One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
Tenure of land based on manorial records.
- ‘It is known to have been held by the Hathaway family from at least 1543, as part of copyhold property granted then to John Hathaway.’
- ‘In 1732 a statute set a property-owning minimum at an (in the circumstances) relatively modest level: the would-be justice had to hold property by freehold, copyhold, or a lease for lives worth £100 a year.’
- ‘Only in Denmark, where there was equally no serfdom, was there a sale of unprofitable copyhold lands by landowners from the 1780s, which gave rise to a class of 60,000 large tenant-farmers who came to form the backbone of the country.’
- ‘Broadly, over half of English tenants held their land by copyhold, that is by customary tenures involving low rents.’
- ‘I use the word sale for simplicity although, being copyhold, the land was in fact surrendered to the Lord of the Manor by the vendors and then re-granted by him to the purchasers.’
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