Definition of cosmology in English:



  • 1The science of the origin and development of the universe. Modern astronomy is dominated by the Big Bang theory, which brings together observational astronomy and particle physics.

    • ‘Compared to physics and astronomy, cosmology is a young science.’
    • ‘He is phenomenally interested in modern cosmology, physics, neuroscience and psychology.’
    • ‘It focuses on cosmology and astronomy, and on Earth's place in the universe.’
    • ‘When I began research, the two areas that seemed exciting were cosmology and elementary particle physics.’
    • ‘This comment also applies to cosmology, astronomy, aspects of biology and in fact much scientific and medical experimentation.’
    • ‘He does work on cosmology and astronomy, and he wondered how he would explain what the applications of this work were.’
    • ‘The intersection between cosmology and particle physics us likely to remain an exciting area of science for many years to come.’
    • ‘In the last half of the twentieth century, astronomers made enormous progress in understanding cosmology.’
    • ‘All of modern cosmology, including the theory of the expanding universe, rests on that assumption.’
    • ‘In turn, that led to the birth of a whole new science, cosmology, that gave us most of our modern ideas of the creation of the universe itself.’
    • ‘Only after such a transformation could modern physics and cosmology became accessible to the public.’
    • ‘We have come to realize, through developments in astronomy and cosmology, that we are still quite near the beginning.’
    • ‘Is it necessary for humans to create stars in a laboratory in order for us to develop a science of cosmology?’
    • ‘For two decades the idea that matter is made up of tiny strings, rather than point-like particles, has dominated cosmology.’
    • ‘The Hubble Deep Field images have made some of the greatest impacts on observational cosmology so far.’
    • ‘According to modern cosmology, the entire universe is an evolutionary system.’
    • ‘The big bang theory of cosmology asserts that the universe was once a very small and very hot soup of energetic subatomic particles.’
    • ‘Astronomy and cosmology have made the universe smaller and vaster than ever before, but where does humanity fit in?’
    • ‘The fields that have continued to amaze are astronomy and cosmology, which are obviously healthy.’
    • ‘The question Nagel mentions of systems far from equilibrium arises frequently in particle physics and cosmology.’
    1. 1.1 An account or theory of the origin of the universe.
      • ‘Alternate interpretations are not even hinted at, despite many flaws in conventional big bang cosmology.’
      • ‘The layered heavens, angels, archangels and demons, and continual recycling of souls are very similar to the Wheel of Karma and other similar cosmologies of Buddhist and Hindu belief.’
      • ‘There would be different cosmologies for different parts of the universe!’
      • ‘At Rome Galileo argued his astronomy against Aristotelian cosmology in various places and before various groups.’
      • ‘In the lead essay, he seeks a common structure and shared tradition that underlies the various cosmologies.’
      • ‘What mysterious psychological law would have caused them to both use the umbrella as a sign of royalty, to invent the same games, imagine similar cosmologies, and attribute the same colors to the different directions?’
      • ‘Reflecting older cosmologies, evolutionist schemes in anthropology differed markedly from biology in positing universal stages through which cultures pass, and into which extant cultures can be placed.’
      • ‘Many of the physical theories and cosmologies of the Greeks read like rational revisions of the early myths.’
      • ‘This solves some of the so called classical problems of the Big Bang cosmology.’
      • ‘In this respect it differs greatly from all other cosmologies which either rely on a conventionally obtained body of physics or have not yet succeeded in drawing conclusions of local interest from the cosmological principle.’
      • ‘Is there a prevailing view within creationism concerning the issue of distant starlight and time, or are there several creationist cosmologies that are considered viable possibilities?’
      • ‘Nonetheless, many powerful lineages managed to retain power through political maneuvers and by maintaining a monopoly on spiritual practices centrally associated in local cosmologies with agriculture and fertility.’
      • ‘They're both radically different cosmologies.’
      • ‘It was not Einstein but Friedmann who developed the mathematical models of an expanding Universe, which form the basis of the modern Big Bang cosmology.’
      • ‘Alternative cosmologies try to account for these perturbations in different ways.’
      • ‘The human body occupies an ambiguous, even a paradoxical role in cultural categorizations - from the cosmologies of the archaic societies to the concepts and practices of modern Western civilization.’
      • ‘If human cosmologies do not become attuned to the need to preserve our terrestrial habitat, humanity will sooner or later run out of future.’
      • ‘She clearly resists any notion of an unbroken, essentialised African lineage, seeing such traditions as a variable intermixing of older cosmologies and newer spiritual conceptions.’
      • ‘Several creationists have proposed galactocentric cosmologies.’
      • ‘The key ethnographic chapters deal with cosmologies, the idea and practice of sacrifice, and the power of ritual speech, in the context of this ‘translation’ project.’


Mid 17th century: from French cosmologie or modern Latin cosmologia, from Greek kosmos ‘order or world’ + -logia ‘discourse’.