away from the British idea of counties and parishes as the territorial units of local government.’
      • ‘That means in areas which still have county councils, either the county or the local district would have to go.’
      • ‘He pointed out that in other counties the local GP carried out the inspections, which fast tracked the grant approval process.’
      • ‘Most of the close contacts and people under observation were locals from the county.’
      • ‘Local councils across the county have also signed up to the campaign.’
      • ‘On Tuesday, hundreds of protesters drove trucks into the county administration building and injured a score of police troops on guard.’
      • ‘All the local counties are organising activities so you cannot complain of boredom!’

Origin

Middle English: from Old French conte, from Latin comitatus, from comes, comit- (see count). The word seems earliest to have denoted a meeting held periodically to transact the business of a shire.

Pronunciation:

county

/ˈkoun(t)ē/