Definition of counterclaim in US English:

counterclaim

noun

  • 1A claim made to rebut a previous claim.

    ‘monitoring programs set up in the wake of these various claims and counterclaims will resolve the issue’
    • ‘What I will be doing is focusing on some recent developments in the debates produced by these familiar claims and counterclaims.’
    • ‘The connection between the two led to a series of claims and counterclaims that seriously damaged Number 10.’
    • ‘There are a hundred more pieces of the jigsaw to fit into place: retrospective claim and counterclaim about planned and spontaneous action.’
    • ‘There have been claims and counterclaims throughout the week about what's happening inside that refugee camp, or indeed what happened in the previous days.’
    • ‘One day the media seems filled with reports of new findings and declarations, yet the next day there appears just as many counterclaims.’
    • ‘But there have been counterclaims that Mr Hughes has overreacted and has aggravated villagers.’
    • ‘Claim and counterclaim continue about the salary arrangements.’
    • ‘But they did not talk about any deaths, even though there were counterclaims by the ruling party that six of their supporters were killed in the confrontation.’
    • ‘It's been 14 months of headlines, charges, claims and counterclaims and lots of hearings.’
    • ‘For every claim there is, somewhere, a counterclaim.’
    • ‘Many claims and counterclaims were advertised about who the real market leader was and who was the benefactor of the readers and protected the consumer's wallet.’
    • ‘And as with any hot scandal, it is fast developing into a whole new blame game altogether with claims and counterclaims flying all over the place - and that's just in the blogosphere.’
    • ‘NASA also recently published this web site with point-by-point counterclaims to Apollo hoax allegations.’
    • ‘With mounds of defamatory material, of claims and counterclaims, will anyone pay attention?’
    • ‘That explains the controversies and counterclaims about who is borrowing what from whom.’
    • ‘This is not the place to lay out claims and counterclaims about how life originated on Earth; we plan to do that, soon enough.’
    • ‘Claims and counterclaims are being made about who is right and who is wrong in the development of this fishery.’
    • ‘And public cynicism is also likely to increase as the claims and counterclaims become increasingly frantic as polling day approaches.’
    • ‘There are claims and counterclaims over whether the railings were in need of repair before the trip or if they were damaged in a collision earlier in the evening.’
    • ‘It is understood that there are counterclaims that the player was goading supporters.’
    1. 1.1Law A claim made by a defendant against a plaintiff.
      ‘the debtor has an arguable counterclaim for damages’
      • ‘The consulting engineers involved sought payment of $23,000, and got a counterclaim and suit for $200,000 for its claims.’
      • ‘I am pretty confident the counterclaim will be tossed out and am hoping to get at least some of my money back, or at least a decision saying the money should be mine.’
      • ‘The defendants have a counterclaim for damages for trespass against the plaintiff.’
      • ‘If you refrain from suing someone, but then they go ahead and sue you, that's the end of your restraint and time to assert the counterclaim.’
      • ‘Our lawyers are looking at the allegations in the counterclaim.’

verb

[no object]Law
  • Make a counterclaim for something.

    ‘he counterclaimed for damages for breach of the covenant’
    with object ‘she counterclaimed damages for late delivery’
    • ‘The defendants have not counterclaimed, but they have defended on the basis that the plaintiffs are responsible for the alleged reduction in the value that an independent valuator placed on the shares.’
    • ‘The plaintiff sued to recover the final payment and the owners counterclaimed for ‘rescission’ and for the return of money paid.’
    • ‘The Town defended the action and counterclaimed against AWS for damages.’
    • ‘After failing to obtain payment from the manager, he now counterclaimed against the bank, arguing that it was under a duty to see that the manager did not under-insure the vessel.’
    • ‘The defendant counterclaimed the cost of rebuilding the pool to the required depth which would have amounted to £21, 560.’
    • ‘On the basis of his contention that the true value of the property was between £70,000 and £80,000, Mr Ross counterclaimed for £29,000.’
    • ‘In addition Mr Newbery counterclaimed damages for shock and distress.’
    • ‘Instead, the plaintiffs defended this action and counterclaimed against the Bank.’
    • ‘She instituted proceedings against her landlord for breach of his repairing covenant and he counterclaimed for possession.’
    • ‘The Davis and Cameron factions are already counterclaiming that each is briefing against the other.’
    • ‘Mr Jaura counterclaimed for damages for wrongful termination of the lease.’
    • ‘It was for this reason that the defendant counterclaimed for a declaration of non-infringement in relation to Process B.’
    • ‘It should be noted that the defendant counterclaimed against the plaintiffs for general damages of $250, 000.00 and punitive damages of $50, 000.00.’
    • ‘Reeve and Lawrence counterclaimed for damages for breach of contract by failure to meet the temperature and flow rate criteria for the supply of cool water.’
    • ‘He counterclaimed for damages for misrepresentation and breach of contract of employment.’
    • ‘On April 3, 1998, Paragon counterclaimed against United and others.’
    • ‘It is counterclaiming for $25,000 in damages for breach of contract.’
    • ‘The police counterclaimed, stating that the cyclists were engaging in this act without a permit.’
    • ‘Last in the underlying action, the defendant has counterclaimed.’
    • ‘Defendants have counterclaimed for defamation and abuse of process.’

Pronunciation

counterclaim

/ˈkaʊn(t)ərˌkleɪm//ˈkoun(t)ərˌklām/