Definition of construction in US English:



  • 1The building of something, typically a large structure.

    ‘there was a skyscraper under construction’
    • ‘A number of new housing estates under construction at the moment, when completed, should enhance the town further, the report added.’
    • ‘The construction of a building involves thousands of details, performed at the hands of scores of individuals.’
    • ‘A three-story government office building is under construction in the center of town.’
    • ‘With two housing developments currently under construction in Bangor, the town has got a major face-lift in the last five years.’
    • ‘There are currently four major housing projects under construction in the area.’
    • ‘Besides construction of classrooms and shelters, various Rotary Clubs have also contributed in several humanitarian programmes.’
    • ‘The construction of the snake house, the otter enclosure and the panther enclosure has been half completed.’
    • ‘While new housing construction has declined sharply, an increase in building demolitions has also taken place.’
    • ‘It is located near a nursing home on extensive grounds and there is a housing development under construction to the southern side.’
    • ‘There was a factory building under construction, and this must be the chemical factory that triggered this incident.’
    • ‘There are currently six social housing schemes under construction in the county.’
    • ‘So far the authorities are powerless to intervene because the building under construction conforms exactly to the plans approved by the local council.’
    • ‘The announcement came as the mayor inspected the building site where two new buildings are currently under construction.’
    • ‘Another day, James hops a city bus and rides it to the end of the line, a field out in the country where new housing is under construction.’
    • ‘They used the shell of a new mosque which has been under construction alongside the old building.’
    • ‘The construction of her own house back home in Belgium is her current obsession.’
    • ‘The construction of the wall fence, which is 75 percent complete, has now been delayed until the parties reach a compromise.’
    • ‘The building, under construction for two and a half years, will be dedicated in February.’
    • ‘Typically two guideway support columns were under construction at any one time.’
    • ‘The project will see the demolition of an existing house and the construction of a 144 bedroom hotel spread over a ground floor and 14 upper floors.’
    building, erection, putting up, setting up, raising, establishment, assembly, manufacture, fabrication, forming, fashioning, contriving, creation, making
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    1. 1.1 The building of large structures considered as an industry.
      • ‘Most strikes occurred in the retail sector, followed by the mining industry, metal and manufacturing, building and construction and transport.’
      • ‘Other industries include agriculture, construction, mining, and manufacturing.’
      • ‘By chance, French companies are not last in the world in fields like public construction, roads, tourism, energy and food industry.’
      • ‘There he worked in the building industry and work in construction was far more laborious than it is today.’
      • ‘Areas such as construction, woodwork and industrial manufacture may prove a problem.’
      • ‘Many industries, such as construction, agriculture and mining have been almost entirely de-unionised.’
      • ‘Could it be the explosive growth in industries like construction, agriculture, poultry, and carpet-making?’
      • ‘Most of them will go and work in building construction, brick making and roads.’
      • ‘Not many responders had a history of dusty work, such as experience in road and building construction and the cement industry.’
      • ‘Today, the main use of bitumen is in the road making industry for construction and maintenance.’
      • ‘Lumber and construction are secondary industries.’
      • ‘The CFMEU represents workers in mining and construction, two industries where there is a greater risk than most that workers won't make it home at the end of the day.’
      • ‘If he was going there to supervise the construction of the hotel, he should have been accompanied by experts in building construction and the hotel industry.’
      building, erection, putting up, setting up, raising, establishment, assembly, manufacture, fabrication, forming, fashioning, contriving, creation, making
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    2. 1.2 The style or method used in the building of something.
      ‘the mill is of brick construction’
      • ‘A range of stringent health and safety considerations underpins the design and construction of the modern childcare facility.’
      • ‘I hear about a lot of builders out there who are changing over from stick construction to modular building.’
      • ‘The sunroom's design and construction was a family affair.’
      • ‘But the fact remains that the sizes determined for the architecture of the room are compatible with brick construction, on a plausible modular dimension.’
      • ‘The deck and cabin structure are a sandwich construction utilizing plywood rather than balsa as a core material.’
      • ‘The building itself allows little space for amenity land for the children to play in, and the style of construction is totally out of character for the area.’
      • ‘But beyond its prefab construction and green considerations, the Sunset Breezehouse is simply good design at work.’
      • ‘Some furniture is just butted up together and is nailed, I do not recommend that style of construction.’
      • ‘Other features of the house, which is of timber frame construction with part brick finish, include double glazing and oil-fired central heating.’
      • ‘Their style of construction varies, with examples of European, American, Russian and Japanese designs to be found.’
      • ‘The two structures will be of a timber construction for the animals.’
      • ‘The fineness of every aspect of the Chettinadu style of construction, including the interiors of houses, was detailed in the portraits.’
      • ‘The building is of drop log construction, a style adopted by Tim for its similarity with the pioneering architecture of the region.’
      • ‘Application of a water repellent does not negate proper brick construction and detailing procedures.’
      • ‘Santa Barbara has a strict planning code that forces architects and developers to use a Spanish style of construction, and prohibits any building of more than two storeys.’
      • ‘Most of the houses, with brick and tile construction, carved doors and painted windows, are built along canals.’
      pattern, form, shape, format, structure, configuration, frame, build, model, design, arrangement, organization, formation, figure, cast, kind, brand, make, line, type, cut, style
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    3. 1.3 A building or other structure.
      • ‘The Celts and their predecessors had put up edifices such as stone circles, calms and assorted burial constructions near sacred wells.’
      • ‘Our present building is a modern construction with seven classrooms.’
      • ‘The simplest way of growing plants under glass is to use a cold frame, a modest construction of low walls topped with a wooden frame and glazed with glass or polythene.’
      • ‘Shopping is a big past-time and the malls are lavish constructions with lifts, fountains and plenty of open coffee shops.’
      • ‘Older buildings still outnumber newer constructions unlike so many Thai towns and cities.’
      • ‘The building housing the immigration office is a concrete construction typical of the former East Germany.’
      • ‘On the low podium at the far end of the building is a similar construction which mirrors the simple rose window behind you.’
      • ‘The play castle is a wooden construction which contains a mock tower, drawbridge, slides and rope swings.’
      • ‘York's Millennium Bridge was among the constructions to scoop a prize at the national Civic Trust Awards.’
      • ‘A stone construction with a wooden superstructure, the bridge houses 64 shops.’
      • ‘Does the building possess any feature not commonly seen in modern constructions?’
      • ‘The traders have been requested to remove unauthorised constructions on platforms.’
      • ‘There are also companies that concentrate on internal stables - constructions for use within existing structures such as cow sheds.’
      • ‘The barn was a wooden construction with a corrugated iron roof and only a wide opening for a door.’
      • ‘Up to now most wooden bridges have been flat constructions with limited length and strength.’
      • ‘The court was hearing a petition on removing shops and illegal constructions within the fort.’
      • ‘The group has been equally impressed by less spectacular constructions - bus shelters, flyovers, washing machines.’
      • ‘Behind the door is a three-dimensional construction, like a museum diorama.’
      • ‘Again, we have Indigenous cultures who built impressive constructions laid out in a vast grid.’
      • ‘Ones does not simply say that the addition of the second floor renders it a new building, a new construction.’
      structure, building, edifice, assembly, pile, framework
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    4. 1.4 The creation or formation of an abstract entity.
      ‘language plays a large part in our construction of reality’
      • ‘Let us now turn to the construction of institutional entities in virtual environments.’
      • ‘Yes, I understand that marriage is a social construction.’
      • ‘Men are also gendered beings, and are affected in negative ways through the social construction of masculinity.’
      • ‘In the discourse of policy makers, European cinema is a part of the discursive construction of a European identity.’
      • ‘The novels he explores suggest that those groups who control power also dominate the presentation and construction of reality.’
      • ‘So you have the social construction of reality, and the expanding universe… looking like the same thing.’
      • ‘This book should generate some lively ideas for creative work tying in with construction and invention, imagination and probability.’
      • ‘We did a lot of creative construction back in the founding.’
      • ‘It's all very big and heady - the world of abstract construction - but it's child's play, really.’
      • ‘The tacit acceptance of the fact that rape exists has to do with the social construction of masculinity.’
      • ‘His study offers an analysis of the cultural constructions of gender and national identity during the war years.’
      • ‘However, in each case we see an intellectual predilection for stressing the active role of individuals in the social construction of social reality.’
      • ‘Cyberspace must thereby be understood as an intersubjective construction of cyborgian selves.’
      • ‘Not to do so would contravene his will, viewed as a construction of his higher-order desires, even if the action turned out to be to his disadvantage.’
      • ‘This interplay is what I take to be that phenomenon called the social construction of reality.’
      • ‘Since reality is our own construction, it should be our responsibility to know what we can do with it.’
      • ‘More recently, Men's Studies have explored the social construction of masculinities.’
      • ‘The view that the races are social constructions is often associated with the claim that Europeans invented the races.’
      • ‘Parts of this paper will be informed by his view of the social construction of reality and its inherent dialectical character.’
      • ‘It will help in the creative construction of concepts and practices that will deal with the present and future.’
    5. 1.5 An interpretation or explanation.
      ‘you could put an honest construction upon their conduct’
      • ‘That, in my view, is an improper construction of the provision, and is is inconsistent with the broad statutory language.’
      • ‘In this view of interpretation as construction, the text itself serves as the boundaries around possible meanings.’
      • ‘So I would argue that moralities be understood as constructions, which creates a space in which they can be interrogated.’
      • ‘In favour of such a construction might be the view that the amendment is purely definitional and merely enlarges the operation of the Act in that way.’
      • ‘There is, so far as I am aware, no authority on the true construction of this clause.’
      • ‘And that would be a construction totally consistent with the second reading speech.’
      • ‘The reader will not expect to find in these pages any novel views, and novel constructions of the Constitution.’
      • ‘He criticised this analysis as being based on a tortuous construction which is unnecessary and inappropriate.’
      • ‘However, an analysis of early modern constructions of perception and the role of the passions, reveals something slightly different.’
      • ‘If one looks at that history we say that a purposive construction gives rise to a different view to that which I understand is literally open.’
      • ‘For a long time, I simply thought of philosophy as interesting constructions.’
      • ‘Thanks to him, definitions and constructions of civil rights have been on my mind lately.’
      • ‘The second section of analyses concerns judicial constructions of breach of trust.’
      • ‘In my view, however, a narrow construction is inappropriate.’
      • ‘It is these human religious constructions that have become unconvincing.’
      • ‘Data from a focus group yields a construction of sovereignty that is analysed discursively.’
      interpretation, reading, meaning, explanation, inference, explication, construal, analysis, version, understanding, view, impression
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    6. 1.6Grammar The arrangement of words according to syntactical rules.
      ‘sentence construction’
      • ‘The only solution is that both are uses of the plain form in a subjunctive main clause construction.’
      • ‘Language experts can tell from sentence construction, phrase and idiom whether or not you think in the language of your speech or writing.’
      • ‘The quotation is an example of an English construction in which parallel modifiers are interpreted in a special way.’
      • ‘The construction doesn't require a clause introduced by that - it can be a bare sentence’
      • ‘That tells us that the construction is an interrogative complement clause in each case.’
      composition, formation, structure, organization
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Late Middle English: via Old French from Latin constructio(n-), from construere ‘heap together’ (see construct).