Definition of consul in English:

consul

noun

  • 1An official appointed by a government to live in a foreign city and protect and promote the government's citizens and interests there.

    • ‘Foreign officials and consuls formed a special clique in the years of the late Qing Dynasty.’
    • ‘A host of local dignitaries presented bouquets of flowers to Rewat Thongprada, the honorary consul appointed by the Kazakhstan ministry of foreign affairs.’
    • ‘While everyone's attention has been focused on the election results, the Foreign Office has been quietly kicking the UK consul in Romania.’
    • ‘They improved their economic situation under the protection of European consuls, displacing the Jews from international commerce and financial business.’
    • ‘Athy Town Council chairperson and Special Olympics Committee chairperson, Mark Dalton said he was honoured to welcome the ambassador and his consul.’
    • ‘In contrast, Bremen and Hamburg received low-level consuls, mostly merchants interested in enhancing their own individual economic interests.’
    • ‘Estonia and Scotland have strong links and, on the eve of Estonia's accession to the European Union, the country has recently appointed an honorary consul in Scotland.’
    • ‘Appointed a Chilean consul, Neruda went first to Barcelona and then to Madrid in 1935.’
    • ‘Detective Chief Inspector Steve Brunskill said this particularly complicated case was made easier by excellent co-operation between Lancashire Police, the Chinese officers and the Chinese consul.’
    • ‘When the receptionist, an English-speaking woman, opened her window I went up to her to inform her that I was not a visa applicant but had an appointment with the consul.’
    • ‘Rumors of corruption and controversies with foreign consuls caused him to be recalled in December.’
    • ‘The top military leadership position is the Minister of Defense, who is appointed by a consul, the head of the Valtavech government.’
    • ‘British consul Donald Holder likes the city, too.’
    • ‘It was left to the British consul to defend their interests in a rare burst of civic solidarity!’
    • ‘It is basically a chance for the various consuls from around the world to meet and compare notes.’
    • ‘They refused to acknowledge the declaration of war, responded to demands from Beijing for troops with merely token forces, and negotiated a ‘business as usual’ arrangement with the foreign consuls.’
    • ‘Federal officials and foreign consuls indicated their respect for the former president partly by lowering their flags to half-mast.’
    • ‘A Foreign Office spokeswoman said: ‘The consul visited the baby today and he is very well.’’
    • ‘The honour for Fletcher officially came just hours after the consul's office in the city was closed down.’
    • ‘The US citizen, Komarovsky, was handed over to an American consul in Ashgabat on 24 April 2003 for deportation to the United States.’
    ambassador, diplomat, chargé d'affaires, attaché, envoy, emissary, plenipotentiary, consul general
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  • 2(in ancient Rome) one of the two annually elected chief magistrates who jointly ruled the republic.

    • ‘Returning to Rome, Marius was elected consul for five years consecutively and given command against the migrating Cimbri and Teutones, who had inflicted a series of defeats on the Romans and were threatening Italy.’
    • ‘Furious, he drove both consuls and the Senate from Rome.’
    • ‘After his return from a successful year administrating Spain Caesar was elected consul for 59 BC through political alliance with Pompey and Crassus.’
    • ‘So the Senate sent both consuls north to meet the Carthaginian.’
    • ‘The campaign worked, and he was elected consul for 108.’
    • ‘The Assembly of Centuries (comitia centuriata), which conducted annual elections of consuls, was composed of all members of the army.’
    • ‘A spokesman stepped forward to offer a compromise: Octavian would remain consul, but a second consul would be elected annually, as of old, so that he could share the burden.’
    • ‘They used bribery to get him elected consul for 59 (this pact is known as the ‘first triumvirate’ - a term without ancient authority).’
    • ‘Together Pompey, Crassus and Caesar succeed in getting Caesar elected consul and in passing legislation that mainly benefited them.’
    • ‘It is dated by the name of the consul serving in Rome under Trajan in AD 98.’
    • ‘In fact, they argued so vociferously, over everything from the dates of the kingdoms of Israel and Judah to those of the consuls of ancient Rome, that their quarrels became proverbial.’
    • ‘It is on the site of the Laterani family palace, seized by the emperor Nero when a consul of that ancient family was accused of treason.’
    • ‘They have taken to heart, perhaps overly so, lessons from the ancient Roman Republic, where the consuls were to serve for no more than a single year.’
    • ‘Elected consul for 205, Scipio wanted to carry the war to Africa.’
    • ‘Cicero and Antonius were elected consuls, and Catiline, secretly encouraged by Caesar and Crassus, prepared for a rising.’
    • ‘In place of the monarchy they set up a republic with power vested in a senate and two annually elected consuls.’
    • ‘So, in 216, once again Roman consuls led Roman armies against Hannibal.’
    • ‘Like the ‘Centuriata ‘it was convened by consuls or praetors and became the main legislative body and elected most of the lower magistrates.’’
    • ‘In 205, Scipio ran for consul on the platform that he could defeat Carthage and bring the long war to a close.’
    • ‘Even monarchy, which was replaced by two consuls jointly holding the imperium of the royal office, retained a vestigial presence in the form of a religious official called the rex sacrorum.’
    1. 2.1 Any of the three chief magistrates of the first French republic (1799–1804).
      • ‘The second and third consuls offer a good example of the consular ralliement: Cambacérès was a regicide, while Lebrun was a royal servant under the Ancien Régime.’
      • ‘Its leaders included Napoleon Bonaparte, who served as First Consul from 1799 to 1804, when he ended the republic by declaring himself Emperor Napoleon I.’
      • ‘The Constitution of the Year VIII provided for three consuls, with a First Consul, elected for ten years, having power to override the other two.’
      • ‘In 1801, while still first consul, he signed a concordat with the Catholic Church.’

Origin

Late Middle English (denoting an ancient Roman magistrate): from Latin, related to consulere ‘take counsel’.

Pronunciation

consul

/ˈkɑnsəl//ˈkänsəl/