Definition of conviction in US English:

conviction

noun

  • 1A formal declaration that someone is guilty of a criminal offense, made by the verdict of a jury or the decision of a judge in a court of law.

    ‘she had a previous conviction for a similar offense’
    • ‘The court heard she had previous convictions for possessing cannabis, criminal damage and theft.’
    • ‘The anaesthetist in the above case was found guilty and his conviction was upheld in the House of Lords.’
    • ‘Nonetheless, this was certainly the common law rule with regard to criminal convictions.’
    • ‘They were aware of his previous convictions and he was cross-examined accordingly.’
    • ‘The Court of Criminal Appeal quashed the conviction for murder and substituted one of manslaughter.’
    • ‘At an early stage the jury were told of the appellant's previous convictions.’
    • ‘What is sought now to be done is to ask the court to overturn a conviction because he made a decision not to call evidence.’
    • ‘The breathalyzer readings resulted in the appellant's conviction before the trial court.’
    • ‘The fact that a claimant has convictions for offences of dishonesty does not mean that a jury must disbelieve him.’
    • ‘Of course just because he has a previous conviction does not mean he is guilty of this offence now.’
    • ‘This raises a clear implication that the defendant has no previous convictions.’
    • ‘Three of those arrested have previous convictions for armed robbery and murder.’
    • ‘One of her teachers was found guilty of negligent homicide in a French court but his conviction was later overturned.’
    • ‘I am therefore of the view that it is not appropriate to substitute a verdict of acquittal for the conviction.’
    • ‘It is submitted that a criminal conviction would have a serious adverse effect on a promising career.’
    • ‘Accordingly, the Court of Criminal Appeal quashed the conviction and ordered a new trial.’
    • ‘The defendant has nine previous convictions including two sexual offences.’
    • ‘A conviction for that offence could not in any sense have been less than clear in its meaning.’
    • ‘He pleaded not guilty, but his conviction was confirmed on appeal in February the following year.’
    • ‘They might as well just read the charge and the previous convictions and send the jury out to convict.’
    declaration of guilt, pronouncement of guilt, sentence, judgement
    View synonyms
  • 2A firmly held belief or opinion.

    ‘she takes pride in stating her political convictions’
    ‘his conviction that the death was no accident’
    • ‘This afternoon I have tried to set before you some of my most deeply held convictions and beliefs.’
    • ‘How do these personal characteristics affect his political convictions and actions?’
    • ‘And nothing the Labour dominated select committee might decide will alter that conviction.’
    • ‘I think it's more difficult to identify how particular convictions and views emerged.’
    • ‘It comes from a perfectly rational conviction that great powers never act out of pure altruism.’
    • ‘I think, however, that if there were such a group it would not make that conviction public.’
    • ‘But not, they stress throughout the interview, out of a deep political conviction.’
    • ‘Perhaps, your belief is something that is an inexplicable conviction in which you trust.’
    • ‘This remarkable gathering, I believe, is a proof that this conviction is correct.’
    • ‘Hardly anyone speaks any more of sound convictions or of conscious political action.’
    • ‘And yet how can I turn away from my faith in God, my political convictions, my gender?’
    • ‘Yet those convictions are now shared by a higher proportion of the population than he realises.’
    • ‘Accordingly, if we did retain conviction, our belief would no longer amount to knowledge.’
    • ‘There is no reason why a BBC journalist should not have political convictions.’
    • ‘We all have strong thoughts and convictions of ideas and events that surround us.’
    • ‘Within his belief system he cannot budge from or question these convictions.’
    • ‘They are also a band who have not been afraid to wear their political convictions on their sleeves.’
    • ‘They will remain hostile to any political party that seems to disdain their convictions.’
    • ‘The very fact that a politician has strong convictions does not preclude him from being pragmatic.’
    • ‘According to the relativist, belief and conviction fly out of the window because truth is, as it were, too cheap to care about.’
    belief, opinion, view, thought, persuasion, idea, position, stance
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1 The quality of showing that one is firmly convinced of what one believes or says.
      ‘his voice lacked conviction’
      • ‘Her steadfast delivery favours conviction over decoration and never overstates the point.’
      • ‘You can then get away with the lie by telling it with enough conviction and plausibility that your audience believes you.’
      • ‘But this side showed great resolve and conviction and by the interval had drawn level.’
      • ‘It was something she could immerse herself in with conviction, sincerity and total commitment.’
      • ‘It is quite a regular story of friends and campus but it's told with a certain amount of conviction.’
      • ‘Or is it that people with vision and ideas lack the conviction to put them forward and risk sounding stupid?’
      • ‘Kathy said but there was a lack of conviction in her voice now and I smiled inwardly.’
      • ‘If you agree with me, then stand up with conviction for what we believe in and fight for it.’
      • ‘Yet it goes to the credit of the author that she has tried to vindicate him with rare conviction and commitment.’
      • ‘The boy's voice lacked much conviction but worse than that he sounded as if he were about to cry.’
      • ‘There was at least conviction and a certain musicality about Kennedy's speeches.’
      • ‘All sides are motivated by fear and marked by a lack of conviction.’
      • ‘Pearson was an enterprising individual and demonstrated great conviction in his way-out proposal.’
      • ‘Australia must be met with the full force of England's conviction, and only victory in the coming weeks will provide that.’
      • ‘Marks are awarded for conviction and enthusiasm, rather than skill.’
      • ‘Being a champion of governance reform, the President should move with resolve and conviction.’
      • ‘In due course the degree of conviction required of the believer became the subject of theological debate.’
      • ‘The answer is given with so much conviction that you have to believe him or at least believe that he believes it.’
      • ‘The song has the conviction to touch each Indian; the belief to give voice to the children of India.’
      • ‘He had his own line of thinking and would defend his views with a resolute sincerity and great conviction.’
      certainty, certitude, assurance, confidence, sureness, positiveness
      View synonyms

Origin

Late Middle English: from Latin convictio(n-), from the verb convincere (see convince).

Pronunciation

conviction

/kənˈvikSH(ə)n//kənˈvɪkʃ(ə)n/