Definition of cosmography in US English:


nounPlural cosmographies

  • 1The science that deals with the general features of the universe, including the earth. The branches of cosmography include astronomy, geography, and geology.

    • ‘But Kantor emerged from his explorations with a clearer understanding of barbecue and his own place in its cosmography.’
    • ‘He entered the University of Leipzig where he studied mathematics, astronomy and cosmography.’
    • ‘For this reason, the principal tool of cosmography has become the redshift survey.’
    • ‘Realising that Mercator wanted to learn mathematics to apply it to cosmography, Gemma Frisius gave him advice on the best route into learning the mathematics he needed to know, giving him books to study at home.’
    • ‘He instructed the crews on geometry and cosmography before they left for voyages to North America in 1576.’
    • ‘For his part, Pacioli understood the mathematical disciplines to be arithmetic, geometry, astrology, music, perspective, architecture, and cosmography.’
    • ‘Moore wrote the sections on arithmetic, geometry, trigonometry and cosmography while the sections on algebra, Euclid and navigation were written by Perkins.’
    • ‘Any similarities between the layouts likely derived from a shared spatial cosmography.’
    • ‘He was interested in works on cosmography and genealogy and, as a political man with a classical education, owned a substantial library of Greek, Latin, and Italian books.’
    • ‘He was to hold this appointment for 20 years and contribute not only to mathematics but also to astronomy and cosmography.’
    1. 1.1 A description or representation of the universe or the earth.
      • ‘It is bound in a 8th century manuscript, measures 29 X 23 cm and was designed to illustrate the cosmographies of Julius Honorius and Orosius.’
      • ‘This research is about children's cosmologies and its associated cosmographies.’
      • ‘She has authored articles that range in topics from pilgrims’ maps to devotional arts, gender and ethnicity issues in Buddhist patronage, cults of saints in Asian traditions, and images of Buddhist cosmographies.’
      • ‘It was a new installment in his elaborate cosmography in progress.’
      • ‘In fact the exhibition brings together quite a number of manuscripts; in addition to Qurans, histories, cosmographies and copies of the Shahnameh (Persian Book of Kings) are also displayed.’
      • ‘This is the most scientific of the four cosmographies, being a significant astronomical text.’
      • ‘Astronomers used and authored astrological tracts, astronomical tables and ephemerides, calendars and weather diaries, cosmographies, defences and histories of their discipline, instrument-treatises, observations of celestial phenomena, studies on optics, theories of planetary motion, and works on geometry and trigonometry.’
      • ‘It completed a circuit of cultural influence by stimulating the further publication of many forms of travel literature, particularly the cosmographies, which invariably included a chapter on the Tartars.’
      • ‘Each chapter tackles one type of source - travelogues, maps and cosmographies, grammars, histories and essays - and dissects them for evidence of Eurasian Exchange.’
      • ‘While this nostalgia certainly informs and influences her vision, it is balanced within a fairly complex cosmography that distinguishes between going ‘back’ and ‘going backward.’’
      • ‘Besides the fine world maps drawn according to the projections of the best scholars of the period - such as the 1566 map by Guillaume Le Testu, or the marvelous, richly illuminated cosmographies, largely consisting of speculations on lands ‘as yet undiscovered ‘- most were maps intended for navigation.’’


Late Middle English: from French cosmographie, or via late Latin from Greek kosmographia, from kosmos (see cosmos) + -graphia ‘writing’.