Definition of correlation in English:

correlation

noun

  • 1A mutual relationship or connection between two or more things.

    ‘research showed a clear correlation between recession and levels of property crime’
    • ‘A negative correlation between triangulation and intimacy has also been demonstrated.’
    • ‘The clear correlation between climate and vegetation becomes more obscure at a local scale.’
    • ‘There was a clear correlation between restoration of weight and the rate of wound healing.’
    • ‘The survey also found a clear correlation between leadership and progress on this agenda.’
    • ‘There is a clear correlation between literacy and growth (though the direction of causation was not all one way).’
    • ‘In that study, a positive correlation between clear observations and seasonality could not be found.’
    • ‘Most children must learn fairly early in their television viewing lives that there is not an exact correlation between advertising claims and the truth.’
    • ‘Each bone displays an intimate correlation between form and function.’
    • ‘Research finds an observable correlation between trade relations and improved warmth of feeling.’
    • ‘These results showed a clear correlation between quality of life and the level of air pollutants.’
    • ‘I'm stretching a point here, but I hope the correlation between food choices and advertising is clear.’
    • ‘There is a clear correlation between petrol price and consumption.’
    • ‘One factor that raises variance is a positive correlation between genetic and environmental variables.’
    • ‘As far as the core features are concerned, there is a clear correlation between the size of the company and the likelihood of its displaying all five core features.’
    • ‘Intuitively, one would expect to find a significant correlation between employee engagement and what a business produces.’
    • ‘Moreover, as Lomborg points out, there is a strong correlation between increased prosperity and environmental improvement.’
    • ‘Back in the Fifties sociological research found that there was a clear correlation between how society viewed people and the prevailing political attitudes.’
    • ‘‘Our research shows that there is a clear correlation between experience and proclivity to buy,’ he said.’
    • ‘Overall these papers reinforce the idea that the evidence for a correlation between income inequality and the health of the population is slowly dissipating.’
    • ‘English-speaking children very soon catch on to the correlation between the conceptual distinction and the distributional cues for it.’
    connection, association, link, tie-in, tie-up, relation, relationship, interrelationship, interdependence, interconnection, interaction
    correspondence, parallel, equivalence, reciprocity, mutuality, concurrence
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Statistics
      Interdependence of variable quantities.
      • ‘Because of the high degree of intercorrelation among the needs variables, we used correlation, cluster, and regression analysis to aid data reduction.’
      • ‘The Spearman rank correlation coefficient was computed to assess correlation between continuous variables.’
      • ‘He took up this post in January 1927 and his first published papers are on the theory of correlation.’
      • ‘I reordered the values so that there was a maximum positive correlation between the two variables.’
      • ‘Also, we used nonparametric correlation tests in bivariate analyses that included these variables.’
    2. 1.2Statistics
      A quantity measuring the extent of interdependence of variable quantities.
      • ‘The average of the two correlations was used to quantify the dependence of tests conducted within the interval.’
      • ‘For all variance components, the correlation between the two results is close to 1.’
      • ‘On the contrary, the correlation between estimated and true liabilities was 0.80 over a wide range of parameters.’
      • ‘Just as was done on the 13 individual test scores, we can go further and measure the correlations among these four group factors.’
      • ‘Thus statistical correlations derived from quantitative research can be further explained using qualitative techniques.’
    3. 1.3The process of establishing a relationship or connection between two or more measures.
      • ‘Ammonites are abundant and diverse and allow correlation with the standard Albian section of the Anglo-Paris Basin.’
      • ‘Within parentals, we used correlation to investigate the relationship between body weight and risk.’
      • ‘The sediments are noted for their rich ammonoid faunas, which allow detailed biostratigraphic subdivision and correlation.’
      • ‘In more detail, correlation of the data with surface geology allows controls to be placed on the deep structure of the orogenic units and the age of the reflections.’
      • ‘On the other hand, as mentioned in the previous section, path analysis does not allow any correlation among the error terms.’
      • ‘This allows for rapid correlation of sequence data with biological functions.’
      • ‘The need for good fossil data for correlation remains critical.’

Origin

Mid 16th century: from medieval Latin correlatio(n-), from cor- together + relatio (see relation).

Pronunciation:

correlation

/ˌkôrəˈlāSH(ə)n/