Definition of cosmology in US English:



  • 1The science of the origin and development of the universe. Modern astronomy is dominated by the Big Bang theory, which brings together observational astronomy and particle physics.

    • ‘In turn, that led to the birth of a whole new science, cosmology, that gave us most of our modern ideas of the creation of the universe itself.’
    • ‘Compared to physics and astronomy, cosmology is a young science.’
    • ‘Only after such a transformation could modern physics and cosmology became accessible to the public.’
    • ‘He does work on cosmology and astronomy, and he wondered how he would explain what the applications of this work were.’
    • ‘Is it necessary for humans to create stars in a laboratory in order for us to develop a science of cosmology?’
    • ‘The big bang theory of cosmology asserts that the universe was once a very small and very hot soup of energetic subatomic particles.’
    • ‘He is phenomenally interested in modern cosmology, physics, neuroscience and psychology.’
    • ‘The fields that have continued to amaze are astronomy and cosmology, which are obviously healthy.’
    • ‘In the last half of the twentieth century, astronomers made enormous progress in understanding cosmology.’
    • ‘According to modern cosmology, the entire universe is an evolutionary system.’
    • ‘The question Nagel mentions of systems far from equilibrium arises frequently in particle physics and cosmology.’
    • ‘The intersection between cosmology and particle physics us likely to remain an exciting area of science for many years to come.’
    • ‘This comment also applies to cosmology, astronomy, aspects of biology and in fact much scientific and medical experimentation.’
    • ‘When I began research, the two areas that seemed exciting were cosmology and elementary particle physics.’
    • ‘For two decades the idea that matter is made up of tiny strings, rather than point-like particles, has dominated cosmology.’
    • ‘It focuses on cosmology and astronomy, and on Earth's place in the universe.’
    • ‘We have come to realize, through developments in astronomy and cosmology, that we are still quite near the beginning.’
    • ‘All of modern cosmology, including the theory of the expanding universe, rests on that assumption.’
    • ‘The Hubble Deep Field images have made some of the greatest impacts on observational cosmology so far.’
    • ‘Astronomy and cosmology have made the universe smaller and vaster than ever before, but where does humanity fit in?’
    1. 1.1 An account or theory of the origin of the universe.
      • ‘If human cosmologies do not become attuned to the need to preserve our terrestrial habitat, humanity will sooner or later run out of future.’
      • ‘What mysterious psychological law would have caused them to both use the umbrella as a sign of royalty, to invent the same games, imagine similar cosmologies, and attribute the same colors to the different directions?’
      • ‘This solves some of the so called classical problems of the Big Bang cosmology.’
      • ‘Alternative cosmologies try to account for these perturbations in different ways.’
      • ‘It was not Einstein but Friedmann who developed the mathematical models of an expanding Universe, which form the basis of the modern Big Bang cosmology.’
      • ‘The layered heavens, angels, archangels and demons, and continual recycling of souls are very similar to the Wheel of Karma and other similar cosmologies of Buddhist and Hindu belief.’
      • ‘Many of the physical theories and cosmologies of the Greeks read like rational revisions of the early myths.’
      • ‘There would be different cosmologies for different parts of the universe!’
      • ‘In the lead essay, he seeks a common structure and shared tradition that underlies the various cosmologies.’
      • ‘In this respect it differs greatly from all other cosmologies which either rely on a conventionally obtained body of physics or have not yet succeeded in drawing conclusions of local interest from the cosmological principle.’
      • ‘They're both radically different cosmologies.’
      • ‘She clearly resists any notion of an unbroken, essentialised African lineage, seeing such traditions as a variable intermixing of older cosmologies and newer spiritual conceptions.’
      • ‘At Rome Galileo argued his astronomy against Aristotelian cosmology in various places and before various groups.’
      • ‘Nonetheless, many powerful lineages managed to retain power through political maneuvers and by maintaining a monopoly on spiritual practices centrally associated in local cosmologies with agriculture and fertility.’
      • ‘Alternate interpretations are not even hinted at, despite many flaws in conventional big bang cosmology.’
      • ‘The key ethnographic chapters deal with cosmologies, the idea and practice of sacrifice, and the power of ritual speech, in the context of this ‘translation’ project.’
      • ‘Is there a prevailing view within creationism concerning the issue of distant starlight and time, or are there several creationist cosmologies that are considered viable possibilities?’
      • ‘Several creationists have proposed galactocentric cosmologies.’
      • ‘The human body occupies an ambiguous, even a paradoxical role in cultural categorizations - from the cosmologies of the archaic societies to the concepts and practices of modern Western civilization.’
      • ‘Reflecting older cosmologies, evolutionist schemes in anthropology differed markedly from biology in positing universal stages through which cultures pass, and into which extant cultures can be placed.’


Mid 17th century: from French cosmologie or modern Latin cosmologia, from Greek kosmos ‘order or world’ + -logia ‘discourse’.